A watchmaker is an
artisanwho makes and repairs watches. A modern watchmaker is more likely to repair a wristwatch or a pocketwatch than to actually create a watch from scratch. A skilled watchmaker can typically manufacture many of the parts found in a watch. A person who primarily repairs watches, especially if he is not qualified to make all components of a watch, should properly be called a "watch repairer" rather than a watchmaker.
A watchmaker, as the name implies, works primarily on watches, not
clocks. Some watchmakers work on clocks, but the skills and tools needed to work on a watch are not always applicable when working on a clock.
England, watchmakers would have to undergo a seven-year apprenticeshipand then join a guild, such as the " Worshipful Company of Clockmakers" in London, before selling their first watch. In modern times watchmakers undergo training courses such as the ones offered by the BHI, or one of the many school around the word following the WOSTEPcurriculum.
Watchmaker as metaphor
William Paleyand others used the watchmaker in his famous analogy to infer the existence of God(the teleological argument) . Richard Dawkinslater applied this analogy in his book " The Blind Watchmaker," arguing that evolutionis blind in that it cannot look forward. Evolution, says Dawkins, is not directed by god(s). Instead, all intricate improvements in nature's mechanisms stem from survival pressures. Alan Moorein his graphic novel Watchmen, uses the metaphor of the watchmaker as a central part of the backstory of his heroic character Dr. Manhattan.
In the scifi novel "
The Mote in God's Eye" by Larry Niven, the Watchmakers are a small technologically intelligent sub-species of the Motiesthat will repair/improve things you leave out for them (accompanied by food as payment). Albert Einstein, in discussing the advances of the nuclear era, noted that, " [t] he release of atom power has changed everything except our way of thinking... the solution to this problem lies in the heart of mankind. If only I had known, I should have become a watchmaker."
American Watchmakers-Clockmakers Institute
Federation of the Swiss Watch Industry FH
* [http://www.fhs.ch/de/ Verband der Schweizerischen Uhrenindustrie FH]
* [http://www.awci.com/ American Watchmakers-Clockmakers Institute]
* [http://culture.hautehorlogerie.org/en/players/famous-watchmakers/178.html Famous watchmakers]
* [http://www.bhi.co.uk/ British Horological Institute]
* [http://www.collectorebooks.com/watch2/watch01.htm Functioning of a simple mechanical watch]
* [http://www.collectorebooks.com/watch2/watch02.htm Disassembling a mechanical wristwatch]
* [http://www.collectorebooks.com/watch2/watch03.htm Reassembling a mechanical wristwatch]
* [http://www.nationaljewelerssupplies.com/Merchant2/merchant.mvc?Screen=CTGY&Store_Code=NJS&Category_Code=watchmaking-and-repair Watchmaker Tools]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Watchmaker — Watch mak er, n. One whose occupation is to make and repair watches. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
watchmaker — 1620s, from WATCH (Cf. watch) (n.) + MAKER (Cf. maker) … Etymology dictionary
watchmaker — [wächmā΄kər, wôchmāk΄ər] n. a person who makes or repairs watches watchmaking n … English World dictionary
watchmaker — UK [ˈwɒtʃˌmeɪkə(r)] / US [ˈwɑtʃˌmeɪkər] noun [countable] Word forms watchmaker : singular watchmaker plural watchmakers someone whose job is to make or repair watches … English dictionary
watchmaker's — noun The shop or workshop of a watchmaker … Wiktionary
watchmaker — noun Date: 1630 one that makes or repairs watches or clocks • watchmaking noun … New Collegiate Dictionary
watchmaker — watchmaking, n. /woch may keuhr/, n. a person whose occupation it is to make and repair watches. [1620 30; WATCH + MAKER] * * * … Universalium
watchmaker — noun /ˈwɔtʃˌmeɪkə/ A person who repairs (and originally made) watches … Wiktionary
watchmaker — watch|mak|er [ˈwɔtʃˌmeıkə US ˈwa:tʃˌmeıkər, ˈwo:tʃ ] n someone whose job is making and repairing clocks and watches … Dictionary of contemporary English
watchmaker — watch|mak|er [ watʃ,meıkər ] noun count someone whose job is to make or repair watches … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English