- 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 78th Infantry Division
World War II1942 - 1945
role= War Formed
battle_honours= Monte Cassino
The British 78th Infantry Division, also known as the "Battleaxe Division", fought in the
Second World Warin North Africaand Italy.
The 78th was formed specifically for
Operation Torchfrom regular British Armyunits, landing at Algiersin 1942. Thereafter it continued in Tunisia, gaining a formidable reputation, then through Sicily, up the length of Italy, arriving in Austriafor the end of the war. Units also saw action in Greece, Palestine, and Egypt. Notable engagements include in Tunisia Longstop Hill, in Sicily the Battle of Centuripe and in Italy the assaults on the Viktor Line (Battle of Termoli), the Barbara Lineand the River Sangro (Gustav Line) as well as the Battle of Monte Cassino, the Gothic Lineand battle of Argenta gap.
Order of battle from 1942 composed from units of
Force 110[Ford, pp274-275] .
11th Infantry Brigade
The Lancashire Fusiliers.:1st Battalion The East Surrey Regiment.:5th Battalion The Northamptonshire Regiment.
36th Infantry Brigade
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment).:6th Battalion Royal West Kent Regiment.:8th Battalion The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.
1st Infantry Brigade (Guards) (until March 1943)
Grenadier Guards.:2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards.:2nd Battalion The Hampshire Regiment.
38th (Irish) Infantry Brigade (from March 1943)
1= 38th (Irish) Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)
l1 = 38th (Irish) Infantry Brigade :6th Battalion,
The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers(until August 1944).:2nd Battalion, The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers(from August 1944).:1st Battalion, The Royal Irish Fusiliers(Princess Victoria's).:2nd Battalion, The London Irish Rifles(Territorial Army). :56th Reconnaissance Regiment, Royal Armoured Corps. :1st Battalion, Princess Louise's Kensington Regiment.
Royal Artillery.:17th Field Regiment.:132nd Field Regiment (welsh).:138th Field Regiment (City of London) .:64th Anti-Tank Regiment ( Queen's Own Royal Glasgow Yeomanry). :49th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (until November 1944). Royal Engineers.:214th Field Company.:237th Field Company.:256th Field Company.:281st Field Park Company. Royal Army Medical Corps.:11th Field Ambulance.:152nd Field Ambulance.:217th Field Ambulance.:47th Field Ambulance.
* [http://www.army.mod.uk/unitsandorgs/regiments_battalions.htm#regcor_r British Army Regiments website]
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