Taximeter


Taximeter

A taximeter is a mechanical or electronic device installed in taxicabs that calculates passenger fares based on a combination of distance travelled and waiting time. It is the shortened form of this word that gives the "taxi" its name.

History

The modern taximeter was invented by German Wilhelm Bruhn in 1891, and the Daimler Victoria—the world's first meter-equipped (and gasoline-powered) taxicab—was built by Gottlieb Daimler in 1897.

Taximeters were originally mechanical and mounted outside the cab, above the driver's side front wheel. Meters were soon relocated inside the taxi, and in the 1980s electronic meters were introduced, doing away with the once-familiar ticking sound of the meter's timing mechanism.

In some locations, taxicabs display a small illuminated sign indicating if they are free. In Argentina, this sign is called a "banderita" (little flag), a carryover term from the days of mechanical taximeters, in which a little flag was turned to wind up the mechanism. The flag would be hidden at the start of a trip and moved to the visible position at the end.

Accessories and Features

Taximeters can include several accessories, or act as components in larger dispatching/control systems. Features include:
* Ticket/receipt printer
* Fraud control and prevention (on the part of the owner or operator), through the impression of control tickets or computer monitoring. Additionally, taximeters are often visually sealed by a municipal weights and scales authority after initial calibration.
* Radio communication, allowing trip status to be monitored by a dispatcher or supervisor.
* Dispatching of trip assignments through radio or data systems.
* Interaction with GPS systems to assist with dispatching & to provide security.
* Seat sensors that detect the presence of a passenger (to prevent a cab from carrying fares without activating the taximeter)
* Credit or prepaid card support

Work cycle

During normal operation, taximeters repeat cyclically through several stages:

* Free (or For Hire in UK): The taxicab is empty and available for hire. The luminous sign, if present, is switched on.
* Occupied (or Hired): The taximeter enters in this stage at the start of the trip and the "Free" sign is extinguished. In this stage the running fare and the present tariff are displayed. Additional information that can be displayed in this mode includes extras (e.g. credits for luggage), present time, speed, etc.
* To Pay (or Stopped in UK): At the end of the trip, the driver enters this stage to collect payment, make change, and optionally print a receipt. The exterior roof light may also blink to alert potential passengers.

ee also

* Taxicab
* Mobile data terminal
* Odometer
* Speedometer
* Tachometer


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • taximeter — n. 1. a meter in a taxi that registers the fare (based on the length of the ride). [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • taximeter — ► NOUN ▪ a device used in taxis that automatically records the distance travelled and the fare payable. ORIGIN French taximètre, from taxe tariff + mètre meter …   English terms dictionary

  • taximeter — [tak′sē mēt΄ər] n. [Fr taximètre, altered (infl. by Gr taxis: see TAXIS) < taxamètre < Ger taxameter < ML taxa, TAX + meter, METER] an automatic device in taxicabs that computes and registers the fare due …   English World dictionary

  • taximeter — noun Etymology: French taximètre, modification of German Taxameter, from Medieval Latin taxa tax, charge (from taxare to tax) + German meter Date: 1894 an instrument for use in a hired vehicle (as a taxicab) for automatically showing the fare due …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • taximeter — /tak see mee teuhr/, n. a device fitted to a taxicab or other vehicle, for automatically computing and indicating the fare due. [1885 90; < F taximètre, equiv. to taxe TAX + i I + mètre METER; r. earlier taxameter < G, equiv. to Taxa ( < ML: tax …   Universalium

  • taximeter — noun a device installed in a taxicab that calculates the fare based upon distance travelled and waiting time …   Wiktionary

  • taximeter — instrument for measuring fee for hired vehicle Scientific Instruments …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • taximeter — n. device in taxicabs to register fare due …   English contemporary dictionary

  • taximeter — [ taksɪmi:tə] noun a device used in taxis that automatically records the distance travelled and the fare payable. Origin C19: from Fr. taximètre, from taxe tariff , from taxer to tax + mètre (instrument) measuring …   English new terms dictionary

  • taximeter — tax·i·me·ter …   English syllables


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.