Clavinet


Clavinet
Clavinet
Clavinet d6.jpg
Keyboard instrument
Other names Clav, Clavi
Classification
Playing range
F1 – E6
Related instruments
Cembalet, Pianet, Duo, Clavichord
Builders
Hohner

A Clavinet is an electrically amplified keyboard instrument manufactured by the Hohner company. It is essentially an electronically amplified clavichord, analogous to an electric guitar. Its distinctive bright staccato sound has appeared particularly in funk, disco, rock, and reggae songs.

Various models were produced over the years, including the models I, II, L, C, D6, and E7. Most models consist of 60 keys and 60 associated strings, giving it a five-octave range from F1 to E6.

Each key uses a small rubber tip to perform a "hammer on" (forcefully fret the string) to a guitar-type string when it is pressed, as with a conventional clavichord. The end of each string farthest from the pickups passes through a weave of yarn. When the key is released, the yarn makes the string immediately stop vibrating. This mechanism is completely different from the other Hohner keyboard products, the Cembalet and Pianet, which use the principle of plectra or sticky pads plucking metal reeds.

Most Clavinets have two sets of pickups, which are positioned above and below the strings. The Clavinet has pickup selector switches, and a guitar-level output which can be patched to a guitar amp. Early Clavinet models featured single-coil pickups; the D6 introduced a six-core pickup design.

Originally the instrument was designed for home use and aimed at playing early European classical and folk music. The Clavinet L, introduced in 1968 was a domestic model and featured a wood-veneered triangular body with wooden legs, reverse-colour keys and an acrylic glass music stand. The final E7 model saw the culmination of several engineering improvements to make the instrument more suitable for use in live amplified rock music, where its use had become commonplace. By 1982 however, the Hohner corporation had ceased production of the Clavinet. The "Clavinet DP" name was applied by Hohner to a range of Japanese-made digital pianos during the late 1980s. These instruments were designed for the home market and made no attempt to emulate any characteristics of the true Clavinet. In 2000 Hohner disassociated themselves from the Clavinet completely by unloading their spare parts inventory to restoration website Clavinet.com.

The Clavinet C, used on Stevie Wonder's Superstition.
The Clavinet D6, the most popular model, introduced in 1971.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clavinet — D6 Le Clavinet est un piano électrique de la firme allemande Hohner. Ernst Zacharias en est l inventeur. Sommaire 1 Principe et fonctionnement …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clavinet — Clavinet,   elektromechanisches Tasteninstrument; entwickelt u. a. von Ernst Zacharias und seit Mitte der Sechzigerjahre produziert von Hohner, Trossingen. Das Clavinet wurde von zahlreichen Keyboardern aufgrund seines spitzen und »knackigen«… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Clavinet d6 — Oben: Ein Hohner Clavinet D6; unten: ein Fender Rhodes Ein Clavinet ist ein analoges, elektro mechanisches Tasteninstrument mit 60 Tasten und wurde von Hohner in Deutschland gebaut. Der Klang ähnelt dem eines Cembalos. Das als „Electronisches… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clavinet — Oben: Ein Hohner Clavinet D6; unten: ein Fender Rhodes Ein Clavinet ist ein analoges, elektro mechanisches Tasteninstrument mit 60 Tasten und wurde von Hohner in Deutschland gebaut. Der Klang ähnelt dem eines Cembalos. Das als „Electronisches… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clavinet — El Clavinet D6, el modelo más popular, introducido en 1971. Un clavinet es un instrumento musical de cuerdas percutidas inventado por el luthier alemán Ernst Zacharias y fabricado por la compañía Hohner. Es esencialmente un clavicordio… …   Wikipedia Español

  • clavinet — noun An electrophonic keyboard instrument, an electronically amplified clavichord with a distinctive bright staccato sound …   Wiktionary

  • clavinet — /klævəˈnɛt/ (say klavuh net) noun an electronic instrument similar in concept to a harpsichord. {trademark} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Hohner Clavinet — Clavinet Clavinet D6 Le Clavinet est un piano électrique de la firme allemande Hohner. Ernst Zacharias en est l inventeur. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hohner Clavinet — Oben: Ein Hohner Clavinet D6; unten: ein Fender Rhodes Ein Clavinet ist ein analoges, elektro mechanisches Tasteninstrument mit 60 Tasten und wurde von Hohner in Deutschland gebaut. Der Klang ähnelt dem eines Cembalos. Das als „Electronisches… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Электрическое фортепиано — Не следует путать с электронное фортепиано. Нео Бехштейн (1929)[1] …   Википедия


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