- Calico Jack
lived=December 21, 1682 - November 18, 1720
caption=The flag of Calico Jack
nickname= Calico Jack
Spanish Town, Jamaica
base of operations= West Indies
John Rackham (
December 21, 1682– November 18, 1720in Jamaica), also known as Calico Jack Rackham or Calico Jack, (often misspelled Rackam or Rackum in contemporary documentation), was an English piratecaptain during the early 18th century. His nickname was derived from the calico clothing he wore. [ [http://www.piratesinfo.com/biography/biography.php?article_id=38 jack and captain john rackham ] ]
John Rackham is most remembered for two things: 1) his Hollywood-preferred black flag featuring the skull and crossed cutlasses, and2) employing the two notorious female pirates of The
Golden Age of Piracy– Anne Bonnyand Mary Read– in his crew.
He made a career of plundering small vessels close to shore, which proved his undoing as he cruised Jamaica in Fall 1720. He captured numerous small fishing vessels, terrorizing fishermen and women along the northern coastline before coming across a small vessel filled with other English pirates. The nine armed men were invited aboard, but were almost immediately under attack by an armed sloop sent out by Governor Lawes.
Capture, Trial and Death
Rackham and his crew were captured October 1720 by Captain Jonathan Barnet. Rackham and the male members of the crew were tried and convicted in Spanish Town,
Jamaica, November 16-17, 1720. Rackham was hanged the next day, November 18, 1720. Rackham's body was then tarred, hanged in a cage, and gibbeted on display on a very small islet at a main entrance to Port Royal, Jamaica as a warning to other pirates (now known as Rackhams Cay). This is referenced in the Disneyfilm in which several pirates are hanged from an open caveface in the film rendition of Port Royal. Calico Jack's flag was used in as the Black Pearl's pirate flag.
According to the contemporary transcript of the trials, Anne Bonny and Mary Read were not executed, because at their trial a week after Rackham's they both said they were pregnant. They were given a temporary stay until the claim was proved, and the plan was to hang them after childbirth. However, Read died in April 1721 of fever related to childbirth, while Bonny disappeared from the Jamaica records, leaving much legend and speculation regarding her fate. The fate of the newborns is also unknown.
The nine men captured with Rackham were tried and convicted in January 1721, and hanged February 1721.
* A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the most notorious Pyrates by
Captain Charles Johnson(1724).
* [http://www.iuniverse.com/bookstore/book_detail.asp?isbn=1-58348-467-1 "Pirate Spirit: The Adventures of Anne Bonney"]
* The entire trial transcript is available in the book [http://www.deadmentellnotales.com/cgi-bin/commerce.cgi?preadd=action&key=TRIAL "The Pirate Trial of Anne Bonny and Mary Read"] by Tamara J. Eastman and Constance Bond
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A6985678 Calico Jack Rackham - Pirate]
* [http://sciway2.net/2001/sc-pirates/caljack.html The Crows Nest - Jack Rackham]
* [http://www.turksheadmansion.com/history/pirates.htm Pirates of the Grand Turk - Calico Jack, Mary Read and Anne Bonney]
* [http://www.thepiratesrealm.com/Jack%20Rackham.html "Calico Jack" Rackham]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Calico Jack — Jack Rackham Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rackham. Jack Rackham … Wikipédia en Français
Calico Jack Rackham — († 17. November 1720 in Santiago de la Vega, Jamaika) war ein Piratenkapitän des 18. Jahrhunderts. Seinen Namen leitete er von der farbenfrohen Kalikokleidung ab, die er trug. Heutzutage ist er vor allem bekannt, da zu seiner Crew die zwei… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cálico Electrónico — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cálico Electrónico Género Animación Comedia Acción Superheroes Creado por Niko Voces de Raul Escolano Santiago Riscos Khris Cembellin Rafael Cano Manuel Muzas Inocud Niko … Wikipedia Español
Cálico Electrónico — Cálico Electrónico: La Serie Flash Created by Niko Voiced by Niko Manel Muzas Raúl Escolano Karen Gutierrez Kris Cembellín Rafiki Cano Santi Riscos Sebastián Fábregas Inocuo Launched June 1, 2004 Website Cálico Electrónico Cálico Ele … Wikipedia
Jack Rackham — (21 de Diciembre de 1682 – 18 Noviembre 1720), conocido como Calico Jack o Jack el Calicó, fue un capitán pirata inglés durante el siglo XVIII. Se ganó el sobrenombre por las coloridas ropas de calicó que llevaba, pero fue más famoso por llevar a … Wikipedia Español
Calico — may refer to:Textiles*Calico (fabric), a plain woven cotton textileAnimals*Calico cat, Calico or Tortoiseshell is a common coloration for domestic cats *Calico goldfish, goldfish that sports a type of metallic and transparent… … Wikipedia
Jack — Artículos en Wikipedia Todas las páginas que comienzan por «Jack» Jack (en castellano: Juan / Santiago) puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Nombre … Wikipedia Español
Calico (textile) — Calico is a plain woven textile. In the United Kingdom, calico refers to fabric made from unbleached, and often not fully processed, cotton. It may contain unseparated husk parts, for example. The fabric is less coarse and thick than canvas or… … Wikipedia
Jack Rackham — Calico Jack Rackham (* 21. Dezember 1682 in Bristol, England; † 17. November 1720 in Santiago de la Vega, Jamaika) war ein Piratenkapitän des 18. Jahrhunderts. Seinen Namen leitete er von der farbenfrohen Kalikokleidung ab, die er trug.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Calico — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le mot Calico peut renvoyer à : Calico, une robe de chat tricolore ; Calico, une ville fantôme de Californie. Calico M960, un pistolet semi… … Wikipédia en Français