- Sepia tone
Sepia tone refers to the coloring of a black and white photographic print or motion picture film that has been toned with a sepia toner to simulate the faded brownish color of some early photographs. This process can be simulated using a computer and digital photo-editing software.
Beginning in the
1880s, sepia was produced by adding a pigment made from the Sepia cuttlefish, found in the English channel[Sepia officinalis, the Common Cuttlefish, http://www.thecephalopodpage.org/Soffic.php] to the positive print of a photograph. The chemical process involved converts any remaining metallic silverto a sulphidewhich is much more resistant to breakdown over time. This is why many old photographs are sepia toned—those are the ones that have survived until today.
Although sepia toning began as a
printingmethod, today it is seen as a genre, much like black and whitephotography.
Digital sepia tones
Sepia can be produced in many
digital cameras and camcorders, or it can be produced in the digital darkroom.
Software, such as Photoshop or
The GIMP, offers control over the sepia achieved (there is no single color known as “sepia”—the term covers a range of yellowand brownmixtures). Simpler photo-editing software usually has an option to sepia tone an image in one step.
softwaretends to implement sepia tones using the duotonefeature.
Adoberecommends setting "Hue = 27 and Saturation = 21" and checking the Colorize box in the Hue/Saturation filter in Photoshop[cite web
title = How To: Create sepia toned images
url = http://support.adobe.com/devsup/devsup.nsf/docs/52576.htm
accessdate = 2007-03-17]
The sample photographs below show the process of digitally removing color from a photograph, then converting the black and white image to sepia-tone.
The following are real examples of the three types:
Sepia tones in pop culture
Sepia-toned images are associated with period photography of the 1800s and "that old-time feel". Many photographs of the American
Old Westwere recorded in sepia tones, particularly Edward Weston's photos of Carmel.
The Kansas scenes in "The Wizard of Oz" were in sepia tone, until
Technicolortakes over in the land of Oz.
Photographic print toning
List of software palettes— Color gradient palettes section
* [http://landscapephoto.us/Articles/DigitalBlackAndWhite.html#Sepia Sepia toning in Photoshop]
* [http://www.gimpguru.org/Tutorials/SepiaToning/ Sepia toning] in the
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
sepia tone — a black and white image that has been converted to a sepia tone or color (a brownish gray to a dark olive brown) in order to enhance the dramatic effect and/or create an antique appearance Example: the black and white print for Cabin in the… … Glossary of cinematic terms
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