- King of Athens
Athenian democracy, the tyrants, and the archons, the city-stateof Athenswas ruled by kings. Most of these are probably mythical or only semi-historical. This list is based on that given by Eusebius of Caesarea.
These two kings were supposed to have ruled before the flood of the
Erechthids or Cecropidae
Cecrops was considered the first true king of Athens, although he was a mythical half-man half-serpent. The dates for the following kings were conjectured centuries later.
Cecrops I1556 - 1506 BC.
Cranaus1506 - 1497 BC.
Amphictyon1497 - 1487 BC.
*Erichthonius 1487 -
Pandion I1437 - 1397 BC.
Erechtheus1397 - 1347 BC.
Cecrops II1347 - 1307 BC.
Pandion II1307 - 1282 BC.
Aegeus1282 - 1234 BC.
Theseus1234 - 1204 BC. (or 1213 BC).
Menestheus1204 - 1181 BC (or 1213 - 1191 BC).
*Demophon 1181 - 1147 BC.
Oxyntes1147 - 1135 BC.
Apheidas1135 - 1134 BC.
Thymoetes1134 - 1126 BC.
Melanthids or Codridae
Melanthus1126 - 1089 BC.
Codrus1089 - 1068 BC.
After Codrus's death, his heirs ceased to be kings, and became hereditary
archons. In 753 BCthe hereditary archonship was replaced by a non-hereditary system (see Archons of Athens).
* Felix J., "Die Attische Königsliste," Klio 3 (1902), 406-439.
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