- 2000 Baku earthquake
Bakuearthquake occurred on Saturday, November 25, 2000measuring 7 on the Richter scalein the epicentrewith 6,3 in Baku, and followed by a quake measuring 5,9, [ [http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/00/3500.pdf IFRC] . The magnitude figure varies slightly in other sources. According to the national seismological service, the tremors magnitude in Baku and Sumgait was 6-6,5 on the Richter scale while several other districts experienced tremors of 4. ] at 22:10 (18:10 GMT) and 22:13 local time correspondently. It was the strongest for almost 160 years, since 1842 in the Baku suburbs and except capital affected Sumgayit, Shamakhiand neighboring cities. According to the United States Geological Survey, the epicentre was in the Caspian Sea, 25 km to the south south-east of Baku. The earthquake was felt as far away as e.g. Tbilisi, 600 km north west of the epicentre, Makhachkala(up to magnitude 4) and the Karabudakh and Isberbas settlements in Dagestan(up to 5). It is assumed that the earthquake was called by the active tectonicmotions on the border of two biggest structures of the earth crust– Turansk plate and Kopedag-Caucasian folded plate motion area. The earthquake zone gravitates towards Apsheron-Chelekensk deep crust break. [ [http://www.ceme.gsras.ru/cgi-bin/info_quakee.pl?mode=1&id=21 Quake info] ]
According to the Azeri government, 26 people died as a primary result, but only three people in collapsing buildings. A total of 412 people were either hospitalised or sought medical assistance. President
Heydar Aliyevannounced that more than 90 buildings and apartment blocks have been seriously damaged. Damage has been identified at the German church, the 15th century Shirvanshahs' Palace, the Opera and Ballet Theatre, the Taza Pir mosque, the Blue Mosque and the Wedding Palace. Despite of affecting northern-eastern coastline of Azerbaijan no damage has been reported to the offshore oil exploration infrastructure.
Many phone lines were down and the electricity was out in much of the city. Due to anxiety caused by possible fires the natural gas supply was reduced to 80%. Baku and Sumgait residents spent the rest of the night on the street. After the disaster
seismologists have banned the construction of buildings with over nine floors.
On the same day the earthquake in
Saratovcaused by tectonic changes in the Volgaregion after the Baku earthquake took place. [ [http://www.21vek.renet.ru/arhiv/2001/02-2001/1-02-2001/st7-01-02-2001.htm "Саратовские Вести"] ]
Following the presidential decree of
November 28, 2000, the State Emergency Commission was provided with an amount of ca. US$ 5,5 million in order to deal with the consequences of the earthquake. The SEC dispatched assessment teams to the affected areas. In Baku, as of November 27, 19 families have been evacuated from three severely damaged houses. Schools have been temporarily closed.
UNDisaster Management Team, composed of UNDP, UNHCR, UNICEF, UNFPAand WHO, was established in order to consider opportunities to support the governmental efforts. The IFRClaunched an emergency appeal for international assistance amounting to US$ 590,000.
1842 Baku earthquake
* [http://archives.cnn.com/2000/WORLD/europe/11/26/azerbijan.quake/ CNN.com report]
* [http://www.commersant.ua/index-news.html?ext=news&id=4986 Коммерсантъ (in Russian)]
* [http://www.azerros.ru/pnhtml/n03_11.htm Summary of Azeri and Russian sources (in Russian)]
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