- FIFA World Cup hosts
Early World Cups were given to countries at meetings of FIFA's congress. The choice of location was highly controversial, given the three week boat journey between
South Americaand Europe, the two centres of strength in football at the time. The decision to hold the first cup in Uruguay, for example, led to only four European nations competing. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport3/worldcup2002/hi/history/newsid_1632000/1632201.stm History of 1930 World Cup] , BBC. Retrieved on April 13, 2006.] The next two World Cups were both held in Europe. The decision to hold the second of these, the 1938 FIFA World Cupin Francewas controversial, as the American countries had been led to understand that the World Cup would rotate between the two continents. Both Argentina and Uruguay thus boycotted the tournament. [ [http://fifaworldcup.yahoo.com/06/en/p/pwc/1938.html France 1938] , FIFA World Cup site. Retrieved on April 13, 2006.] After World War Two, to avoid any future boycotts or controversy, FIFA began a pattern of alternation between the Americas and Europe, which continued until the 2002 FIFA World Cup. The system evolved so that the host country is now chosen in a vote by FIFA's Executive Committee. This is done under a single transferable votesystem. The decision is currently made seven years in advance of the tournament.
1930 FIFA World Cup
FIFA Congresscould vote on the first-ever World Cup host, a series of withdrawals led to the election of Uruguay; The Netherlands and Hungary withdrew; this was followed by Sweden withdrawing in favour of Italy; then both Italy and Spain withdrew, in favour of the only remaining candidate Uruguay. The FIFA Congress met in Barcelona, Spainon May 18, 1929to ratify the decision, and Uruguay was chosen without a vote.
fb|ITA|old"withdrew in favour of Uruguay"
fb|ESP|1785"withdrew in favour of Uruguay"
fb|SWE"withdrew in favour of Italy"
fb|HUN|1940 1934 FIFA World Cup
Sweden withdrew before the vote, allowing the only remaining candidate (Italy) to take the hosting job for the 1934 World Cup. The decision was ratified by the FIFA Congress in
Stockholm, Swedenand Zürich, Switzerlandon May 14, 1932. The Italian Football Federationaccepted the hosting duties on October 9, 1932.
fb|SWE 1938 FIFA World Cup
Without any nations withdrawing their bids before the vote, the FIFA Congress convened in
Berlin, Germanyon August 13, 1936to decide the next host of the World Cup. Electing France took only one ballot, as France had more than half of the votes in the first round.
#fb|FRA, 19 votes
#fb|ARG, 4 votes
#fb|GER|Nazi, 0 votes
1942 FIFA World Cup
The outbreak of
World War IIcanceled both the 1942 and 1946 World Cups; therefore, no vote was taken to determine a host. 1950 FIFA World Cup
Brazil had an official bid for the 1942 World Cup, but the Cup was canceled after the outbreak of World War II. The 1950 World Cup was originally scheduled for 1949, but the day after Brazil was selected by the FIFA Congress on
July 26, 1946in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg, the World Cup was rescheduled for 1950.
1954 FIFA World Cup
The 1954 World Cup hosting duty was decided on
July 26, 1946, the same day that Brazil was selected for the 1950 World Cup, in Luxembourg City. This World Cup was also (in addition to the 1950 FIFA World Cup) pushed back a year on July 27, 1946, changing the date from 1953 to 1954.
1958 FIFA World Cup
As in most of the earlier World Cup bidding, the World Cup bidding process went unopposed, and the FIFA Congress ratified the choice of Sweden (who had withdrawn their bid for the 1930 World Cup) as the host in
Rio de Janeiro, Brazilon June 23, 1950.
1962 FIFA World Cup
Despite West Germany withdrawing before the vote, which took place in
Lisbon, Portugalon June 10, 1956, there were still two remaining bids, which allowed for a vote by the FIFA Congress. There was only one round of voting, with Chile winning over Argentina.
#fb|CHI, 32 votes
#fb|ARG|alt, 11 votes
fb|FRG 1966 FIFA World Cup
Spain withdrew from the bidding prior to voting by the FIFA Congress, held in
Rome, Italyon August 22, 1960. Again, there was only one round of voting, with England defeating Germany for the hosting position.
