Philadelphia soul


Philadelphia soul

"For the American arena football team, see Philadelphia Soul."Infobox Music genre
name = Philadelphia Soul
color = orange
bgcolor = black
stylistic_origins = Soul music
Funk
R&B
Jazz
Philly music
cultural_origins = Philadelphia
instruments = Strings - Horns - Vocals
popularity = throughout the 1970s
derivatives = Disco
subgenrelist =
subgenres =
fusiongenres =
regional_scenes = Philadelphia
other_topics =

Philadelphia (or Philly) soul, sometimes called the Philadelphia Sound or Sweet Philly, is a style of soul music characterized by funk influences and lush instrumental arrangements, often featuring sweeping strings and piercing horns. The subtle sound of a glockenspiel can often be heard in the background of philly soul songs. The genre laid the groundwork for what are now considered Quiet Storm and smooth jazz by fusing the R & B rhythm sections of the 1960s with the Pop Vocal tradition, and featuring a slightly more pronounced Jazz influence in its melodic structures and arrangements.

The style

Due to the emphasis on sound and arrangement and the relative anonymity of many of the "style's" players, Philadelphia soul is often considered a producers' genre. [cite web|url=http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=77:2635|title=Philly Soul|work=Allmusic]

Philadelphia soul or the sound of Philadelphia songwriters and producers included Thom Bell, Linda Creed, Norman Harris, Dexter Wansel and the production teams of Gene McFadden and John Whitehead, and Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff (the latter pair of Philadelphia International Records) worked with a stable of studio musicians to develop the unique Philadelphia sound used as backing for many different singing acts. Many of these musicians would record as the instrumental group MFSB, which had a hit with the seminal Philadelphia soul song "TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)" in 1974. A notable extension of the Philadelphia sound were bassist Ronald Baker, guitarist Norman Harris and drummer/Trammps baritone Earl Young, (B-H-Y) who also recorded as the Trammps and would produce records themselves. These three were the base rhythm section for MFSB and branched off into a sub-label of Philadelphia International, called Golden Fleece, distributed by CBS Records (now Sony BMG), after which Harris created the Gold Mind label, in conjunction with SalSoul. Gold Mind's roster included First Choice, Loleatta Holloway, and Love Committee (all of whom would feature Baker/Harris/Young productions of their material. Their hit by Double Exposure, Ten Percent, (1976) was the first commercial 12-inch single. The Salsoul Orchestra was composed of key players from MFSB. Salsoul Orchestra (as its name implies) leaned toward R&B-Latin-fused musical flavor. The group was conducted by one-time Mike Douglas television show bandleader/vibraphonist, Vincent Montana Jr., another founding MFSB member.

Philadelphia soul was popular throughout the 1970s and it set the stage for the studio constructions of disco and urban contemporary music that emerged later in the decade.

Notable artists

Notable Philadelphia soul artists include:

* Jean Carn
* The Delfonics
* The Intruders
* The Jones Girls
* First Choice (band)
* Patti LaBelle
* Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes
* MFSB
* The O'Jays
* Billy Paul
* Teddy Pendergrass
* The Spinners
* The Stylistics
* The Three Degrees
* The Trammps
* Blue Magic
* The Soul Survivors
* Dexter Wansel
* Gamble and Huff - Notable Songwriters and Producers
* Thom Bell - Notable Songwriter and Producer
* Daryl Hall & John Oates
* The Ethics
* Jerry Butler - Some Notable Songs with Gamble and Huff
* Charles M. Mann - Singer/Songwriter. ASC

Further reading

"A House on Fire: The Rise and Fall of Philadelphia Soul" by John A. Jackson Oxford University Press, October 2004, ISBN 0-195-14972-6

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Philadelphia Soul — bezeichnet Phillysound, einen Musikstil Philadelphia Soul (Arena Football), ein US amerikanisches Football Team Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philadelphia Soul — Ne pas confondre avec Philadelphia soul, un style de musique soul Philadelphia Soul …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Philadelphia soul — Ne pas confondre avec Philadelphia Soul, une franchise américaine de football américain en salle évoluant en Arena Football League. La Philadelphia soul ou parfois Philadelphia sound est un style de musique soul, originaire de la ville de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Philadelphia Soul — For the music genre, see Philadelphia soul …   Wikipedia

  • 2007 Philadelphia Soul season — Infobox NFL season team = Philadelphia Soul year = 2007 record = 8 8 division place = 2nd coach = Bret Munsey stadium = Wachovia Center Wachovia Spectrum(alt.) playoffs = L 65 39 vs. GeorgiaThe 2007 Philadelphia Soul season was the fourth season… …   Wikipedia

  • 2005 Philadelphia Soul season — Infobox NFL season team = Philadelphia Soul year = 2005 record = 6 10 division place = 3rd coach = Michael Trigg(weeks 1 5), James Fuller(weeks 6 17) stadium = Wachovia Center Wachovia Spectrum(alt.) playoffs = Did not qualifyThe 2005… …   Wikipedia

  • 2006 Philadelphia Soul season — Infobox NFL season team = Philadelphia Soul year = 2006 record = 9 7 division place = 3rd coach = Bret Munsey stadium = Wachovia Center Wachovia Spectrum(alt.) playoffs = L 31 27 in Week 1 vs. OrlandoThe 2006 Philadelphia Soul season was the… …   Wikipedia

  • 2004 Philadelphia Soul season — Infobox NFL season team = Philadelphia Soul year = 2004 record = 5 11 division place = 5th coach = Michael Trigg stadium = Wachovia Center Wachovia Spectrum(alt.) playoffs = Did not qualifyThe 2004 Philadelphia Soul season was the inaugural… …   Wikipedia

  • 2008 Philadelphia Soul season — at Wachovia Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania * Game time: March 16, 2008 at 2:00 PM EST * Game attendance: 16,102 * Officials: Referee: Tim McCabe; Umpire: Rick Podraza; Linesman: Rod Pearson; Line judge: Dana McKenzie; Back judge: Scott… …   Wikipedia

  • Soul-Musik — Soul Star der Sechziger: Dionne Warwick Soulmusik oder einfach Soul bezeichnet eine Hauptströmung der afroamerikanischen Unterhaltungsmusik. Sie entwickelte sich Ende der 1950er Jahre aus Rhythm and Blues und Gospel. In den 1960er Jahren war Soul …   Deutsch Wikipedia