Slovak nationality law

Slovak nationality law
Coat of Arms of Slovakia.svg

Slovak nationality law is based on the principles of Jus sanguinis. Slovak citizenship is primarily acquired on the basis of descent from a Slovak parent, rather than birth in the territory of Slovakia.


Acquisition of Slovak citizenship - 1 January 1993

Prior to 1993, the Slovak Republic was part of the former state of Czechoslovakia. However, since 1968 most Slovaks had held citizenship of the Slovak Republic alongside Czechoslovak citizenship.

At the time (and up to 1993), Slovak citizenship was simply an internal distinction within Czechoslovakia. However, at the formation of the independent Slovak Republic on 1 January 1993, this was the basis for conferral of citizenship of the Slovak Republic upon citizens of Czechoslovakia

A citizen of Czechoslovakia as of 31 December 1992 who was not a citizen of the Slovak Republic had one year from that date to apply for Slovak citizenship. This generally caused loss of Czech citizenship.

Citizenship by birth and adoption

Slovak citizenship is acquired based on birth to a Slovak parent, whether the child is born in the Slovak Republic or elsewhere.

Persons born in the Slovak Republic to non-Slovak parents do not acquire Slovak citizenship unless the child would otherwise be stateless.

Children adopted by a Slovak citizen may be granted Slovak citizenship.

Citizenship by naturalisation

A person may be naturalised as a Slovak citizen based on:

  • 8 years residence in the Slovak Republic as a permanent resident
  • ability to speak the Slovak language
  • good character of the individual
  • in some circumstances, proof of having lost or renounced any other citizenship may be required

Exceptions to the residence requirements can be made in the case of:

  • persons married to a Slovak citizen (after 5 years of marriage); and
  • cases where a "great benefit to the Slovak Republic" is at stake
  • certain former citizens of Czechoslovakia

Children aged under 18 may be naturalised at the same time as a parent, however consent of both parents is normally required.

Loss of Slovak citizenship

Although the involuntary loss of citizenship is constitutionaly prohibited, it can still occur on voluntary acquisition of another citizenship (with certain exceptions). It is also possible to formally renounce Slovak citizenship.

On 26 May 2010 the Slovak parliament started the fast-track procedure of a rule stating that a Slovak citizen who takes steps to voluntarily obtain citizenship of another country will lose the Slovak citizenship.[1] On 1 June 2010 the President of the Slovak Republic signed an amendment to the Citizenship Act, making a voluntary application for an alternate citizenship (baring specific exceptions below) a cause for Slovak nationals to be stripped of their citizenship. [1]

Dual citizenship

Dual citizenship is not generally permitted (with certain exceptions). Dual citizenship is only permitted in cases where a person acquired an additional nationality at birth or through marriage.

The text of this legislation is not intended to act retroactively, therefore those who previously voluntarily acquired a foreign nationality would not suffer the loss of their Slovak nationality.

See also


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Czech nationality law — The citizenship law of the Czech Republic is based on the principles of Jus sanguinis or right by blood . In other words, descent from a Czech parent is the primary method of acquiring Czech citizenship (together with naturalisation). Birth on… …   Wikipedia

  • Nationality Rooms — Coordinates: 40°26′40″N 79°57′12″W / 40.444426°N 79.953423°W / 40.444426; 79.953423 …   Wikipedia

  • History of Czechoslovak nationality — The history of Czechoslovak nationality involves the rise and fall of national feeling among Czechs and Slovaks. Once forming a rather unified group, they were historically separated, unified under a democratic system, separated during threat of… …   Wikipedia

  • international law — the body of rules that nations generally recognize as binding in their conduct toward one another. Also called law of nations. Cf. private international law, public international law. [1830 40] * * * Body of legal rules, norms, and standards that …   Universalium

  • Multiple citizenship — Legal status of persons Concepts Citizenship Immigration Illegal immigration Nationality Naturalization Leave to Remain Statelessness Designations …   Wikipedia

  • Dissolution of Czechoslovakia — History of Czechoslovakia This article is part of a series Origins …   Wikipedia

  • The Slavs in America —     The Slavs in America     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Slavs in America     The Slavic races have sent large numbers of their people to the United States and Canada, and this immigration is coming every year in increasing numbers. The… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jus sanguinis — (Latin for right of blood ) is a social policy by which nationality or citizenship is not determined by place of birth, but by having an ancestor who is a national or citizen of the state. It contrasts with jus soli (Latin for right of soil ).At… …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of Hungary — 1715 2008 Historic estimates and censuses for the total population in the territory of present day Hungary. Population: 9,986,000 (2011) Growth rate: 4‰ (2010) …   Wikipedia

  • Hungarians in Slovakia — Hungarians or Magyars are the largest ethnic minority of Slovakia, numbering 520,528 people or 9.7% of population (2001 census). They are mostly concentrated in the southern part of the country, near the border with Hungary, and they form… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.