- Former Qin
The Former Qin (zh-cp|c=前秦|p=Qiánqín;
351- 394) was a stateof the Sixteen Kingdomsin China. Founded by the Fufamily of the Di ethnicity, it completed the unification of North China in 376. Its capital had been Xi'anup to the death of the ruler Fu Jiān. Please note that, despite its name, the Former Qin was much later and less powerful than the Qin Dynastywhich ruled all of China during the 3rd century BCE.
The defeat of the Former Qin in the
Battle of Feiand the subsequent uprisings split the Former Qin territory into two noncontiguous pieces after the death of Fu Jiān: one located at present day Taiyuan, Shanxiand was soon overwhelmed in 386by the Xianbeiunder the Later Yanand the Dingling. The other struggled in its greatly reduced territories around the border of present day Shaanxiand Gansuuntil disintegration in 394under years of invasions by the Western Qinand the Later Qin.
All rulers of the Former Qin proclaimed themselves "
Emperor" except for Fu Jiān, who claimed the title "Heavenly Prince" (" Tian Wang") but was posthumoustly considered an emperor.
Rulers of the Former Qin
Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations "Chinese convention: use family and given names" Gaozu (高祖 Gāozǔ) Jingming (景明 Jǐngmíng) Fu Jiàn(苻健 Fú Jiàn) 351- 355 "Huangshi (皇始 Huángshǐ)" 351- 355 Did not exist King Li (厲王 Lìwáng) ¹ Fu Sheng(苻生 Fú Shēng) 355- 357 "Shouguang (壽光 Shòuguāng)" 355- 357 Shizu (世祖 Shìzǔ) Xuanzhao (宣昭 Xuānzhāo) Fu Jiān(苻堅 Fú Jiān) 357- 385 "Yongxing (永興 Yǒngxīng)" 357- 359
"Ganlu (甘露 Gānlù)"
"Jianyuan (建元 Jiànyuán)"
365- 385 Did not exist Aiping (哀平 āipíng) Fu Pi(苻丕 Fú Pī) 385- 386 "Taian (太安 Tàiān)" 385- 386 Taizong (太宗 Tàizōng) Gao (高 Gāo) Fu Deng(苻登 Fú Dēng) 386- 394 "Taichu (太初 Tàichū)" 386- 394 Did not exist Houzhu (後主 Hòuzhǔ) Fu Chong(苻崇 Fú Chóng) several months in 394 "Yanchu (延初 Yán Chū)" 394
¹ Fu Sheng was posthumously given the title "wang" even though he had reigned as emperor.
Fu Jian (disambiguation)
Battle of Fei
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