Crested Ibis


Crested Ibis
Crested Ibis
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Ciconiiformes (disputed)
Family: Threskiornithidae
Genus: Nipponia
Reichenbach, 1853
Species: N. nippon
Binomial name
Nipponia nippon
(Temminck, 1835)

The Crested Ibis (Nipponia nippon), also known as the Japanese Crested Ibis or Toki (Japanese: トキ, variously written in kanji as 朱鷺, 鴇, 鵇 or 鴾), is a large (up to 78.5 cm long), white-plumaged ibis of pine forests. Its head is partially bare, showing red skin, and it has a dense crest of white plumes on the nape. This species is the only member of the genus Nipponia.

Their habitat is usually mainlands[clarification needed] and wetlands. They make their nests at the tops of trees on hills usually overlooking their habitat. Crested Ibises usually eat frogs, small fishes, and small animals.

At one time, the Crested Ibis was widespread in Japan, China, Korea, Taiwan and Russia. It has now disappeared from most of its former range. The last wild Japanese Crested Ibis died in October 2003, while the remaining wild population can be found only in Shaanxi province of China. This is not the first time this has happened, though. They were thought to be extinct through the 1960s and 1970s, until 1981 when seven ibises were found in Shaanxi, China.

Extensive captive breeding programs have been developed by Japan and China to conserve the species. They were put on the State Protection List in China, which also spread throughout most of Asia.[clarification needed] Also, for the past 23 years, China has bred and protected the species. In 2002, there was a total of 130 colonies in China. Northwest Shaanxi province's research center has a history of 26 Crested Ibis fledglings including artificial, and natural incubation. On July 31, 2002, five out of seven Crested Ibis chicks hatched at an incubation center in northwest Shaanxi province. This was one of the latest records and highest record ever recorded of chicks that hatched. The parents of the chicks were chosen from 60 ibis pairs raised in that research center.

Due to ongoing habitat loss, small population size, limited range, winter starvation and persecution in last century brought this endangered species to the brink of extinction. The Crested Ibis has been listed in Appendix I of CITES.

On September 25, 2008, the Sado Japanese Crested Ibis Preservation Center released 10 of the birds as part of its Crested Ibis restoration program, which aims to introduce 60 ibises into the wild by 2015. This marks the first time the rare bird has returned to the Japanese wild since 1981.[1]

See also

  • List of Special Places of Scenic Beauty, Special Historic Sites and Special Natural Monuments

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Madagascar Crested Ibis — Taxobox name = Madagascar Crested Ibis status = NT | status system = IUCN3.1 image width = 225px regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Ciconiiformes familia = Threskiornithidae genus = Lophotibis genus authority = Reichenbach …   Wikipedia

  • Japanese crested ibis — japoniniai ibiai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Nipponia angl. Japanese crested ibis vok. Nipponibis, m rus. красноногий ибис, m; японский ибис, m pranc. ibis nippon, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – ibiai siauresnis… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Japanese crested ibis — japoninis ibis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Nipponia nippon angl. Japanese crested ibis vok. Nipponibis, m rus. красноногий ибис, m; японский ибис, m pranc. ibis nippon, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – japoniniai ibiai …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Madagascar crested ibis — madagaskariniai ibiai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Lophotibis angl. Madagascar crested ibis vok. Schopfibis, m rus. чубатый ибис, m pranc. ibis huppé, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – ibiai siauresnis terminas –… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Madagascar crested ibis — madagaskarinis ibis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Lophotibis cristata angl. Madagascar crested ibis vok. Schopfibis, m rus. чубатый ибис, m pranc. ibis huppé, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – madagaskariniai ibiai …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Ibis — Taxobox name = Ibis image width = 200px image caption = Straw necked Ibis regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Ciconiiformes familia = Threskiornithidae subfamilia = Threskiornithinae subfamilia authority = Poche, 1904… …   Wikipedia

  • ibis — /uy bis/, n., pl. ibises, (esp. collectively) ibis. 1. any of several large wading birds of the family Threskiornithidae, of warm temperate and tropical regions, related to the herons and storks, and characterized by a long, thin, downward curved …   Universalium

  • ibis nippon — japoniniai ibiai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Nipponia angl. Japanese crested ibis vok. Nipponibis, m rus. красноногий ибис, m; японский ибис, m pranc. ibis nippon, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – ibiai siauresnis… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • ibis nippon — japoninis ibis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Nipponia nippon angl. Japanese crested ibis vok. Nipponibis, m rus. красноногий ибис, m; японский ибис, m pranc. ibis nippon, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – japoniniai ibiai …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • ibis huppé — madagaskariniai ibiai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Lophotibis angl. Madagascar crested ibis vok. Schopfibis, m rus. чубатый ибис, m pranc. ibis huppé, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – ibiai siauresnis terminas –… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.