Staccato


Staccato

In musical notation, the Italian word staccato (literally "detached", plural "staccatos" or "staccati") indicates that notes are separated in a detached and distinctly separate manner, with silence making up the latter part of the time allocated to each note. [http://neilhawes.com/sstheory/theory43.htm] The rhythm is not affected. Notes identified as staccato are often played or sung abruptly and short. They are usually denoted by a dot over the head of the note when the stem is downward, or by a dot below the head of the note when the stem is upward:

:

Sometimes in the Classical period (the piano works of Mozart, for example) some sort of an accent mark might be used instead, which leads to uncertainty as to what the composer intended. Accentuation and staccato effects at times go hand in hand, but scarcely so in most modern works.

Playing staccato is the opposite of playing legato. A staccato passage for strings does not necessarily have to be pizzicato, though pizzicato itself might be thought of as a kind of staccato effect. For example, Leroy Anderson's "Jazz Legato/Jazz Pizzicato". There is an intermediate articulation called either mezzo staccato or non-legato.

Audio examples

ee also

*Staccatissimo
*Legato
*Portato
*Slur (music)

External links

* [http://neilhawes.com/sstheory/theory43.htm Basic Music Theory] Neil V. Hawes, organist and choirmaster of St. Mary's Church, Osterley
* [http://www.theviolinsite.com/bowarm.html Staccato] - video example of staccato playing


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • staccato — [ stakato ] adv. et n. m. • 1771; mot it. « détaché » ♦ Mus. En détachant nettement les notes. Jouer staccato. ♢ N. m. Passage joué en détachant les notes. ⇒ 1. piqué. Des staccatos ou plur. it. des staccati. ⊗ CONTR. Legato. ● staccato adverbe… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Staccato — El staccato (del italiano staccare, romper) o picado es un modo de ejecución musical en el que se acorta la nota respecto de su valor original. Su símbolo en la notación musical es un punto. Existe también el superlativo staccatíssimo . El… …   Wikipedia Español

  • staccato — STACCÁTO adv. (Indică modul de executare a unei compoziţii muzicale) Izolat prin pauze scurte de celelalte note; în mod sacadat. ♦ (Substantivat, n.) (Parte dintr o) compoziţie muzicală executată în mod sacadat. – cuv. it. Trimis de RACAI,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Staccato — Le staccato ou « piqué » c est à dire, le phrasé en notes détachées désigne un type de phrasé dans lequel les notes des motifs et des phrases musicales doivent être exécutées avec des suspensions entre elles. C est une technique… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • staccato — [stə kät′ō] adj. [It, pp. of staccare, aphetic for distaccare, to detach < di(s) (< L, DIS ) + Frank * stakka: see STICK] 1. [also in italics] Musical Direction with distinct breaks between successive tones: usually indicated by a dot… …   English World dictionary

  • staccato — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 33}}[wym. stakkato]{{/stl 33}}{{stl 8}}rz. n ndm a. n I, Mc. staccatoacie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} fragment utworu muzycznego wykonany z wyraźnym oddzielaniem dźwięków od siebie : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Wykonał wyśmienicie to staccato …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Staccāto — (ital., abbrevirt Stac.), so v.w. abgestoßen; zeigt an, daß die Noten unter od. über welche es gesetzt wird, kurz abgestoßen werden sollen, z.B.: Man nimmt im Allgemeinen an, daß die mit S. bezeichneten Noten die Hälfte ihrer Dauer dadurch… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Staccato — Stac*ca to (st[.a]k*k[aum] t[ o]), a. [It., p. p. of staccare, equivalent to distaccare. See {Detach}.] 1. (Mus.) Disconnected; separated; distinct; a direction to perform the notes of a passage in a short, distinct, and pointed manner. It is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • staccato — 1724, from It. staccato, lit. detached, disconnected, from pp. of staccare to detach, shortened form of distaccare separate, detach, from M.Fr. destacher, from O.Fr. destachier to detach (see DETACH (Cf. detach)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • staccato — ► ADVERB & ADJECTIVE Music ▪ with each sound or note sharply separated from the others. ► NOUN (pl. staccatos) 1) Music a staccato passage or performance. 2) a series of short, detached sounds or words. ORIGIN Italian, detached …   English terms dictionary

  • Staccāto — (ital., abgekürzt stacc., »abgestoßen«), musikalische Vortragsbezeichnung, die fordert, daß die Töne nicht aneinander geschlossen, sondern deutlich getrennt werden sollen, so daß zwischen ihnen wenn auch noch so kurze Pausen entstehen. Das S.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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