- Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington
The Right Honourable
name=The Lord Carrington
KG, GCMG, CH, MC, PC, DL
imagesize = 225px
caption = Lord Carrington, as Chancellor of the
Order of the Garter, in procession to St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle
First Lord of the Admiralty
term_start =14 October 1959
term_end =20 October 1963
predecessor =The Earl of Selkirk
successor =The Earl Jellicoe
birth_date =birth date and age|df=yes|1919|06|06
nationality = British
Minister without Portfolio
term_start2=20 October 1963
term_end2=16 October 1964
primeminister2=Sir Alec Douglas-Home
Position was next held by
George Morgan Thomsonin 1968
Leader of the House of Lords
term_start3=20 October 1963
term_end3=16 October 1964
primeminister3=Sir Alec Douglas-Home
predecessor3=The Viscount Hailsham
successor3=The Earl of Longford
Secretary of State for Defence
term_start4=20 June 1970
term_end4=8 January 1974
successor4=Sir Ian Gilmour, Bt.
Secretary of State for Energy
term_end5=4 March 1974
term_start6 =4 May 1979
term_end6 =5 April 1982
order7=Secretary-General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)
term_start7=25 June 1984
term_end7=1 July 1988
Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst
Peter Alexander Rupert Carington , 6th Baron Carrington and Baron Carington of Upton KG, GCMG, CH, MC, PC, DL (born 6 June 1919) is a British Conservative
politicianand served as British Foreign Secretary between 1979 and 1982 and as Secretary-General of NATOfrom 1984 to 1988.
Carrington was educated at Eton, where his fag (a junior boy who acts or acted as servant) was the late
Humphrey Lyttelton, and RMA Sandhurst. In 1938 he succeeded his father as 6th Baron Carrington and took his seat in the House of Lordson his 21st birthday in 1940. During the Second World War he served as a majorin the Grenadier Guardsand was awarded the Military Cross.
After the war Lord Carrington became involved in politics and served in the Conservative administrations of
Winston Churchilland Anthony Edenas Parliamentary Secretaryto the Ministry for Agriculture and Food from November 1951 to October 1954 and to the Ministry of Defence from October 1954 to October 1956. The latter year Carrington was appointed High Commissioner to Australia, a post he held until October 1959.
After his return to Britain he served under
Harold Macmillanas First Lord of the Admiraltyuntil October 1963 and was then Minister without Portfolioand Leader of the House of Lordsunder Sir Alec Douglas-Homeuntil October 1964, when the Conservatives fell from power. From 1964 to 1970 he was Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords. When the Conservatives returned to power in 1970 under Edward Heath, Carrington became Defence Secretary, where he remained until 1974. He also served as Chairman of the Conservative Partyfrom 1972 to 1974, and was briefly Secretary of State for Energyfrom January to March 1974.
Lord Carrington was again Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords from 1974 to 1979. In 1979 he was made
Foreign Secretaryand Minister for Overseas Developmentas part of the first Cabinetof Margaret Thatcher. He chaired the Lancaster House conference in 1979, a wrapup of Zimbabwe's revolutionary war attended by Ian Smith, Abel Muzorewa, Robert Mugabe, Joshua Nkomo, Josiah Tongogarathat paved the way for second elections in February, 1980. He was Foreign Secretary in 1982 when the Falkland Islandswere invaded by Argentina. He took full responsibility for the complacency and failures in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to foresee this development and resigned. Lord Carrington then served as Secretary-General of NATOfrom 1984 to 1988.
In 1991, Lord Carrington presided over diplomatic talks about the breakup of the
Former Yugoslaviaand attempted to pass a plan that would end the wars and result in each republic becoming an independent nation.
Apart from his political posts he is an emeritus Chancellor of the
University of Readingand has served as chairman of several companies, including Christie's, and as a director of many others, including Barclays Bank, Schweppesand the Daily Telegraph. He also chaired the Bilderberg conferences for several years in the late 90s, being succeeded in 1999 by Étienne Davignon. [cite book
id=ISBN 0-679-40588-7] In 1983 he became president of the
Pilgrims Society.cite book
House of Lords Act 1999removed the automatic right of hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords, Carrington (along with all former Leaders of the House of Lords) was given a life peerageas Baron Carington of Upton, of Upton in the County of Nottinghamshire, and therefore still sits in the House of Lords. He is currently the longest serving member of the House of Lords and is the second longest serving member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdomafter the Duke of Edinburgh.
His surname (which the family assumed in 1839 in lieu of Smith) and
life peerageare both spelt Carington (single "r"), and the hereditary peerages are spelt Baron Carrington (double "r").Fact|date=July 2008
*Military Cross, 1945.
*Lord of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, 1959.
*Member of the
Order of the Companions of Honour, 1983.
*Knight Companion of the Most Noble
Order of the Garter, 1985.
*Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished
Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, 1988.
*Life peerage, as Baron Carington of Upton, 1999.
*Medal of Honour for his contribution regarding Serbian war crimes committed against civilians in
Croatia(especially in the Vukovarmassacre and rough displacement of citizens), 1999.
* The Hon. Peter Carington (1919-1938)
* The Rt. Hon. The Lord Carrington (1938-1945)
* The Rt. Hon. The Lord Carrington MC (1945-1959)
* The Rt. Hon. The Lord Carrington MC PC (1959-1983)
* The Rt. Hon. The Lord Carrington CH MC PC (1983-1985)
* The Rt. Hon. The Lord Carrington KG CH MC PC (1985-1988)
* The Rt. Hon. The Lord Carrington KG GCMG CH MC PC (1988-1999)
* The Rt. Hon. The Lord Carrington, Lord Carington of Upton KG GCMG CH MC PC (1999-)
Lord Carrington is also a Deputy-Lieutenant, entitling his to use the post-nominal of "DL". However, there is no evidence detailing when he was appointed such and thus it has not been included on this list.
Lord Carrington married Iona McClean, daughter of Lt.-Colonel Sir Francis Kennedy McClean, on 25 April 1942. They have three children:
* The Hon. Alexandra Carington DL (Norfolk) (1943-); married Major Peter de Bunsen in 1965, becoming The Hon. Mrs Alexandra de Bunsen. They have three children::* Victoria de Bunsen (1968-):* Charles Rupert de Bunsen (1970-):* James Peter de Bunsen (1973-)
* The Hon. Virginia Carington (1946-); married
Henry Cubitt, 4th Baron Ashcombein 1973, becoming Lady Ashcombe. The couple divorced in 1979
* The Hon. Rupert Francis John Carington DL (Buckinghamshire) (1948-) -
heir apparent; married Daniela Diotallevi in 1989. She became The Hon. Mrs Rupert Carington, or Mrs Daniela Carington. They have three children::* Robert Carington (1990-):* Francesca Carington (1993-):* Isabella Iona Carington (1995-)
In popular culture
Carington was portrayed by
James Foxin the 2002 BBCproduction of Ian Curteis's controversial " The Falklands Play".
Further reading: 'Reflect on Things Past - The Memoirs of Lord Carrington'. Published by William Collins, 1988.
* [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld199900/minutes/991117/ldminute.htm Announcement of his taking the oath under his new title at the House of Lords] House of Lords minutes of proceedings, 17 November 1999
* [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/03/26/weu126.xml Lord Carrington's views on the EU from the Daily Telegraph]
* [http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/Contents/book/UK/FHP/Peerage/fhp-CARRINGTON.asp?&string1=carrington Burke's Peerage entry] .
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/uk_politics/04/thatchers_government/html/carrington.stm Thatcher's First Cabinet]
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