- Bronze mirror
Polished bronze or
coppermirrors were made by the Egyptians from 2900 BCE onwards. [Z. Y. Saad: "The Excavations at Helwan. Art and Civilization in the First and Second Egyptian Dynasties", University of Oklahoma Press, Oklahoma 1969, p.54]
Indus valley civilization
Indus valley civilization, manufacture of bronze mirrors goes back to the time between 2800 and 2500 BCE. [Richard Corson: "Fashions in Makeup: From Ancient to Modern Times", 1972, ISBN 0720604311, p.32]
Bronze mirrors were produced in China from
neolithictimes until the Qing Dynasty, when western glass mirrors were brought to China. Bronze mirrors were usually circular, with one side polished bright, to give a reflection, and the reverse side with designs. They often had a knob in the center so that they could be attached to clothing. Some of the earliest examples of Chinese bronze mirrors belonged to the Neolithic Qijia culturefrom around 2000 BCE. However, until Warring Statestimes, bronze mirrors were not common with approximately only twenty having been discovered. During the Warring Statesperiod, mirrors became particularly popular. It was during the Han Dynasty, and the introduction of the TLV mirror, that mirrors started to be mass-produced. Both Han and Tang mirrors are considered to be the most technically advanced. Bronze mirrors continued to remain popular up through the Song Dynasty, but then gradually lost their popularity and ceased to be produced after the arrival of Western mirrors during the Ming and Qingdynasties.
In Europe, bronze mirrors from the
Bronze Agehave been discovered from various places, including Britain and Italy. A notable example includes the Birdlip mirror. Etruscan mirrors were produced from between the sixth and second centuries BCE. Celtic mirrors in Britain were produced up until the Roman conquest.
* B. Schweig: “Mirrors”, "Antiquity", Vol. 15 (1941), pp.257-268
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