#fb|ENG, 34 votes
#fb|FRG, 27 votes
fb|ESP|1939 1970 FIFA World Cup
The FIFA Congress convened in
Tokyo, Japanon October 8, 1964. One round of voting saw Mexico win the hosting duties over Argentina.
#fb|MEX, 56 votes
#fb|ARG|alt, 32 votes
In an odd set of circumstances, three hosts were chosen in
London, Englandon July 6, 1966by the FIFA Congress. Spain and Germany, both facing each other in the running for hosting duties for the 1974 and 1982 World Cups, agreed to give one another a hosting job. Germany withdrew from the 1982 bidding process while Spain withdrew from the 1974 bidding process, essentially guaranteeing each a hosting spot. Mexico, who had just won the 1970 hosting bid over Argentina just two years prior, agreed to withdraw and let Argentina take the hosting position.
fb|ESP|1939"withdrew in exchange for 1982 hosting duties"
fb|MEX"withdrew, as they had won hosting for World Cup 1970"
fb|FRG"withdrew in exchange for 1974 hosting duties" 1986 FIFA World Cup
Host voting, now handled by the
FIFA Executive Committee(or "Exco"), met in Stockholm on June 9, 1974and ratified the unopposed Colombian bid.
However, Colombia withdrew "after" they had already been selected to host the World Cup due to financial problems on
November 5, 1982, just four years before the event was to start. A call for bids was sent out again, and FIFA collected the following interested nations:
In Zürich on
May 20, 1983, Mexico won the bidding unanimously as voted by the Exco, for the first time in FIFA World Cup bidding history (except those nations who bid unopposed).
#fb|MEX, unanimous (unknown number of votes)
#(tie)fb|CAN, fb|USA: 0 votes
1990 FIFA World Cup
England and Greece both withdrew before the vote, which was to be conducted by Exco in Zürich on
May 19, 1984. Once again, only one round of voting was required, as Italy won more votes than the Soviet Union.
#fb|ITA, 11 votes
#fb|URS, 5 votes
fb|GRE 1994 FIFA World Cup
Despite having three nations bidding for host duties, voting only took one round. The vote was held in Zürich (for the third straight time) on
July 4, 1988. The United States won the bid by receiving a little over half of the votes by the Exco members.
#fb|USA, 10 votes
#fb|MAR, 7 votes
#fb|BRA, 2 votes
1998 FIFA World Cup
This vote was held in Zürich for the fourth straight time on
July 1, 1992. Only one vote was required to have France assume the hosting job over Morocco and Switzerland.
#fb|FRA, 12 votes
#fb|MAR, fb|SUI; combined 7 votes
2002 FIFA World Cup
May 31, 1996, the hosting selection meeting was held in Zürich for the fifth straight time. A joint bid formulated between Japan and South Korea, and the bid was "voted by acclamation," an oral vote without ballots. The first joint bid of the World Cup was approved, edging out the single bid by Mexico. However, for hosting duties of the 2018 FIFA World Cup, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg(collectively known as Benelux) have expressed interest in a joint bid, which may or may not be allowed by the Executive Committee.
#fb|KOR/fb|JPN (joint bid, voted by acclamation)
2002 FIFA World Cupwas the first World Cup held outside the three traditional continents, when the tournament was co-hosted in Asiafor the first time by South Koreaand Japan. Initially, the two Asian countries were competitors in the bidding process. But just before the vote, they agreed with FIFA to co-host the event. However, the rivalry and distance between them led to organizational and logistical problems. FIFA has said co-hosting is not likely to happen again, and in 2004 officially stated that its statutes did not allow co-hosting bids. [http://www.fifa.com/en/media/index/0,1369,101476,00.html Host nation of 2010 FIFA World Cup - South Africa] , FIFA Media Release, May 15, 2004. Retrieved on January 8, 2006.] 2006 FIFA World Cup
July 7 2000, the host selection meeting was held for the sixth straight time in Zürich. Brazil withdrew its bid three days before the vote, and the field was narrowed to four. This was the first selection in which more than one vote was required. Three votes were eventually needed. Germany was at least tied for first in each of the three votes, and ended up defeating South Africa by only one vote after an odd abstention (see below).
