- Rondel (poem)
A rondel is a
verseform originating in French lyrical poetry, later used in the verse of other languages as well, such as English and Romanian. It is a variation of the rondeau consisting of two quatrains followed by a quintet(13 lines total) or a sextet(14 lines total). The rondel was invented in the 14th century, and is arguably better suited to the French language than to English.
(Not to be confused with Roundel, a similar verse form with repeating refrain.)
The first two lines of the first
stanzaare refrains, repeating as the last two lines of the second stanza and the third stanza. (Alternately, only the first line is repeated at the end of the final stanza). For instance, if A and B are the refrains, a rondel will have a rhyme scheme ofABba abAB abbaA
The meter is open, but typically has eight syllables.
There are several variations of the rondel, and some inconsistencies. For example, sometimes only the first line of the poem is repeated at the end; or: the second refrain may return at the end of last stanza, making a Rondel Prime (aka, Rondel Supreme or French Sonnet).
Henry Austin Dobsonprovides the following example of a rondel prime: Love comes back to his vacant dwelling, The old, old Love that we knew of yore! We see him stand by the open door, With his great eyes sad, and his bosom swelling.
He makes as though in our arms repelling He fain would lie as he lay before; Love comes back to his vacant dwelling, The old, old Love that we knew of yore!
Ah ! who shall help us from over-spelling That sweet, forgotten, forbidden lore? E'en as we doubt, in our hearts once more, With a rush of tears to our eyelids welling, Love comes back to his vacant dwelling, The old, old Love that we knew of yore!
[http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/rondel-of-merciless-beauty/ Rondel of Merciless Beauty] , a rondel in variant form by
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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Rondel — (from Old French, the diminutive of roont round , meaning small circle ) may refer to: * Rondel (dagger) or roundel , type of medieval dagger * Rondel (armour), a circular piece of steel, as part of an armour harness, that normally protects a… … Wikipedia
rondel — RONDÉL, rondeluri, s.n. Specie a poeziei lirice cu formă fixă, având 13 (sau 14) versuri repartizate în trei strofe, în care primul vers este identic cu al şaptelea şi al treisprezecelea, iar al doilea cu al patrulea şi ultimul vers. – Din it.… … Dicționar Român
rondel — late 14c., from O.Fr. rondel short poem, lit. small circle, dim. of roont (fem. roonde) circular (see ROUND (Cf. round)). Metrical form of 14 lines with only two rhymes. So called because the initial couplet is repeated at the end … Etymology dictionary
rondel — /ron dl, ron del /, n. 1. Pros. a short poem of fixed form, consisting usually of 14 lines on two rhymes, of which four are made up of the initial couplet repeated in the middle and at the end, with the second line of the couplet sometimes being… … Universalium
rondel — or rondelle noun Etymology: Middle English rondel, roundel more at roundel Date: 14th century 1. (usually rondelle) a circular object; especially a circular jewel or jeweled ring 2. a. (usually rondel) a fixed form of verse based on two rhyme… … New Collegiate Dictionary
poem — Synonyms and related words: English sonnet, Horatian ode, Italian sonnet, Petrarchan sonnet, Pindaric ode, Sapphic ode, Shakespearean sonnet, alba, anacreontic, article, autograph, balada, ballad, ballade, brainchild, bucolic, canso, chanson,… … Moby Thesaurus
rondel — ron•del [[t]ˈrɒn dl, rɒnˈdɛl[/t]] n. pro a short poem usu. of 14 lines on two rhymes, with the initial couplet repeated in the middle and at the end • Etymology: 1250–1300; < OF rondel, dim. of rond round I … From formal English to slang
rondel — /ˈrɒndl/ (say rondl) noun 1. a short poem of fixed form, consisting usually of fourteen lines on two rhymes, of which four are made up of the initial couplet repeated in the middle and at the end (the second line of the couplet sometimes being… … Australian English dictionary
rondel — noun a) A metric form of verse using two rhymes, usually fourteen 8 to 10 syllable lines in three stanzas, with the first lines of the first stanza returning as refrain of the next two b) A poem in the above form Syn: roundel See Also: rondelet … Wiktionary
poem — n verse composition, lyric, sonnet, villanelle, ode, Class. Prosody. epode, palinode, anacreontic, dithyramb, elegy; rhapsody, epic; rondelet, Prosody. rondeau, Prosody. rondel; pastoral, idyll, eclogue, bucolic, georgic; nuptial song,… … A Note on the Style of the synonym finder