Nayagarh


Nayagarh
Nayagarh
—  city  —
Nayagarh
Location of Nayagarh
in Orissa and India
Coordinates 20°08′N 85°06′E / 20.13°N 85.1°E / 20.13; 85.1Coordinates: 20°08′N 85°06′E / 20.13°N 85.1°E / 20.13; 85.1
Country India
State Orissa
District(s) Nayagarh
Population 14,311 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area

Elevation


178 metres (584 ft)

Nayagarh(ନୟାଗଡ) is a town and a notified area committee in Nayagarh district in the Indian state of Orissa. It is the headquarters of Nayagarh district.

Contents

Geography

Nayagarh is located at 20°08′N 85°06′E / 20.13°N 85.1°E / 20.13; 85.1.[1] It has an average elevation of 178 metres (583 feet). This town has Rukhi mountain to the south and Balaram mountain in north.These mountains mitigated the effects of the 1999 Orissa cyclone on Nayagarh.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[2] Nayagarh had population of 962,215 of which male and female were 502,194 and 460,021 respectively. There was change of 11.30 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Nayagarh District recorded increase of 10.46 percent to its population compared to 1991.

The initial provisional data suggest a density of 247 in 2011 compared to 222 of 2001. Total area under Nayagarh district is of about 3,890 sq.km.

Average literacy rate of Nayagarh in 2011 were 79.17 compared to 70.52 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 86.63 and 71.08 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 82.66 and 57.64 in Nayagarh District. Total literate in Nayagarh District were 681,522 of which male and female were 387,632 and 293,890 respectively. In 2001, Nayagarh District had 529,840 in its total region.

With regards to Sex Ratio in Nayagarh, it stood at 916 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 938. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per latest reports of Census 2011 Directorate.

In census enumeration, data regarding child under 0-6 age were also collected for all districts including Nayagarh. There were total 101,337 children under age of 0-6 against 113,180 of 2001 census. Of total 101,337 male and female were 54,759 and 46,578 respectively. Child Sex Ratio as per census 2011 was 851 compared to 904 of census 2001. In 2011, Children under 0-6 formed 10.53 percent of Nayagarh District compared to 13.09 percent of 2001. There was net change of -2.56 percent in this compared to previous census of India.

Nayagarh District population constituted 2.29 percent of total Orissa population. In 2001 census, this figure for Nayagarh District was at 2.29 percent of Orissa population.

History

Birth history of Nayagarh in the thirteenth century is an important chapter in the political history of Orissa. Suryamani of Baghela dynasty came to Puri on a pilgrimage from "Rewa"of Madhya Pradesh and established his kingdom at Nayagarh. On the way to Puri, Both Suryamani and his brother Chandramani took rest at night at Gunanati. The area was full of tigers and at night a tiger attacked him. Both the brothers fought the tiger and killed it. The local people praised the brave brothers and elected Suramani as their leader. Suryamani gradually built his fort at Gunanati and married a Mali girl. After the death of his first wife he again married a Kshyatriya girl. From there, he then attacked Haripur and Ralaba. Ralaba was a very beautiful place. While sleeping a tiger attacked him at Ralaba he again fought and killed it. At that moment he saw a lady with an empty pot passed by to fetch water. Astonishingly, she returned with a little boy. Immediately, Suryamani obstructed the way of that lady and wanted to know about the mystery. The lady told she was Bouri Thakurani (a local worshiped goddess) and the tiger that the king killed was the boy. She advised Suryamani to kill her and worship her as his deity. From that date Suryamani worshiped "Bauri Thakurani" at Ralaba and built his fort there and adopted Tiger Head as a state symbol.

Ninth king of this dynasty "Bagel Singh" (1480–1510) came on a hunting to a place in between Rukshi and Balaram mountains and saw a wonderful sight that a rabbit pressed down a dog there. After seeing this he selected and shifted his capital to this place. As per his name this place was known as "Baghua Nayagarh". The place where such an event occurred is now known as "KukurTasara".

12th King of Nayagarh Raghunath Sing (1565–1595) was highly powerful. During this time Muslims had already captured Orissa and the atmosphere of the coastal Orissa was fully indiscipline. Last independent king Mukunda Dev (1565) was defeated in Gohritikira and died. By taking the advantages of the political situations of coastal Orissa, Raghunath Singh attacked Ranapur and captured Odagaon, Sarankul and Baunsiapara area from Ranapur estate and dispossessed Nayagarh-Daspalla border area from the King of Boudh and Sunamuhin area of Odgaon from the King of Ghumusar. He also captured a portion from Banpur. Before death, Ragunath Singh divided his estate between his three sons. Harihar Singh was in possession of Nayagarh and Jadunath Singh got four Khandagrams (large area of land) which was known as Khandapada later. Gadadhar Singh was the son of Harihar Singh. When he was engaged in a fight with Ranpur estate the king of Ghumusar attacked Nayagarh. Pindik Patsahani of village Sunalati with 150 soldiers fought the great army of Ghumusar and defeated him. But, in subsequent war he was captured by the enemy and sacrificed his life. Gadadhar Sing's daughter married the great poet Upendra Bhanja of Ghumusar who settled at Malisahi of Nayagarh estate after marriage. When British captured Orissa, Binayak Singh was the King of Nayagarh and the great Jadumani was his poet.

