- Portishead Railway
The Portishead Railway was a branch line
railwayrunning from Portishead in Somersetto the Great Western Main Linein Bristol, England.Awdry, Page 19] It was constructed in the 1860s by the Bristol & Portishead Pier and Railway, which was incorporated to build a pierand a convert|10|mi|km RailGauge|84 broad gaugelink to the Bristol and Exeter Railwayat Bedminster Down. The line closed to regular traffic in 1964, and is currently only used by freight trains from the Great Western Main Line junction at Parson Street to the Royal Portbury Docks, via a new spur built in 2000/2.
The line opened on
12 July 1867and was extended to the docks on 5 July 1879. In 1876 Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Great Western Railway(GWR) took over the Bristol and Exeter Railway and operated the Bristol & Portishead Pier & Railway for 40 percent of the receipts.
1 July 1885the GWR bought the Portishead Railway and it became a branch line of the GWR to serve the pier and dock at Portishead, from which Brunel's steamshipssailed to North America. In 1880 it was converted from the GWR's RailGauge|84 "broad gauge" to standard gauge. Passenger services were discontinued in 1964 as part of the Beeching Axe, and freight was discontinued in 1981, but the railway was not dismantled.
In 1985 a series of steam excursions ran along the line as part of the "GW150" celebrations. This is thought to be the last commercial use before the line was rebuilt.
The railway branches from the mainline at
Bedminster/ Ashton Gatein south Bristol and runs north along the south west bank of the River Avon. The first station was Ashton Gate, opened 1906, followed by Clifton Bridge, half a mile south of the Clifton Suspension Bridge, near the Cumberland Basin and modern Brunel Way road. In the Avon Gorgethe railway runs through a short tunnel where the Clifton Suspension Bridgeruns overhead. In 1928 a halt was opened at Nightingale Valley, a footpath which leads up to the Leigh Woodssuburb of Bristol, but this was closed four years later. The railway then crosses the flood plains south of the Avon estuary on an embankment, passes through another short tunnel and across a viaduct at Pill. Ham Green Halt, serving a now demolished hospital just east of Pill, opened in 1926. There were then stations at Pill, and Portbury. From there the line then runs west to Portishead.
In the 1920s a second Portishead Station was built to serve a planned shipyard, though this was never built and the station soon closed. In 1954 the original Portishead station was demolished, to provide space for the second
Portishead power station, and a new station constructed in a new location, lasting only a decade before the line stopped carrying passengers.
Reopening of the line
Between 2000 and 2002 the railway was repaired as far as Pill, and a short spur constructed to the
Royal Portbury Dockto transport freight, at a cost of £21 million.
Local politicians and organisations have been campaigning to have the remaining 3.3
miles (5.3 km) repaired and a new station constructed at Portishead. The coastal town largely serves as a dormitory town for Bristolworkers, and the main route into the city, a single carriageway, the A369, is often unable to cope with the volume of commuter traffic. When current construction work is completed Portishead will be the largest settlement in the country without a link to the rail network.Fact|date=October 2008 The Department for Transportcurrently do not support the proposals, estimating the costs to be too high at £17 million, and because of scheduling complications due to its use by freight trains. The 2006-2011 Joint Local Transport Planreserves £1 million for the project.
The route is currently served by both English Welsh & Scottish Railway and Freightliner services. The major freight flows along the line are bulk coal and newly delivered vehicles. All services are operated by
* Awdry, Christopher, (1990). "Encylopaedia of British Railway Companies". London: Guild Publishing.
* Portishead Railway Group, 2006. " [http://www.portisheadrailwaygroup.org/index.html History of the Portishead Railway] ." Accessed
* [http://www.theyworkforyou.com/debates/?id=2005-01-24.134.0&m=841 Transcript of House of Commons debate on reopening the railway, 24 January 2005]
* [http://www.greaterbristoltransportplan.org Local Transport Plan] (Ch 3, P 51)
* [http://www.portisheadrailwaygroup.org/index.html Portishead Railway Group]
* [http://www.cotch.net/special:search.php?key=Portishead_Railway Photographs of the Portishead Railway]
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