- Nuclear engineering
Nuclear engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of the breakdown (fission) as well as the fusion of atomic nuclei and/or the application of other sub-atomic physics, based on the principles of nuclear physics. In the sub-field of nuclear fission, it particularly includes the interaction and maintenance of systems and components like nuclear reactors, nuclear power plants, and/or nuclear weapons. The field also includes the study of medical and other applications of (generally ionizing) radiation, nuclear safety, heat/thermodynamics transport, nuclear fuel and/or other related technology (e.g., radioactive waste disposal), and the problems of nuclear proliferation.
Nuclear fission is the disintegration of a susceptible (fissile) atom's nucleus into two different, smaller elements and other particles including neutrons. Approximately 2.4 neutrons are released per fission, which may cause additional fissions if enough fissionable material is present. Nuclear fission is made by separating one atom or combining two different atoms.
The common types of nuclear fission include thermal fission, which is fission caused by the absorption of a relatively slow thermal neutron with kinetic energy approximately 0.025 eV. Fast fission is fission caused by the absorption of a more energetic neutron, with kinetic energy on the order of MeV. Also, in especially heavy nuclei, spontaneous fission may occur. Nuclei that are fissionable by neutrons typically carry at least a very small chance of spontaneous fission occurring.
Generally, thermal fission is used in commercial reactors, though Fast Breeder Reactors have been developed to harness fast fission.
The United States gets about 19 % of its electricity from nuclear power. Nuclear engineers in this field generally work, directly or indirectly, in the nuclear power industry or for national laboratories. Current research in the industry is directed at producing economical, proliferation-resistant reactor designs with passive safety features. Although government labs research the same areas as industry, they also study a myriad of other issues such as nuclear fuels and nuclear fuel cycles, advanced reactor designs, and nuclear weapon design and maintenance. A principal pipeline for trained personnel for US reactor facilities is the Navy Nuclear Power Program.
Nuclear medicine and medical physics
An important field is medical physics, and its subfields nuclear medicine, radiation therapy, health physics, and diagnostic imaging. From x-ray machines to MRI to PET, among many others, medical physics provides most of modern medicine's diagnostic capability along with providing many treatment options.
Nuclear materials and nuclear fuels
Nuclear materials research focuses on two main subject areas, nuclear fuels and irradiation-induced modification of materials. Improvement of nuclear fuels is crucial for obtaining increased efficiency from nuclear reactors. Irradiation effects studies have many purposes, from studying structural changes to reactor components to studying nano-modification of metals using ion-beams or particle accelerators.
Radiation measurements and dosimetry
Nuclear engineers and radiological scientists are interested in the development of more advanced ionizing radiation measurement and detection systems, and using these to improve imaging technologies. This includes detector design, fabrication and analysis, measurements of fundamental atomic and nuclear parameters, and radiation imaging systems, among other things.
Nuclear engineering organizations
List of institutions offering nuclear engineering courses
List of universities in Argentina
University Department (external links) Degrees offered National University of Cuyo Instituto Balseiro BE, ME, PhD
List of universities in Brazil
University Department (external links) Degrees offered Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Nuclear Engineering Department/COPPE BS, MS, PhD
List of universities in Bulgaria
University Department (external links) Degrees offered Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski" Faculty of Physics Department of Nuclear Engineering BS, MS, PhD University & college Department (external links) Degrees offered Technical University of Sofia Department of Thermal and Nuclear Power Engineering BS, MS, PhD
List of universities in Canada
University Department (external links) Degrees offered McMaster University, Hamilton Engineering Physics (Nuclear Engineering Option) B.Eng. Phys., Dipl. Nuc.Tech, M.Eng, M.A.Sc, Ph.D. University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa Nuclear Engineering B.Eng, M.Eng, M.A.Sc, Ph. D École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal Institute of Nuclear Engineering M.Eng, M.Sc, PhD Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering M.Sc, M.A.Sc, M.Eng, PhD
List of universities in France
University Department (external links) Degrees offered Institut National des Sciences et Techniques du Nucléaire Department of Nuclear Engineering MEng MSc PhD Grenoble INP PHELMA-Grenoble INP M.Eng MSc
List of colleges in India
College Department (external links) Degrees offered Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai Engineering Sciences, Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Health Sciences, Life Sciences, Mathematical Sciences, Strategic Studies
In the following constituent institutes: Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Institute for Plasma Research, Institute of Physics, Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Tata Memorial Centre and Institute of Mathematical Sciences
For science and engineering : PGDip, M.Phil, M.Sc(Engg), M.Tech, Ph.D.