Politics

Current MLA and Deputy Chief Whip, Govt. Orissa is Sj. Arun Kumar Sahoo of who won the seat for the second term in State elections in 2009. Previous MLAs from this seat were Arun Kumar Sahoo (2004–2009), Bhagabat Behera who won this seat representing BJD in 2000, representing JD in 1990, representing JNP in 1985 and 1977, Sitakanta Mishra of INC in 1995, Bansidhar Sahoo of INC(I) in 1980.[3]

Nayagarh was a part of Bhubaneswar (Lok Sabha constituency).[4] And after delimination it is part of Puri loksabha constituencey from 2009.

Educational Institutes

Maharsi vidya Mandir(MVM),Nayagarh

Maharishi Vidya Mandir,Nayagarh

This grand educational institute was established in 11 May 1991 at New Rajabati road.An advanced and quintessential school with vedic science as base and scientific knowledge as approach has set a benchmark in education in Nayagarh. Ms.Annapurna Ray is the present principal of the school.

N.A.C High School

This is one of the oldest schools of Nayagarh. This high school is located at old town road and this school has a strength of more than 500 students and 17 teachers and offers classes from VI to X.

Brajendra High School

Brajendra High School is the oldest high school in Nayagarh.It is named after Raja Brajendra Kishore Singh Mandhata, Raja Saheb of Nayagarh (erstwhile king) of Nayagarh.The school is situated near the Government Hospital and beside the Head Post Office. Initially it was a boys high school but later it became a co school.

DAV Public School

It is one of the newest schools in the town Nayagarh.Presently it is one of the most eminient DAV schools in Nayagarh.Highly qualified for studies and achievement in district level. Present principal:- Mrs.Sabita Panda.Manager:- Mr.Abhaya kumar Pradhan .

Saraswati Vidya Mandir

It is one of the oldest schools among private high schools established in 1994 with some 50 students and 8 teachers.Now it is the leading private institution with about 1200 plus students and the district head-quarter for numbers of branches in different blocks all over the district.It is now situated near Nabhaghanpur at a 5 minute distance from the town.

COLLEGE

Nayagarh Autonomus College

Nayagarh Autonomus College

In the year 1961,the then S.D.O. Sri Bhramarabar Jena took the initiative to establish the college.With generous charities of land from the endowments of Sri Gopinath Jew; Her Majesty the Queen of the erstwhile princely state of Nayagarh; the Forest Department; the then Eastern zone Command Base (now the Police Training School, Nayagarh) and numerous small-land owners, the college came into existence on a Sylvan surrounding at the foot of the Rukhi Range on the 9th July 1961. To name a few who will be long remembered for their valuable contribution and active role are Shri Akrura Mohapatra, Advocate; Shri Raghunath Mohapatra, renowned Agriculturist, Shri Narasingha Pattnaik, Advocate; Shri Raghunath Das, first NAC Chairman of Nayagarh and a Social activist; Shri Achhutananda Mohanty, ExMLA, Nayagarah; Shri Rajkishore Pattnaik, Poet; Shri Rajkishore Pattnaik, Advocate; Shri Jaladhar Behera, Advocate; Shri Krishna Chandra Satpathy, Advocate and Sri Benudhar Mohapatra,Agriculturist.

The infrastructure includes the massive two storied Academic Building that houses all the Arts, Commerce and Science Departments and laboratories, office rooms for both the wings of N.C.C.,N.S.S and Youth Red Cross. The Administrative Block includes Central office and Examination Section, The Library building houses Reading Room, Three hostels (Two Gents’ and one Girls’), 10 Staff Quorters and a Spacious Play ground with 400 mt track are the added attractions of our College. Gents’ hostel has been named after the noted poet, Kabi Jadumani, while the other has been named after the world famous Astrophysicist Pathani Samanta, the worthy son of Khandapada. The Women's’ hostel has been named after the woman freedom fighter, Malati Choudhury. Besides its own water supply system on the Sprawling Campus, other amenities of the College include Open Air Auditorium, Canteen, Guest house, Health Centre, cycleshed, post office, and NCC Firing Range.The college Library has a total stock of 35,139 books (under graduate and Higher Secondary) including 16, 309 reference books and 4,910 books in the Book Bank, subscription to 29 journals and periodicals, Reading Room facility for the teachers and the students, circulation facility, clipping facility, audio-visual facility and internet access. The cataloguing system is fully computerised.The college came into UGC fold in July 1964 under 2(f) and subsequently under 12 (B). Since then the UGC has been providing adequate financial assistance for promotion of academic activities as well as for the development of infrastructure. The college has recently been declared an Autonomous College by the UGC w.e.f. from the session 2006-07.

[Nayagarh College, Nayagarh]

Cuisines

Nayagarh is famous for the popular sweet dish Chhenapoda, which means 'burnt cheese' in Oriya.Pithas are enjoyed on traditional holidays, while savory pithas are more common at other times of the year. Natives of Nayagarh and in other regions like Daspalla, Madhyakhanda and Gholahandi prepare Manda Pitha, Chakuli pitha, poda Pitha , Arisha Pitha, Kakra Pitha on different Hindu Festival.Pakhal is very popular in Nayagarh.

References


www.eodissa.com


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