The term ex-ex-gay is used to describe people who at one time participated in the
ex-gaymovement in an attempt to change their sexual orientationto heterosexual, but who then later went on to publicly accept that their sexual orientationfalls under the LGBTumbrella. Ex-ex-gay people may publicly declare to have ended the attempt to change their sexual orientation to heterosexuality, and to have embraced their sexual orientation as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or queer.
Organizations in the ex-gay movement such as
Exodus Internationaloffer conversion therapy, with the claim that an LGBT person's involvement in the programming can change their sexual orientation to heterosexual. This type of programming is opposed by many major medical organizations, including The National Association of Social Workers, The American Psychological Association, The American Psychiatric Association, The American Counseling Association, and The American Academy of Pediatrics. [ [http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbc/publications/justthefacts.html Just the Facts About Sexual Orientation & Youth: A Primer for Principals, Educators and School Personnel] 1999, American Psychological Association] The American Psychiatric Associationdescribes conversion therapy as ineffective at changing sexual orientation, and as harmful to the LGBT person's well-being [http://www.psych.org/psych_pract/copptherapyaddendum83100.cfm Position Statement on Therapies Focused on Attempts to Change Sexual Orientation.] [http://www.apa.org/topics/orientation.html American Psychiatric Association - Q and A format] Those who renounce the ex-gay movement often go one step further in describing these methods, referring to them as brainwashing.
Three publicly ex-ex-gay people are
Günter Baum, Peterson Toscanoand Christine Bakke. In April 2007 Toscano and Bakke founded Beyond Ex-Gay, an on-line resource for ex-ex gays. In June 2007 together with Soulforceand the LGBT Resource Center at University of California, Irvineorganized the first ever Ex-Gay Survivor Conference.
Exodus International's co-founder Michael Bussee and his partner Gary Cooper quit the group and held a life commitment ceremony together. [Their story is one of the foci of the documentary "One Nation Under God" (1993), directed by Teodoro Maniaciand Francine Rzeznik.] In the span of eighteen years, eight of the Exodus International ministries have dissolved because the director realized they were still gay. On June 27, 2007Bussee, along with fellow former Exodus leaders Jeremy Marks and Darlene Bogle, issued a public apology for their roles in Exodus.
Wayne Besen, gay rights activist and author of " Anything But Straight"
* [http://www.beyondexgay.com/article/apology Former Exodus leaders' apology]
* [http://www.anythingbutstraight.com/ "Anything But Straight" official site]
* [http://www.ecwr.org/ Evangelicals Concerned - Western Region] , "Creating safe places for GLBT Christians." (National site at [http://www.ecinc.org/ Evangelicals Concerned] )
* [http://jgford.homestead.com/ J. G. Ford] , "Reparative Therapy -- A
* [http://www.exgaywatch.com/ Ex-Gay Watch]
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