- Japanese aircraft carrier Shōhō
"Shōhō" (Japanese: 祥鳳 "shōhō", meaning "auspicious phoenix") was an
aircraft carrierof the Imperial Japanese Navy, the lead shipof her class. She and her sister ship "Zuihō" were laid down in 1934 with a flexible design that could be completed as an oil tanker, submarine tender, or aircraft carrier as needed. "Shōhō" was launched in 1935 as the submarine tender "Tsurugisaki".cite ref |url="http://www.history.navy.mil/download/car-7.pdf" |title="Evolution of Aircraft Carriers: THE JAPANESE DEVELOPMENTS" |accessdate=2008-08-26] She began to be converted to an aircraft carrier in 1940 and she was renamed "Shōhō" on 26 January 1942.
World War II, she joined Carrier Division 4 under the command of Captain Izawa Ishinosukeon 30 November 1941. Her aircraft complement consisted of 16 Mitsubishi A6M"Zero" fighters and 14 Aichi D3A"Val" dive bombers.
In April 1942 she was assigned to Operation MO, the invasion of
Port Moresbyin New Guinea, sailing with the cruisers "Aoba", "Kinugasa", "Furutaka", and "Kako" of Cruiser Division 6 under the command of Rear Admiral Aritomo Gotō.
After covering the landings on
Tulagion 3 May 1942she entered the Coral Sea. In the battle of the Coral Seaon 7 May 1942she was attacked at 07:55 by fifty-three scout-bombers, twenty-two torpedo planes and eighteen fighters from USS "Lexington" and USS "Yorktown"--a force whose intended target had been the two Japanese fleet carriers. Hit by seven torpedoes and thirteen bombs, she foundered quickly, sinking at 08:35 with the loss of 631 men. Captain Izawa and 202 men were rescued by the destroyer "Sazanami".
"Shōhō" was the first Japanese aircraft carrier to be sunk in the
As Submarine Tender
Chief Equipping Officer - Capt. Miki Otsuka - 7 October 1935 - 1 December 1936
Chief Equipping Officer - Capt. Ko Higuchi - 1 December 1936 - 15 December 1938
Chief Equipping Officer - Capt. Tsunekichi Fukuzawa - 15 December 1938 - 15 January 1939
Capt. Tsunekichi Fukuzawa - 15 January 1939 - 15 November 1939
Capt. Jotaro Ito - 15 November 1939 - 15 November 1940
Capt. Takatsugu Jojima - 15 November 1940 - 8 August 1941
Capt. Chozaemon Obata - 8 August 1941 - 1 October 1941
Chief Equipping Officer - Capt. Ishinosuke Izawa - 1 October 1941 - 30 November 1941
Capt. Ishinosuke Izawa - 30 November 1941 - 7 May 1942
* [http://www.combinedfleet.com/shoho.htm Tabular record of movement] from [http://www.combinedfleet.com/ combinedfleet.com]
* [http://www.geocities.com/jwarship/Shoho.html Japanese Warships-Shoho]
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