For Health Sciences : at Tata Memorial Centre : DM (Medical Oncology), M.Ch.(Surgical Oncology), MD (Pathology), MD (Anesthesia), MD (Radiotherapy), MD (Radio-diagnosis) and Ph.D.(Health Sciences, Epidemiology) are offered
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur Nuclear Engineering and Technology M.Tech, PhD Mody Institute of Technology and Science  M.Tech Indian Institute of Technology,Madras  M.Tech Sastra university,Tanjore  M.Tech Delhi University  M.Tech J.N.T.UNIVERSITY KAKINADA,KAKINADA,ANDHRA PRADESH www.jntukakinada.edu.in M.E SRM University,Chennai  B.Tech, M.Tech, Ph.D Jadavpur University  Masters of Nuclear Engineering, Faculty of engineering and Technology Manipal Institute of Technology  M.Tech in Nuclear Engineering
List of colleges in Israel
College Department (external links) Degrees offered Ben Gurion University of the Negev 
List of colleges in Jordan
College Department (external links) Degrees offered Jordan University of Science and Technology Department of Nuclear Engineering BS
List of colleges in Pakistan
College/University Department (external links) Degrees offered Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences, Islamabad Department of Nuclear Engineering MS,PhD Kannup Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering/NED University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi Department of Nuclear Engineering MS,PhD Chasnupp Center for Nuclear Training (CHASCENT), Chasma Center for Nuclear Training and Engineering MS,PhD
List of colleges in Russian Federation
University Department (external links) Degrees offered Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (National Research Nuclear University)  BE,MS,PhD
List of universities in South Africa
List of universities in Switzerland
University Department (external links) Degrees offered EPF Lausanne and ETH Zurich Nuclear Engineering MS, PhD
List of colleges in Turkey
College Department (external links) Degrees offered Hacettepe University Department of Nuclear Engineering BS,MS,PhD
List of universities in the United Arab Emirates
University of Sharjah - Nuclear Engineering
List of universities in the United Kingdom
College Department (external links) Degrees offered Lancaster University Nuclear Engineering M.Eng University of Birmingham Physics and Technology of Nuclear Reactors MSc Nuclear Technology Education Consortium Nuclear Science and Technology MSc Nottingham Trent University Physics with Nuclear Technology BSc Imperial College London Centre for Nuclear Engineering MSc, M.Eng (Joint Honours) University of Cambridge  MPhil in Nuclear Energy
List of colleges in the U.S.
- ^ Journal of Petroleum Engineering and Technology"Journal of Petroleum Engineering and Technology". JoPET. http://www.stmjournals.com. Retrieved 2011-03-20.
- ^ http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epm/tablees1a.html
- ^ http://www.aapm.org/medical_physicist/fields.asp
- Gowing, Margaret. Britain and Atomic Energy, 1939-1945 (1964).
- Gowing, Margaret, and Lorna Arnold. Independence and Deterrence: Britain and Atomic Energy, Vol. I: Policy Making, 1945-52; Vol. II: Policy Execution, 1945-52 (London, 1974)
- Johnston, Sean F. "Creating a Canadian Profession: The Nuclear Engineer, 1940-68," Canadian Journal of History, Winter 2009, Vol. 44 Issue 3, pp 435-466
- Johnston, Sean F. "Implanting a discipline: the academic trajectory of nuclear engineering in the USA and UK," Minerva, 47 (2009), pp. 51-73
- Science and Technology of Nuclear Installation Open-Access Journal
- Nuclear Engineering International magazine
- Nuclear Science and Engineering technical journal
- Electric Generation from Commercial Nuclear Power
- Hacettepe University Department of Nuclear Engineering
Nuclear technology Science Fuel Neutron ReactorsFLiBeNone
Power MedicineTherapy WeaponTopicsLists WasteProductsDisposal Debate
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
nuclear engineering — uclear engineering n. The branch of engineering concerned with the design and construction and operation of nuclear reactors. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
nuclear engineering — Introduction the field of engineering that deals with the control and use of energy and radiation released from nuclear reactions. It encompasses the development, design, and construction of power reactors, naval propulsion reactors,… … Universalium
nuclear engineering — noun the branch of engineering concerned with the design and construction and operation of nuclear reactors • Hypernyms: ↑engineering, ↑engineering science, ↑applied science, ↑technology * * * nuclear engineering, the branch of engineering… … Useful english dictionary
nuclear engineering — branduolinė technika statusas T sritis Energetika apibrėžtis Technikos priemonių, susijusių su atomo branduolio vidinės energijos naudojimu, visuma. atitikmenys: angl. nuclear engineering; nuclear technology vok. Kerntechnik, f; Reaktortechnik, f … Aiškinamasis šiluminės ir branduolinės technikos terminų žodynas
nuclear engineering — branduolinė technika statusas T sritis Energetika apibrėžtis Technikos šaka, apimanti branduolinės energijos naudojimą. atitikmenys: angl. nuclear engineering; nuclear technology vok. Kerntechnik, f; Reaktortechnik, f rus. ядерная техника, f… … Aiškinamasis šiluminės ir branduolinės technikos terminų žodynas
Nuclear engineering computer codes — With the decreased cost and increased capabilities of computers, Nuclear Engineering has implemented computer software into all facets of this field. There are a wide variety of fields associated with nuclear engineering, but computers and… … Wikipedia
nuclear engineering technologist — branduolinės inžinerijos technologas statusas T sritis profesijos apibrėžtis Technologas, kuris atlieka įvairias užduotis, susijusias su tiriamaisiais branduolinės fizikos darbais. Jis reguliuoja ir prižiūri branduolinių reaktorių, naudojamų… … Inžinieriai, technikai ir technologai. Trikalbis aiškinamasis žodynėlis
Nuclear power in Pakistan — … Wikipedia
Nuclear power in South Korea — … Wikipedia
Nuclear power in France — … Wikipedia