Reverse echo


Reverse echo

Reverse echo or reverb, also known as backwards echo, is a slightly unusual sound effect created as the result of recording an echo or delayed signal of an audio recording whilst being played backwards. The original recording is then played forwards accompanied by the recording of the echo or delayed signal which is now in reverse.

Invention by Jimmy Page

Guitarist and producer Jimmy Page lays claim to the invention of this effect, stating that he originally developed the method when recording the single "Ten Little Indians" with The Yardbirds in 1967. [Brad Tolinski and Greg Di Bendetto, "Light and Shade", "Guitar World", January 1998.] He later used it on a number of Led Zeppelin tracks, such as "You Shook Me". In an interview he gave to "Guitar World" magazine in 1993, Page explained:

cquote|During one session [with The Yardbirds] , we were recording "Ten Little Indians", which was an extremely silly song that featured a truly awful brass arrangement. In fact, the whole track sounded terrible. In a desperate attempt to salvage it, I hit upon an idea. I said, "Look, turn the tape over and employ the echo for the brass on a spare track. Then turn it back over and we'll get the echo preceding the signal." The result was very interesting -- it made the track sound like it was going backwards.

Later, when we recorded "You Shook Me", I told the engineer, Glyn Johns, that I wanted to use backwards echo on the end. He said, "Jimmy, it can't be done". I said "Yes, it can. I've already done it." Then he began arguing, so I said, "Look, Im the producer. Im going to tell you what to do, and just do it." So he grudgingly did everything I told him to, and when we were finished he started refusing to push the fader up so I could hear the result. Finally, I had to scream, "Push the bloody fader up!" And low and behold, the effect worked perfectly. [http://www.iem.ac.ru/zeppelin/docs/interviews/page_93.gw Interview with Jimmy Page] , "Guitar World" magazine, 1993]

Other songs using this effect

*"Whole Lotta Love" by Led Zeppelin on the album "Led Zeppelin II"
*"When the Levee Breaks" by Led Zeppelin on the album "Led Zeppelin IV"
*"The Wanton Song" and "Sick Again" by Led Zeppelin on the album "Physical Graffiti"
*"Megalomania" by Black Sabbath on the album "Sabotage"
*"Back Street Kids" by Black Sabbath on the album "Technical Ecstasy"
*"Eternal Idol" by Black Sabbath on the album "The Eternal Idol"
*"Arise" by Sepultura on the album "Arise"
*"Even Flow" by Pearl Jam on the album "Ten"
*"Hurt" by Nine Inch Nails on the album "The Downward Spiral"
*"Let My Love Open the Door" by Pete Townshend on the album "Empty Glass"
*"Mutilated Lips" by Ween on the album "The Mollusk"
*"Shout at the Devil" by Motley Crue on the album "Shout at the Devil"
*"Dun Ringill" by Jethro Tull on the album "Stormwatch"
*"In the Air Tonight" by Phil Collins on the album "Face Value"
*"H." by Tool on the album "Ænima"
*"The Pot" by Tool on the album "10,000 Days"
*"Strip My Mind" by Red Hot Chili Peppers on the album "Stadium Arcadium"
*"I Am In Love With You" by Imogen Heap on the album "Speak for Yourself"
*"The Happiest Days of Our Lives" by Pink Floyd on the album "The Wall"
*"Alucard" by Gentle Giant on the album "Gentle Giant"
*"Snowman" by XTC on the album "English Settlement"
*"Feel Flows" by The Beach Boys on the album "Surf's Up"
*"For The Love of Money" by The O'Jays on the album "Ship Ahoy"
*"Blood" by Loop on the album "A Gilded Eternity"
*"Who Feels Love?" by Oasis on the album "Standing on the Shoulder of Giants"
*"Master's Apprentices" by Opeth on the album "Deliverance"

Use in other media

Reverse echo has also been used in film and television for an otherworldly effect on voices, especially in horror movies such as "Poltergeist" where it was used to suggest ghostly communication. The swelling effect has been used on environmental sounds and musical backgrounds to create tension and intensity, but can also be used for more subtle atmospheric effect.

Real-time digital reverse echo

Devices exist which offer an audio effect called "reverse echo" for use in live musical performances. This form of reverse echo immediately "follows" the initial source sound rather than preceding it as in tape-based or DAW-based reverse echo. Reverse echo devices sample a short section of the decay and sustain of a signal, reproducing it immediately in a way that starts small, quickly grows to a maximum then suddenly stops, making a strikingly unnatural sound. Real-time digital reverse echo became popular as pop, hair metal and New Wave music snare and cymbal effects in the 1980s; the effect still finds many uses today. Reverse echo was sometimes combined with a gated reverb effect for a wildly synthetic sound. Though most commonly heard on snare and cymbals, the effect can be employed on any signal or combinations of signals present in a performance. Digital reverse echo devices are available as guitar stomp boxes, outboard rackmount effects devices and as internal mixer effects on selected analog and digital mixers. Sampled emulations of reverse echo are found on many electronic percussion devices and sample libraries.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Echo Side — is a song done by Insane Clown Posse, featuring the horrorcore rap group Twiztid. The song was featured as a single from ICP s album The Amazing Jeckel Brothers. Echo side is a place known to be more terrifying and horrible than any place that… …   Wikipedia

  • Reverse Address and Port Translation — (RAPT/IP Reachability Using Twice Network Address and Port Translation) or RAT is a variation of NAT , also refred to as NAPT under linux and PAT by Cisco.IEEE [http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel4/6056/16183/00749275.pdf] RAPT (Reverse Address and… …   Wikipedia

  • Echo cancellation — The term echo cancellation is used in telephony to describe the process of removing echo from a voice communication in order to improve voice quality on a telephone call. In addition to improving subjective quality, this process increases the… …   Wikipedia

  • echo — 1. A reverberating sound sometimes heard during auscultation of the chest. 2. In ultrasonography, the acoustic signal received from scattering or reflecting structures or the corresponding pattern of light on a CRT or ultrasonogram. 3. In… …   Medical dictionary

  • reverse discard — noun : a discard or play in bridge or whist of two or more losing cards in some order other than that conventionally expected by one s partner as a signal compare echo, high low …   Useful english dictionary

  • USS Echo (IX-95) — USS Echo (IX 95), an unclassified miscellaneous vessel, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for the nymph Echo. A sailing scow, she was used as a supply ship in the South Pacific from 1942 to 1944. History A twin masted scow… …   Wikipedia

  • The River in Reverse — Infobox Album Name = The River in Reverse Type = Studio album Artist = Elvis Costello and Allen Toussaint Released = June 6 2006 Recorded = November 27 – December 10 2005 Genre = Rock Length = 53:01 Label = Verve Forecast Producer = Elvis… …   Wikipedia

  • The River in Reverse — Album par Elvis Costello with Allen Toussaint Sortie 6 juin 2006 Enregistrement 27 novembre 19 décembre 2005 Durée 53:01 Genre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sound effect — For the album by The Jam, see Sound Affects. Sound effects or audio effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds, or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content of films, television shows, live performance, animation, video …   Wikipedia

  • Backmasking — (also known as backward masking)[1] is a recording technique in which a sound or message is recorded backward on to a track that is meant to be played forward. Backmasking is a deliberate process, whereas a message found through phonetic reversal …   Wikipedia