Spermatic cord


Spermatic cord

Infobox Anatomy
Name = PAGENAME
Latin = funiculus spermaticus
GraySubject = 258
GrayPage = 1239


Caption = Anatomy of the human male reproductive system


Caption2 = The spermatic cord in the inguinal canal. (Label for spermatic cord in lower right.)
Width = 300
System =
MeshName = Spermatic+Cord
MeshNumber = A05.360.444.777
The spermatic cord is the name given to the cord-like structure in males formed by the vas deferens and surrounding tissue that run from the abdomen down to each testicle.

Contents of spermatic cord

* arteries: testicular artery, deferential artery, cremasteric artery
* nerves: nerve to cremaster (genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve) , sympathetic nerves
* vas deferens
* pampiniform plexus
* lymphatic vessels
* processus vaginalis (remains of)

Coverings

The spermatic cord is ensheathed in three layers of tissue:
* "external spermatic fascia", an extension of the innominate fascia that overlies the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle
* "cremasteric muscle and fascia", formed from a continuation of the internal oblique muscle and its fascia
* "internal spermatic fascia", continuous with the transversalis fascia

Clinical significance

The spermatic cord is sensitive to torsion, in which the testicle rotates within its sac and kinks off its own blood supply. Testicular torsion may result in irreversible damage to the testicle within hours.

The contents of the abdominal cavity may protrude into the spermatic cord, producing an indirect inguinal hernia.


=Additional

External links

* - "The inguinal canal and derivation of the layers of the spermatic cord."
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* (NormanAnatomyFig|spermaticcord)


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spermatic cord — Spermatic Sper*mat ic, a. [L. spermaticus, Gr. ????: cf. F. spermatique. See {Sperm}.] (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to semen; as, the spermatic fluid, the spermatic vessels, etc. [1913 Webster] {Spermatic cord} (Anat.), the cord which suspends the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spermatic cord — n. the cord that suspends a testicle within the scrotum, consisting of a vas deferens, nerves, blood and lymphatic vessels, and connective tissue …   English World dictionary

  • spermatic cord — Anat. the cord by which a testis is suspended in the scrotum, containing the vas deferens and the blood vessels and nerves of the testis. [1790 1800] * * * ▪ anatomy       either of a pair of tubular structures in the male reproductive system… …   Universalium

  • Spermatic cord — A group of structures which go through the inguinal canal to the testis. The structures include the vas deferens, arteries, veins, lymphatic vessels, and nerves. * * * spermatic cord n a cord that suspends the testis within the scrotum, contains… …   Medical dictionary

  • spermatic cord — the cord, consisting of the vas deferens, nerves, and blood vessels, that runs from the abdominal cavity to the testicle in the scrotum. The inguinal canal, through which the spermatic cord passes, becomes closed after the testes have descended …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • spermatic cord — spermat′ic cord′ n. anat. the cord by which a testis is suspended in the scrotum, containing the vas deferens • Etymology: 1790–1800 …   From formal English to slang

  • spermatic cord — /spɜˌmætɪk ˈkɔd/ (say sper.matik kawd) noun the solid neck of the spermatic sac by which the testicle is suspended within the scrotum; it contains the vas deferens, the blood vessels and nerves of the testicles, etc …   Australian English dictionary

  • spermatic cord — noun Date: 1783 a cord that suspends the testis within the scrotum and contains the vas deferens and vessels and nerves of the testis …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • spermatic cord — noun a structure resembling a cord that suspends the testis within the scrotum and contains the vas deferens and other vessels and nerves • Hypernyms: ↑funiculus • Part Holonyms: ↑testis, ↑testicle, ↑orchis, ↑ball, ↑ballock, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • spermatic cord — noun (in mammals) a bundle of nerves, ducts, and blood vessels connecting the testicles to the abdominal cavity …   English new terms dictionary


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