Rubus spectabilis


Rubus spectabilis

Taxobox
name = "Salmonberry"



image_width = 240px
image_caption = Salmonberry flower
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Rosales
familia = Rosaceae
subfamilia = Rosoideae
genus = "Rubus"
species = "R. spectabilis"
binomial = "Rubus spectabilis"
binomial_authority = Pursh

"Rubus spectabilis" (Salmonberry) is a species of "Rubus" native to the west coast of North America from southern Alaska to California.

It is a shrub growing to 1–4 m tall, with perennial, not biennial woody stems (unlike other species). The leaves are trifoliate, 7–22 cm long, the terminal leaflet larger than the two side leaflets. The leaf margins are toothed. The flowers are 2–3 cm diameter, with five purple petals; they are produced from early spring to early summer. The fruit matures in late summer to early autumn, and resembles a large yellow to orange-red raspberry 1.5-2 cm long with many drupelets.Plants of British Columbia: [http://linnet.geog.ubc.ca/Atlas/Atlas.aspx?sciname=Rubus+spectabilis "Rubus spectabilis"] ] Jepson Flora: [http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Rubus+spectabilis "Rubus spectabilis"] ]

In Washington State the berries can ripen from mid-June to late-July.

Salmonberries are found in moist forests and stream margins, especially in the coastal forests. They often form large thickets, and thrive in the open spaces under stands of Red Alder ("Alnus rubra").

In Kodiak, Alaska, orange salmonberries are often referred to as "Russian berries".Fact|date=August 2007

Cultivation and uses

Salmonberry shares the fruit structure of the raspberry, with the fruit pulling away from its receptacle. Books often call the fruit "insipid"Pojar, J., & MacKinnon, A., eds. (1994). "Plants of the Pacific Northwest coast". Vancouver, BC: Lone Pine.] but depending on ripeness and site, they can be good in jams, candies, jellies and wines.

They are important food for Native Americans. It is one of the numerous berries gathered to incorporate into pemmican. It is said that the name came about because of the First Nations fondness for eating the berries with half-dried salmon roe.

It is widely grown as an ornamental plant for its flowers. It has escaped cultivation and become naturalized in parts of northwestern Europe, including Great Britain, Ireland and the Faroe Islands.Flora of NW Europe: [http://ip30.eti.uva.nl/BIS/flora.php?selected=beschrijving&menuentry=soorten&id=2611 "Rubus spectabilis"] ] [Højgaard, A. et al., eds. (1989). "A century of tree-planting in the Faroe Islands". Føroya Fróðskaparfelag, Tórshavn.]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rubus spectabilis — puošnioji avietė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Erškėtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaisinis augalas (Rubus spectabilis), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Rubus spectabilis angl. salmonberry ryšiai: susijęs terminas – avietė… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Rubus spectabilis — ID 73180 Symbol Key RUSP Common Name salmonberry Family Rosaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK, CA, ID, OR, WA Growth Habit Vine, Subshrub Du …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Rubus spectabilis — noun large erect red flowered raspberry of western North America having large pinkish orange berries • Syn: ↑salmonberry • Hypernyms: ↑raspberry, ↑raspberry bush …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rubus spectabilis var. spectabilis — ID 73184 Symbol Key RUSPS Common Name salmonberry Family Rosaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK, CA, ID, OR, WA Growth Habit Vine, Subshrub D …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Rubus spectabilis var. franciscanus — ID 73181 Symbol Key RUSPF Common Name salmonberry Family Rosaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA, OR Growth Habit Vine, Subshrub Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Rubus spectabilis Pursh var. spectabilis — Symbol RUSPS Common Name salmonberry Botanical Family Rosaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Rubus spectabilis Pursh — Symbol RUSP Common Name salmonberry Botanical Family Rosaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Rubus spectabilis Pursh var. franciscanus (Rydb.) J.T. Howell — Symbol RUSPF Common Name salmonberry Botanical Family Rosaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Rubus spectabilis Pursh var. franciscanus (Rydb.) J.T. Howell — Symbol RUSPF Common Name salmonberry Botanical Family Rosaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Rubus spectabilis Pursh var. menziesii (Hook.) S. Watson — Symbol RUSPF Synonym Symbol RUSPM Botanical Family Rosaceae …   Scientific plant list