Smolikas


Smolikas

Infobox Mountain
Name=Smolikas
Σμόλικας
Photo=
Caption=
Elevation=convert|2637|m|ft|0
Range=Pindus Mountains
Location=Northwest central Greece
Coordinates=coord|40|05|50|N|20|55|30|E|region:GR_type:mountain|display=inline,title
Type= | Age=
Translation= |Language=
Pronunciation=

Mount Smolikas (Greek: Σμόλικας, Aromanian: "Smolcu"), also with the o accented , at a height of 2,637 metres above sea level, is the second highest mountain in Greece, after Mount Olympus, and the highest of the Pindus Mountains. The mountain is formed in ophiolite rocks. During the Pleistocene the northern and eastern cirques and valleys were glaciated on several occasions. The last glaciers of this area retreated around 11,500 years ago (Hughes et al. 2006).

The GR-20 (Kozani - Siatista - Ioannina) is to the west. Its length is approximately 15 to 20 km from east to west and its width is approximately 10 km from north to south. The Aoos river flows to the southwest.

Nearest mountain ranges

*Lygkos, southeast
*Tymfi, south
*Grammos, northwest

Nearest places

*Agia Paraskevi, north
*Elefthero, south

Information

Forests dominate the low lying areas of the mountain and contains pine and spruce trees, the valley areas, grasslands, bushes and unvegetated portions dominate the higher elevations. The area around the mountain contains villages and forest roads as well as hiking trails. Two roads surround the mountains.

Panorama

Its panorama includes the Voio mountains to the northeast, the mountains of the northeastern Pindus to the northeast, Lygkos to the southwest, Tymfi to the south, the valley to the southwest and Grammos to the northwest.

External links

* [http://www.greekmountainflora.info/Smolikas/Smolikas.html Greek Mountain Flora]

References

*Hughes, P.D., Woodward, J.C., Gibbard, P.L. (2006) The last glaciers of Greece. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, vol. 50, p. 37-61.


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