List of Celtic tribes


List of Celtic tribes

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This is a list of Celtic tribes and associated Celtic peoples with their geographical localization.

Gaul (Transalpine)

[
Gaul in the 1st century BC, showing the relative positions of the Celtic tribes.]
Gaul is approximately modern Belgium, France,and Switzerland. At various times it also covered parts of Northern Italy and North central Spain. Gaul included both Celtic speaking and non-Celtic speaking tribes.

List of peoples of Gaul (with their capitals/major settlements):
*Aedui - Bibracte
*Allobroges - Vienne
*Ambiani - Amiens
*Andecavi - Angers
*Aquitani - Bordeaux
*Atrebates - Arras
*Arverni - Gergovia
*Baiocasses - Bayeux
*Boii - Boui near Entrain
*Boii Boates - La Tête de Buch
*Bellovaci - Beauvais
*Bituriges - Bourges
*Carnutes - Chartres
*Catalauni - Châlons-en-Champagne
*Cenomani - Le Mans
*Ceutrones - Moûtiers
*Curiosolitae - Corseul
*Helvetii - La Tène
*Lexovii - Lisieux
*Mediomatrici - Metz
*Medulli - Médoc
*Medulli - Vienne
*Menapii - Cassel
*Morini - Boulogne-sur-Mer
*Namnetes - Nantes
*Nervii - Bavay
*Parisii - Paris
*Petrocorii - Périgueux
*Pictones - Poitiers
*Raurici - Kaiseraugst (Augusta Raurica)
*Redones - Rennes
*Remi - Reims
*Santones - Saintes
*Senones - Sens
*Sequani - Besançon
*Suessiones - Soissons
*Tigurini - Yverdon
*Tolosates - Toulouse
*Treveri - Trier
*Tungri - Tongeren
*Turones - Tours
*Unelli - Coutances
*Vangiones - Worms
*Veliocassi - Rouen
*Vellavi - Ruessium
*Veneti - Vannes
*Viducasses - Vieux
*Viromandui - Noyon
*Vocontii - Vaison-la-Romaine

Cisalpine Gaul (Northern Italy)

Cisalpine Gaul, meaning literally "Gaul on this side of the Alps", was the Roman name for a region of Italy inhabited by Gauls, roughly corresponding with modern northern Italy.

*Salassi - Aosta Valley and Canavese (Northern Piedmont) (Ivrea)
*Graioceles - Northwestern Piedmont in the Graian Alps
*Seguses (or Cotties) - Western Piedmont on Cottian Alps (Susa)
*Taurini - Piedmont (Turin)
*Vertamocorii - Eastern Piedmont (Novara)
*Insubres - Western Lombardy (Milan)
*Orobii or Orumbovii - Central Lombardy (Bergamo)
*Cenomani - Eastern Lombardy (Brixia, Cremona)
*Boii - Central Emilia-Romagna (Bologna)
*Lingones - North-eastern Emilia-Romagna (Ferrara), Po Valley
*Senones - South-eastern Emilia-Romagna (Rimini) and Northern Marche (Senigallia)

Central Europe

*Boii - Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Germany, Austria
*Cotini - Slovakia
*Osi - Slovakia
*Lugii - Poland
*Eravisci - Hungary
*Scordisci - Serbia, Croatia, Austria
*Vindelici - Germany
*Latobici - Slovenia, Croatia
*Varciani - Slovenia, Croatia

Iberian Peninsula

The Celts in the Iberian peninsula were traditionally thought of as living on the edge of the Celtic world of the La Tène culture that defined classical Iron Age Celts. Celtic or (Indo-European) Pre-Celtic cultures and populations did exist, even if their cultures do set them somewhat apart from the rest of the Celtic world in Antiquity.

*Albiones - western Asturias (Spain).
*Astures - Asturias and northern León (Spain), and west of Trás os Montes (Portugal).
*Bletonesii - Salamanca (Spain).
*Bracari - Braga (Portugal).
*Gallaecians or Callaici - Gallaecia (Spain & Portugal).
*Cantabri - Cantabria, part of Asturias and part of Castile-Leon (Spain); some consider them not Celtic or Pre-Celtic [http://www.arqueotavira.com/Mapas/Iberia/Populi.htm] .
*Carpetani - Central Iberian meseta (Spain).
*Celtiberians - Central Iberian meseta (Spain).
*Celtici - Alentejo and Algarve (Portugal).
*Coelerni - Braga (Portugal and Ourense (Spain).
*Cynetes or Conii - Algarve and Low Alentejo (Portugal); originally probably Tartessians or similar, later celtized by the Celtici [http://www.arqueotavira.com/Mapas/Iberia/Populi.htm] .
*Equaesi - Minho and Trás-os-Montes (Portugal).
*Grovii - Minho (Portugal) and Galicia (Spain).
*Interamici - Trás-os-Montes (Portugal).
*Leuni - Minho (Portugal).
*Limici - Minho (Portugal) and Galicia (Spain).
*Luanqui - Trás-os-Montes (Portugal).
*Lusitanians - Portugal south of the Douro River and Extremadura (Spain); usually considered Pre-Celtic.
*Lusones - Guadalajara (Spain).
*Narbasi -Minho (Portugal) and Galicia (Spain).
*Nemetati - Minho (Portugal).
*Oretani - La Mancha, eastern Andalusia and Múrcia (Spain); Some consider them not Celtic [http://www.arqueotavira.com/Mapas/Iberia/Populi.htm] .
*Paesuri - Douro and Vouga (Portugal).
*Quaquerni - Minho (Portugal).
*Seurbi - Minho (Portugal).
*Tamagani - Chaves (Portugal).
*Tapoli - River Tagus, around the border area of Portugal and Spain.
*Turduli Veteres - Douro (Portugal).
*Turduli - Guadiana valley (Portugal) and Extremadura (Spain).
*Turdulorum Oppida - Estremadura (Portugal).
*Turodi - Trás-os-Montes (Portugal) and Galicia (Spain).
*Vaccaei - Central Iberian meseta (Spain).
*Vettones - Ávila and Salamanca (Spain).
*Zoelae - Trás-os-Montes (Portugal).

