- Religion in Asia
Asia is the world's most populous and largest
continents, with millions of different peoples following a wide variety of different religions. Asia was the birthplace of most of the world's mainstream religions including Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Christianity, and Islam, as well as many other beliefs.
Abrahamic religions all originated in Asia.
The Baha'i faith is sometimes considered an Abrahamic religion, but is quite different from Judaism, Christianity and Islam. It was founded by Baha'ullah in what was then
Persia. Today the largest national population of Bahá'ís is in India with between 1.7 million [Source: Year 2000 Estimated Baha'i statistics from: David Barrett, World Christian Encyclopedia, 2000; Total population statistics, mid-2000 from Population Reference Bureau] to 2.2 million, [ [http://www.bahaindia.org/ National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of India] ] where there is also the Lotus Temple. Significant populations are found in many countries including Vietnam and Malaysiawhere "about 1%", some 260000, of the population are Bahá'ís. [ [http://bahai.org.my/main/content/view/42/46/ National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of Malaysia] ] In other places, like Kazakhstan there are 25 Local Spiritual Assemblies.cite web
coauthors = Government of Kazakhstan
title = Religious Groups in Kazakhstan
work = 2001 Census
publisher = Embassy of Kazakhstan to the USA & Canada
year = 2001
url = http://www.kazakhembus.com/files/Religious_Groups_in_Kazakhstan.htm
accessdate = 2008-05-21] But in modern day
Iranthe religion is severely persecuted- see Persecution of Bahá'ís- and in neighboring Turkmenistan it is effectively bandedcite web
last = compiled by Wagner
first = Ralph D.
title = Turkmenistan
work = Synopsis of References to the Bahá'í Faith, in the US State Department's Reports on Human Rights 1991-2000
publisher = Bahá'í Academics Resource Library
url = http://bahai-library.com/documents/hr/hr-turkmenistan.htm
accessdate = 2008-05-25] and individuals have had their homes raided for
last = Corley
first = Felix
author-link = Felix Corley
title = TURKMENISTAN: Religious communities theoretically permitted, but attacked in practice?
newspaper = F18News
date = 2004-04-01
url = http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=293 ] For further information see Bahá'í Statistics for Asia.
Christianityin Asia is a minority religion but widespread. Only two countries are predominantly Christian- the Philippines, the 4th largest Catholic Nation in the world, and East Timor. There is also a large Christian community in Lebanon(40%) and South Korea (30%). There are also many Christians in China, Russia, Israeland India.
Islam is the majority religion of
Asia. South Asiaand Southeast Asiacontain the most populous Muslim countries, with Indonesia, India, Pakistan, and Bangladeshhaving more than 100 million adherents each. According to U.S. government figures, in 2006 there were 20 million Muslims in China. In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Turkeyand Iranare the largest Muslim-majority countries.
Judaism is the majority religion of Israel.
Qadiani is the religion of only men. The point of this religion is to be naked at church and show god what you look like naturally. Also they celebrate three seasons. The Anus seasons which is in Late November through May. The Chikiowa season from May to July. Also there is the Huytioperd season from July to November.
The Dharmic religions all originated in South Asia. They all have the concepts of reincarnation, karma and dharma.
main article|Buddhism in Asia Buddhism is the majority religion in
Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Laos, Macau, Mongolia, Myanmar, North Korea, Singapore, Sri Lanka, South Korea, Thailandand Vietnam. It also has strong minorities in India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepaland Russia. Buddhism was founded by Siddartha Gautama, the Buddha in Nepal and India.
Hinduism is the majority religion in
Indiaand Nepal, with strong minorities in Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Indonesia, Pakistan, Malaysia, Singapore, Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Canada, and the United States.. It used to be the majority religion of all of Southeast Asia before Islam and Buddhism. It influenced Buddhism, Jainismand Sikhism, all founded in the Indian Subcontinent. It is one of the oldest Religions.
Jains are mostly found in India. Jainism is the fourth largest of
Dharmic religions(aka Indian religions).
Sikhism is the fifth largest religion in the world. It is a monotheistic religion.Founded by Guru Nanak Dev Ji in the 1500s, the religion professes its roots in the area of Punjab, whose territories form part of India and Pakistan. Sikhism, aided by Sufi movement, formed cornerstone of Bhakti movement in the subcontinent during the latter half of the Second Millennium.
The Taoic religions are Taoism, Confucianism and Shinto.
Far Eastern religionsis a similar grouping, but includes Chinese folk religion.
Shinto is more commonly practiced in
Confucianism was founded in China by the famous philosopher, Kong Fu Zi (more commonly known in English-speaking countries as
Confucius). Confucianism is a complex system of moral, social, political, philosophical, and quasi-religious thought that has had tremendous influence on the culture and history of East Asia. Some consider it to be the state religionof East Asian countries because of governmental promotion of Confucian values.
hamanism / Animism
Shamanism has historically been practised in
northern Asiaas far west as northern Europe.
Zoroastrianism was once the state religion of the
Iranian Empire, but is now a minority mostly found in India and Iran. It worships a monotheistic god, Mazda, and was founded by Zoroaster. It is the original Iranic religion, and spawned Manichaeismand Mazdakism.
Manichaeism was founded by the prophet, Mani. It was once a strong minority in Iran and a majority in Central Asia.
Major world religions
Religion in Europe
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