Lake Naroch Offensive


Lake Naroch Offensive

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict = Lake Naroch Offensive
partof = the Eastern Front during World War I


caption =
date = March 18 – April 1916
place = Lake Narach, present-day Belarus
result = German victory
combatant1 = flagicon|Russian Empire|size=25px Russian Empire
combatant2 = flagicon|German Empire|size=25px German Empire
commander1 = Alexei Kuropatkin Alexei Evert
commander2 = Hermann von Eichhorn
strength1 = Parts of two army groups (350,000 men, 1,000 guns)
strength2 = Tenth Army (75,000 men, 400 guns)
casualties1 = 100,000
casualties2 = 20,000

The Lake Naroch Offensive was a battle mainly fought in March 1916 to relieve the German pressure against the French at Verdun.

Background

As the French situation there was becoming more and more severe, General Joffre appealed to the other Allies for a diversionary action someplace else in order to compel the Germans to withdraw part of their forces from Verdun.

Nicholas II acceded to the French request, choosing the Lake Narach area in Belarus because there 350,000 Russians (parts of two army groups) faced just 75,000 Germans (X Army under General Eichhorn).

Battle

The Russian initial artillery bombardment was quite long (it lasted two days), but inaccurate, leaving most of the Geman artillry intact, and the Russian troops, who made the mistake of crossing no man's land in groups rather than scattered about, were easy targets for German machine guns. The attackers gained a few kilometers, but did not inflict any serious damage to the German defenses — which were well organized and fortified — although the Russians greatly outnumbered their adversaries.

The Russian offensive petered out in April 1916. All gained territory by the Russians was lost to subsequent German counterattacks.A secondary attack mounted near Riga on March 21 had no better luck.

Results

The whole operation was an utter failure, as it abated the Russians' morale without providing any help to the French.

References

* [http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/lakenaroch.htm The Battle of Lake Naroch, 1916]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lake Narach — Location Minsk Province Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Monastir Offensive — The Macedonian Front in 1916 …   Wikipedia

  • Meuse-Argonne Offensive — Part of the Western Front (World War I) …   Wikipedia

  • Spring Offensive — This article is about the World War I German offensive of 1918. For the 1972 Spring Offensive during the Vietnam War, see Easter Offensive. German Spring Offensive, 1918 Part of the Western Front of World War I …   Wikipedia

  • Brusilov Offensive — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Brusilov Offensive (Брусиловский прорыв) partof = the Eastern Front during World War I caption = The Eastern Front before and during the Brusilov Offensive. date = June 4 – September 20, 1916 place =… …   Wikipedia

  • Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive — Gorlice Tarnów Offensive Part of the Eastern Front during World War I Gorlice Tarnów breakthrough and Russian withdrawal …   Wikipedia

  • Shyaulyay Offensive — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Shyaulyay Offensive caption= partof=Operation Bagration / Eastern Front place=Belorussian SSR and Lithuania date=July 5, 1944 ndash; August 29, 1944 result=Soviet victory combatant1= combatant2=flagicon|USSR… …   Wikipedia

  • Mesopotamian campaign — Part of Middle Eastern theatre (World War I) …   Wikipedia

  • Middle Eastern theatre of World War I — Middle Eastern theatre Part of World War I Gallipoli Campaign, April 191 …   Wikipedia

  • Armenian Genocide — Armenian civilians are marched to a nearby prison i …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.