Distinguished Conduct Medal


Distinguished Conduct Medal
Distinguished Conduct Medal
DistinguishedConductMedalUKObv.jpgDistinguishedConductMedalUKRev.jpg
UK Distinguished Conduct Medal ribbon.svg

Obverse (top left) and reverse (top right) of the medal.
Awarded by UK and Commonwealth
Type Military decoration.
Eligibility British, (formerly) Commonwealth, and allied forces.
Awarded for Gallantry in the field.
Status Discontinued 1993.
Description Silver disk, 36mm diameter.
Statistics
Established 4 December 1854
Precedence
Next (higher) Victoria Cross
Equivalent Conspicuous Gallantry Medal
Next (lower) Distinguished Service Medal
Military Medal
Distinguished Flying Medal
Air Force Medal

The Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) was (until 1993) an extremely high level award for bravery. It was a second level military decoration awarded to other ranks of the British Army and formerly also to non-commissioned personnel of other Commonwealth countries.

The medal was instituted in 1854, during the Crimean War, to recognise gallantry within the other ranks, for which it was equivalent of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) awarded for bravery to commissioned officers, but the DCM ranked well below the DCO in precedence.

Although considered to be the army's second ranking gallantry award, the DCM was almost always seen as a "near miss for the VC".[citation needed] From 1942, members of the Navy and Air Force were entitled to the award.

In the aftermath of the 1993 review of the honours system, as part of the drive to remove distinctions of rank in awards for bravery, the DCM was discontinued (along with the award of the DSO specifically for gallantry and of the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal). These three decorations were replaced by the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross, which now serves as the second level award for gallantry for all ranks across the whole armed forces.

Bars were awarded to the DCM in recognition of the performance of further acts of gallantry meriting the award. Recipients are entitled to the post-nominal letters DCM.

Description

  • A silver medal 36 mm in diameter. The original obverse of this medal depicted a trophy of arms as seen on early Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medals. However in 1902 this was replaced by the effigy of the reigning monarch.
  • The reverse on all issues bears the inscription 'FOR DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT IN THE FIELD'.
  • The suspender is of an ornate scroll type.
  • The ribbon is 32mm wide, with three equal parts crimson, dark blue, and crimson.
  • Bars were authorised for subsequent awards originally bearing the date of the subsequent awards but changing to laurel wreaths in 1916.
Ribbon bars of the Distinguished Conduct Medal
UK Distinguished Conduct Medal ribbon.svg
DCM
UK DCM w Bar ribbon.svg
DCM and Bar

Bibliography

  • Mackay, J and Mussel, J (eds) - Medals Yearbook - 2005, (2004), Token Publishing.

Example of citation from London Gazette (10 January 1920, page 430)

Distinguished conduct medal citation in london gazette.png

See also

  • Category:Recipients of the Distinguished Conduct Medal
  • British and Commonwealth orders and decorations
  • Veterans Affairs Canada: DCM
  • Recipients of the Distinguished Conduct Medal 1914-1920 by Robert Walker ISBN (090745500X).
  • Recipients of the Distinguished Conduct Medal, 1855–1909, A List with other Details of all who Received the Medal before the Outbreak of World War 1 by Peter E. Abbott ISBN (0903754096)

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Distinguished Conduct Medal — Cette décoration est créée le 4 décembre 1854 pour la Guerre de Crimée par la reine Victoria. Elle est décernée aux sous officiers et aux hommes et femmes servant dans toutes les forces armées, pour conduite distinguée en campagne. Elle se situe… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Distinguished Conduct Medal — noun a British military decoration for distinguished conduct in the field • Hypernyms: ↑decoration, ↑laurel wreath, ↑medal, ↑medallion, ↑palm, ↑ribbon * * * Brit. Mil. a decoration awarded for distinguished conduct in operations in the field… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Distinguished Conduct Medal — noun Date: 1862 a British military decoration awarded for distinguished conduct in the field …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Distinguished Conduct Medal — Brit. Mil. a decoration awarded for distinguished conduct in operations in the field against an enemy. Abbr.: D.C.M. * * * …   Universalium

  • Distinguished Conduct Medal — Distin′guished Con′duct Med al n. mil a British military decoration awarded for distinguished conduct in operations in the field against an enemy Abbr.: D.C.M …   From formal English to slang

  • distinguished conduct medal — British military decoration awarded for heroic action in the field …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Distinguished Flying Medal — Distinguished Flying Medal …   Wikipedia

  • Distinguished Service Medal — noun a United States military decoration for meritorious service in wartime duty of great responsibility (Freq. 1) • Hypernyms: ↑decoration, ↑laurel wreath, ↑medal, ↑medallion, ↑palm, ↑ribbon * * * 1. U.S. Mil. a decoration awarded for excep …   Useful english dictionary

  • Distinguished Service Medal — noun Date: 1914 1. a British military decoration awarded for distinguished conduct in war 2. a United States military decoration awarded for exceptionally meritorious service to the government in a wartime duty of great …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Distinguished Service Medal — 1. U.S. Mil. a decoration awarded for exceptionally meritorious performance of a duty of great responsibility. 2. Brit. Mil. a decoration awarded for distinguished conduct in war. Abbr.: D.S.M. * * * …   Universalium