Great Britain

*Ancalites (Hampshire and Wiltshire, England)
*Attacotti (Scotland or Ireland)
*Atrebates (an important tribe of Southern England)
*Belgae (Wiltshire and Hampshire) - according to some, they may have been Germanic [ [http://www.prospect-magazine.co.uk/article_details.php?id=7817 Myths of British ancestry] ]
*Bibroci (Berkshire, England)
*Brigantes (an important tribe in most of Northern England) and in the south-east corner of Ireland)
*Burnett (Scotland)
*Caereni (far western Highlands)
*Caledones (along the Great Glen)
*Cantiaci (present-day Kent which preserves the ancient tribal name)
*Carnonacae (western Highlands)
*Carvetii (Cumberland)
*Cassi (England)
*Cateni (north and west of Sutherland) - they gace the county its Gaelic name Cataibh
*Catuvellauni (Hertfordshire) - neighbours of the Iceni, they joined in their rebellion
*Corieltauvi (Leicestershire)
*Corionototae (Northumberland)
*Corieltauvi (East Midlands including Leicester)
*Cornovii (Cornish)
*Cornovii (Midlands)
*Cornovii (Caithness)
*Creones (Argyll)
*Deceangli (Flintshire)
*Decantae or Ducantae (eastern Ross and Black Isle)
*Demetae (Dyfed)
*Dobunni (Cotswolds and Severn valley)
*Dumnonii or Damnonii, Domnainn) (Devon, Cornwall, Somerset, Strathclyde, and Connacht) [http://www.templum.freeserve.co.uk/history/celts/damnoni.htm The Damnoni ] ] [ [http://www.familytreedna.com/public/KielySurnameProject/ Kiely Surname Project - Family Project Website ] ] [ [http://www.clarence-webpage.com/AfricanArts/bourne001.html West Africa & The Sea In Antiquity ] ] [ [http://www.rootsweb.com/~irlkik/ihm/ire150.htm Ireland's History in Maps - Ptolemy's Ireland ] ]
*Durotriges (Dorset, south Somerset, south Wiltshire)
*Epidii (Kintyre and neighboring islands)
*Gangani (Llŷn Peninsula)
*Horestiani (Fife, Scotland)
*Iceni (East Anglia) - under Boudica, they rebelled against Roman rule
*Lugi (southern Sutherland)
*Scotti (western portion of Scotland)
*Segontiaci (England)
*Selgovae (north of Dumfries and Galloway)
*Ordovices (Gwynedd) - they waged guerrilla warfare from the north Wales hills
*Parisii (East Riding of Yorkshire and Humberside)
*Regnenses (Hampshire)
*Setantii (Lancashire)
*Silures (Gwent) - also resisted the Romans in present-day south Wales
*Smertae (central Sutherland)
*Taexali (Grampian)
*Trinovantes (Essex) - neighbours of the Iceni, they joined in their rebellion
*Uluti or Volunti (north-east of Ireland and Lancashire - they gave their name to Ulster
*Vacomagi (in and around the Cairngorms)
*Venicones (Fife and south-east Tayside in Scotland
*Votadini (north-east England and south-east Scotland - they later formed Gododdin

Ireland

*Attacotti (Scotland or Ireland)
*Autini
*Brigantes (an important tribe in most of Northern England) and in the south-east corner of Ireland)
*Cauci
*Coriondi
*Darini (northern Ireland)
*Dumnonii or Damnonii, Domnainn) (Devon, Cornwall, Somerset, Strathclyde, and Connacht)
*Eblani
*Gangani
*Herpeditani
*Iverni (County Cork) - Hibernia, the Latin name for Ireland, is believed to derive from this tribe
*Magnate
*Manapii (south of present-day Dublin) - their name is the source of Fermanagh and is cognate with the Menapia (or Manapia), ancient name of Wexford or, according to others, Wicklow
*Robogdii
*Uluti (Volunti, Voluntii) (north-east of Ireland and Lancashire - they gave their name to Ulster
*Velabri
*Vennicnii
*Vodie

Asia Minor/Anatolia

In the third century BC, Gauls immigrated from Thrace into the highlands of central Anatolia (modern Turkey). These people, called Galatians, later merged with the local population but retained many of their own traditions.

ee also

*Illyrians
*Thracians
*Britannia
*Caledonia
*Hibernia
*Scotia
*Iberia
**Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula
**Hispania

Notes

References

* Alberro, Manuel and Arnold, Bettina (eds.), " [http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/ e-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies] , [http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol6/index.html Volume 6: The Celts in the Iberian Peninsula] ", University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Center for Celtic Studies, 2005.


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