The controversy over the decision to award the
2006 FIFA World Cupto Germanyled to a further change in practice. The final tally was 12 votes to 11 in favor of Germany over the contenders South Africa, who had been favorites to win. New ZealandFIFA member Charles Dempsey, who was instructed to vote for South Africa by the Oceania Football Confederation, abstained from voting at the last minute. If he had voted for the South African bid, the tally would have been 12–12, giving the decision to FIFA President Sepp Blatter, who was widely believed then to have voted for South Africa. [ [http://www.soccertimes.com/wagman/2000/jul07.htm "FIFA president Blatter a big loser with Germany getting 2006 World Cup"] by Robert Wagman, "SoccerTimes", July 7, 2000. Retrieved on January 8, 2006.] Dempsey was among eight members of the Executive Committee to receive a fax by editors of the German satirical magazine "Titanic" on Wednesday, the night before the vote, promising a cuckoo clockand Black Forest hamin exchange for voting for Germany. He argued that the pressure from all sides including "an attempt to bribe" him had become too much for him. [ [http://www.int.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=6&click_id=19&art_id=qw962980020648B216 "German magazine takes credit for bribery hoax"] , "IOL", July 7, 2000. Retrieved on January 8, 2006.]
Consequently, FIFA decided to rotate the hosting of the final tournaments between its constituent confederations until the selection of the host for the
2014 FIFA World Cupin 2007, when they announced that they will no longer continue with their continental rotation policy (see below). [ [http://www.smh.com.au/news/football/australia-can-host-world-cup/2005/09/17/1126750168444.html Australia can host World Cup] , by Matthew Hall, published 18 September 2005] 2010 FIFA World Cup
*fb|LBY / fb|TUN
The first World Cup bidding process under continental rotation (the process of rotating hosting of the World Cup to each confederation in turn) was the
2010 FIFA World Cup. This will be the first World Cup held in Africa. It will be the largest sporting event ever held on that continent, as the Olympics have yet to visit Africa. After it was confirmed by FIFA that joint bidding would not be allowed in the future, Libyaand Tunisiawithdrew both of their bids on May 8 2004. On May 15, 2004in Zürich (the seventh time in a row that a host selection has been made there), South Africa, after a narrow loss in the 2006 bidding, defeated perennial candidate Morocco to host, 14 votes to 10. Egypt received no votes.
#fb|RSA, 14 votes
#fb|MAR, 10 votes
#fb|EGY, 0 votes
fb|LBY"withdrew on May 8 2004after joint bidding was not allowed"
fb|TUN"withdrew on May 8 2004after joint bidding was not allowed" 2014 FIFA World Cup
FIFA continued their continental rotation procedure by earmarking the 2014 World Cup for
South America. FIFA initially indicated that they might back out of the rotation, [ [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,27-1874286,00.html "Games win inspires bid to host 2018 World Cup"] by John Goodbody, "The Times", November 16, 2005. Retrieved on January 8, 2006.] but later decided to continue the rotation, at least until the 2014 host decision, after which they later backed out of the decision. Colombiahad expressed interest in hosting the 2014 World Cup, [BBC News, [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/internationals/5187170.stm Colombia bids for 2014 World Cup] , 17 July2006] but withdrew. [FIFA, [http://www.fifa.com/worldfootball/releases/newsid=123706.html Brazil confirms bid - Colombia withdraws] , 13 April 2007] Chileand Argentinahad shown some interest as a joint bid,Fact|date=October 2007 hoping to follow the same path as Korea-Japan 2002, but withdrew after joint bids were not allowed.vague|when did they bid? when did they withdraw? Brazilalso expressed interest in hosting the World Cup. CONMEBOL, the South American Football Federation, indicated their preference for Brazil as a host. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/internationals/2858989.stm Brazil set to host World Cup] , BBC. Retrieved on April 11, 2006.] Brazil was the only nation to submit a formal bid when the official bidding procedure for CONMEBOL member associations was opened in December 2006, as by that time, Colombia, Chile and Argentina had already withdrawn.
