Mexico( Zacatecas, Durango), United States( California, Texas, Illinois)
Christianityespecially Roman Catholic
Caxcan, Guachichil, Guamare, Pame, TecuexeThe Zacatecos (or Zacatecas) were an indigenous people inhabiting part of northern Mexico, one of the peoples called Chichimecas by the Aztecs. They lived in most of what is now the state of Zacatecasand the northeastern part of Durango. They have many direct descendants, but most of their culture and traditions have disappeared with time. Large concentrations of direct descendants currently reside in Zacatecas and Durango, as well as large cities of the United States, most notably; Los Angeles, Dallas, and Chicago.
"Zacateco" is a
Mexican Spanishderivation from the original Nahuatl"Zacatec", pluralized in early Mexican Spanish as "Zacatecas", the name given to the state and city. The name was given by the Aztecs to the people inhabiting a region in which a grass they called the "zacatl" was abundant. The region was thus called "Zacatlan" by the Aztecs. ( Mexica)
Before the arrival of the Spanish, the Zacatec and Guachichil nations were great enemies in constant war with each other over food and boundaries. They later set aside their differences and became friends to wage war against the
The Mixtón Rebellion
The Mixtón Rebellion"
The Chichimeca War
The Chichimeca War"
To the east and north they overlapped lands with the
Guachichiles. They extended to border the Tepehuanes to the west near Durango. To the north their land bordered that of the Irritilasor Laguna tribes, up to were Cuencaméand Parrasare located. Their principal population centers were in Malpaís, around Peñón Blanco, and around El Cerro de la Bufa.
Way of Life
Most Zacatecos were nomadic, although a few groups were essentially sedentary. Both men and women wore their hair down to their waist. Some Chichimeca tribes wore their head braided, but it is unspecified if any Zacatec tribes did so. Earrings and collars were occasionally used. They used body markings by paint and tattooing to distinguish themselves from other tribes. Zacatecos were known to wear skin coverings below their knees and skin headbands on their foreheads. Occasionally they wore leather-soled sandals. They were "graceful, strong, robust and beardless".
Juan Bautista de Pomaronce said "In the opinion of men experienced in foreign lands, the Zacatecos are the best archers in the world"
The Zacatecos are not known to have built temples. Their only known deities were the sun, moon and certain stars. They rendered them tribute with flowers, weeds, aromatic herbs and dancing. Although they were a nomadic tribe, they did not sacrifice human lives.
The Zacatecos as a culture have vanished or faded, due to assimilation and
mestizajeof the Mexican people. Another factor being the emigration of their descendants from Mexico unto the United States and the assimilation they take there. However many of their direct descendants still live in large concentrations in central Mexico. Taking all this into account, it is extremely difficult to even approximate the population of their descendants. It is equally hard to elaborate on their culture, language, art, and traditions.
*Powell, Philip Wayne. "Soldiers, Indians, & Silver: The Northward Advance of New Spain, 1550-1600".Berkely, California: University of California Press, 1969.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Zacateco — Idioma Zacateco Religión Religión autóctona Etnias relacionadas Caxcán, Guamare, Guachichil, Pame, Tecuexe Los Zacatecos (náhuatl: zacatlco, habitantes de la … Wikipedia Español
zacateco — zacateco, a 1 adj. y, aplicado a personas, también n. Zacatecano. 2 De Zacatlán, ciudad mejicana del estado de Puebla … Enciclopedia Universal
zacateco — za·ca·teco … English syllables
zacateco — … Useful english dictionary
Tenamaxtli — was the leader of the Caxcan Chichimeca Indians. His name in Nahuatl meant stones which are put in a girded to be heated by the fire Along with leading the Caxcan Chichimeca Indians, he also lead the Zacateco Chichimeca Indians. Tenamaxtli was a… … Wikipedia
Zacatlán — En este artículo sobre geografía se detectaron los siguientes problemas: Necesita ser wikificado conforme a las convenciones de estilo de Wikipedia. Carece de fuentes o referencias que aparezcan en una fuente acreditada. P … Wikipedia Español
Mixtón War — v · Indian … Wikipedia
Chichimeca War — The Chichimeca War Date 1550 1590 Location Northern Mexico La Gran Chichimeca Result Native American victory Bel … Wikipedia
Tecuexe — The Tecuexe were an indigenous group found in the eastern part of present day Guadalajara, MexicoHistoryIt is believed that the Tecuexe derived from the dispersion of Zacateco groups from La Quemada. Like the Zacatecos, the Tecuexe were a tribe… … Wikipedia
América durante las conquistas — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Contenido 1 Desarrollo de la civilización en América 2 Panorama de los pueblos americanos durante los siglos XV, XVI, y XVII 2.1 No … Wikipedia Español