Bermuda Militia 1813


Bermuda Militia 1813

__NOTOC__

In the Military of Bermuda, with the start of the American War of 1812, an Act of 1813 re-organized the nine-company regiment of foot into two battalions. The total strength of the local militia was, by then, nominally 450 men, but, as always, this was, at any moment, effectively reduced by half due to the seafaring occupations of the better part of the colony's men. Evidently, the militia no longer included any of the colony's black population, whether free or enslaved, as Lt. Colonel Francis Gore, on assuming the governorship, felt it advisable to boost the militia's strength by raising a colored corps, though this was not, in fact, done.

Despite the state of the Militia at the War's start, on the occasion of an emergency being declared (when strange vessels were spotted lurking offshore), the Colonists responded admirably in full strength, standing watch through the night.

The War Office had begun the War considering the Bermudians to be of dubious loyalty. This was largely due to the theft of a large quantity of gunpowder from a St. George's magazine during the American War of Independence, in 1775. That powder had been sent to the rebel army of the American colonies, under the Virginian General George Washington, and at his personal request. The close blood-lines and common history of Bermuda and Virginia, particularly, were also worrying.

In fact, the War Office was very pleased with the performance and patriotism of the Islanders during the 1812 war, and the Governor was prompted to try to get the Colonial Assembly to en-act a permanent Militia. Throughout the Militia's history, its strength and efficiency had waxed and waned, more with the response to declarations of wars, and to the scarcity of manpower due to the maritime industry, than with any dictum of the Colonial Assembly. The Generals wanted something a little more reliable.

The Colonial Assembly, lacking any strong self-interest, and perhaps wary of obliging itself to the maintenance of a force that, with the growth of the Regular Garrison, must become ever less under its control, would only agree to provide funds on a temporary basis. After the War ended in 1815, the interest of the general populace also waned, and the Militia's strength dwindled 'til the point it became moribund. The Militia Act of 1813 was allowed to lapse, and no further Militia Act was to be passed, despite the continuing pleas and threats coming from London.

Although variably-successful attempts were made to raise Militias directly under the Governor, without an Act, or the funds, of the Colonial Assembly, a real Militia would not arise again 'til the raising of Volunteer forces in the last decade of the 19th Century.

See also

* Bermuda Militias 1612-1815
* Royal Naval Dockyard, Bermuda
* War of 1812

Bibliography

* "Defence, Not Defiance: A History Of The Bermuda Volunteer Rifle Corps", Jennifer M. Ingham (now Jennifer M. Hind), The Island Press Ltd., Pembroke, Bermuda, ISBN 0-9696517-1-6
* "Bermuda Forts 1612–1957", Dr. Edward C. Harris, The Bermuda Maritime Museum Press, The Bermuda Maritime Museum, P.O. Box MA 133, Mangrove Bay, Bermuda MA BX.
* "Bermuda From Sail To Steam: A History of The Island From 1784 To 1901", H. C. Wilkinson, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-215932-1

Sources

The text of this page was originally copied directly from the author's own free pages at:

* [http://www.geocities.com/gpvillain/arma.html Bermuda Military History]

External links

* [http://www.bermuda-online.org/forts.htm Bermuda Online: Bermuda's British Army forts from 1609]
* [http://www.bermuda-online.org/rnd.htm Bermuda Online: Bermuda's Royal Navy base at Ireland Island]
* [http://www.bmm.bm The Bermuda Maritime Museum]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bermuda Militia 1687-1813 — Bermuda Militia, under Militia Acts 1687 1813. Although the Bermuda Parliament had been formed in 1620, prior to 1687, the Bermudian Militia was raised and organised without reference to a Militia Act. The Crown took over the administration of… …   Wikipedia

  • Bermuda Militias 1612-1815 — Bermuda Militias 1612 1815Bermuda was settled inadvertently, in 1609, by the Virginia Company. Its first deliberate settlers arrived in 1612, aboard the Plough. The very first concern of the first Governor, Richard Moore, was the Colony s… …   Wikipedia

  • Militia — For other uses, see Militia (disambiguation). The Lexington Minuteman, a statue commemorating Captain John Parker, a commander of American militia forces during the American Revolutionary War. The term militia ( …   Wikipedia

  • Bermuda — This article is about the British overseas territory. For other uses, see Bermuda (disambiguation). The Bermudas Somers Isles …   Wikipedia

  • List of Bermuda-related topics — This is a list of topics related to Bermuda. Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar.Bermuda* Bermuda * Bermuda Police Service * Bermuda Triangle * Bermudian architecture *… …   Wikipedia

  • War of 1812 — This article is about the Anglo American War of 1812 to 1815. For other wars in 1812, see War of 1812 (disambiguation). War of 1812 The unfinished United States Capitol after the burning of Washington. Watercolor and i …   Wikipedia

  • List of Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom Parliament, 1801-1819 — This is an incomplete list of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for the years 1801 1819. For acts passed prior to 1707 see List of Acts of Parliament of the English Parliament and List of Acts of Parliament of the Scottish Parliament.… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, 1801–1819 — UK Legislation Acts of Parliament by states preceding the United Kingdom Of the Kingdom of England Before 1485 1485–1601 · 1603–1641 Interregnum (1642–1660) 1660–1699 · 1700–1706 …   Wikipedia

  • Results of the War of 1812 — between the United Kingdom and the United States involved no geographical changes, with the exception of Carleton Island in the St. Lawrence River, which was captured by the United States and never returned, and no major policy changes. However… …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.