Brazil made the first unopposed bid since the initial selection of the
1986 FIFA World Cup(when Colombia was selected as host, but later withdrew due to financial problems). The FIFA Executive Committee confirmed it as the host country in October 30, 2007by a unanimous decision. [cite press release
title = Clear declaration to defend the autonomy of sport
url = http://www.fifa.com/en/media/index/0,1369,127068,00.html?articleid=127068
accessdate = 2006-12-06]
#fb|BRA (unanimous, unknown number of votes)
Future World Cup bids
2018 FIFA World Cup
*flagicon|BEL flagicon|NED flagicon|LUX
FIFA announced on
October 29, 2007that it will no longer continue with their continental rotation policy, implemented after the 2006 World Cup host selection. The newest host selection policy is that any country may bid for a World Cup, provided that their continental conference has not hosted either of the past two World Cups. For the 2018 World Cup bidding process, this means that bids from Africa and South America would not be allowed.cite news | url=http://www.fifa.com/newscentre/videos/player.html#id=625042 | title=The end of the rotation policy: the press conference explaining the decision. | publisher=Fifa.com - News Centre |date=2007-10-29] cite news | url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/7067187.stm | title=Fifa abandons World Cup rotation | publisher=BBC SPORT |date=2007-10-29] Countries that have announced their interest include Australia, Canada, China, England, Greece, Japan, Mexico, Russia, United States, the combined bid of Spain& Portugaland the combined bid of Belgium, Netherlands, & Luxembourg.cite news | url=http://soccernet.espn.go.com/news/story?id=485193 | title=Iberian threat to England's 2018 World Cup bid | publisher=ESPNsoccernet |date=2007-11-27]
* [http://www.fifa.com/infoplus/IP-201_13A_WC-host.pdf FIFA World Cup Host Announcement Decision (PDF)]
* [http://www.fifa.com/documents/fifa/congress/2010_election_procedure_EN.pdf Election Procedure, as of 2010 host selection (PDF)]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
FIFA World Cup — Soccer world cup redirects here. For the women s tournament, see FIFA Women s World Cup. For other uses, see World Cup. FIFA World Cup The current FIFA Wo … Wikipedia
FIFA World Cup qualification — is the process a national football (soccer) team goes through to qualify for the FIFA World Cup Finals , or, more commonly known as the FIFA World Cup . FIFA World Cup is a global event, and qualification is used to reduce the large field of… … Wikipedia
2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cup bids — The bidding process for the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups was the process by which the locations for the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups were selected. The process began officially in March 2009; eleven bids from thirteen countries were received,… … Wikipedia
2006 FIFA World Cup — 2006 World Cup redirects here. For other competitions of that name, see 2006 World Cup (disambiguation). This article is about 2006 FIFA World Cup. For the video game, see 2006 FIFA World Cup (video game). 2006 FIFA World Cup FIFA Fußball… … Wikipedia
2010 FIFA World Cup — 2010 World Cup redirects here. For other competitions of that name, see 2010 World Cup (disambiguation). This article is about 2010 FIFA World Cup. For the video game, see 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa (video game). 2010 FIFA World Cup South… … Wikipedia
1982 FIFA World Cup — Copa del Mundo de Fútbol – España 82 1982 FIFA World Cup official logo Tournament details Host country … Wikipedia
1986 FIFA World Cup — Mexico 86 1986 FIFA World Cup official logo Tournament details Host country … Wikipedia
1970 FIFA World Cup — Mexico 70 1970 FIFA World Cup official logo Tournament details Host country … Wikipedia
1962 FIFA World Cup — Campeonato Mundial de Fútbol Chile 1962 1962 FIFA World Cup official logo Tournament details Host country … Wikipedia
2010 FIFA World Cup qualification - UEFA Group 4 — The 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification UEFA Group 4 is a UEFA qualifying group for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. The group comprises 2006 FIFA World Cup hosts Germany, Russia, Finland, Wales, Azerbaijan and Liechtenstein.tandings2010 FIFA World Cup… … Wikipedia