Ayutthaya


Ayutthaya

Infobox Settlement
name = Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
official_name =
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native_name = พระนครศรีอยุธยา
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dot_x = 151 |dot_y = 65
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Thailand
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Ayutthaya
subdivision_type2 =
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government_footnotes =
government_type = City municipality
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Somsong Sappakosonlakul
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area_total_km2 = 14.84
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population_as_of = 2006
population_footnotes =
population_note = Registered residents only
population_total = 54888
population_density_km2 = auto
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timezone = Thailand
utc_offset = +7
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website = [http://www.ayutthayacity.go.th/ www.ayutthayacity.go.th/]
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Ayutthaya (full name Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, _th. พระนครศรีอยุธยา, IPA2|aˡjutʰajaː; also spelled "Ayudhya") city is the capital of Ayutthaya province in Thailand. The city was founded in 1350 by King U-Thong, who came here to escape a smallpox outbreak in Lop Buri, and proclaimed it the capital of his kingdom, often referred to as the Ayutthaya kingdom or Siam. Ayutthaya was named after the city of Ayodhya in India, the birthplace of Rama in the "Ramayana" (Thai, "Ramakien"). In 1767 the city was destroyed by the Burmese army, and the ruins of the old city now form the Ayutthaya historical park, which is recognized internationally as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city was refounded a few kilometers to the east.

It is estimated that Ayutthaya around ca. 1600 had a population of ca. 300,000, and even 1,000,000 around 1700. In that era Ayutthaya belonged thus to the world's largest cities. [George Modelski, "World Cities: –3000 to 2000", Washington DC: FAROS 2000, 2003. ISBN 2-00309-499-4. See also [http://faculty.washington.edu/modelski/ Evolutionary World Politics Homepage] .]

Ayutthaya Town Center

*Ayutthaya Historical Study Center
*Chan Kasem Palace
*Chao Sam Phraya National Museum
*St. Joseph's Church
*Wang Luang
*Wat Chai Watthanaram
*Wat Lokaya Sutharam
*Wat Mahathat
*Wat Na Phra Men
*Wat Phanan Choeng
*Wat Phra Ram
*Wat Phra Si Sanphet
*Wat Phutthaisawan
*Wat Ratchaburana
*Wat Suwan Dararam
*Wat Thammikarat
*Wihan Phra Mongkhon Bophit

The city is located at the junction of the Chao Phraya, Lopburi and Pa Sak rivers, and on the main north-south railway linking Chiang Mai to Bangkok. The old city is on an island formed by a bend of the Chao Phraya on the west and south sides, the Pa Sak on the east side and, on the northern side, the Klong Maung canal.

Approximate centre of the old city: coord|14|20|N|100|34|E

The Empire was actually brought down in 1767 by the Burmese destruction of Ayudhya.

Media

In popular culture

*A Thailand-themed town named "Ayothaya" appears in the PC MMORPG "Ragnarok Online.

References / External links

* [http://www.ianandwendy.com/OtherTrips/ThailandMalaysia/Thailand/index.htm Photos and Videos of Ayutthaya]
*


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ayutthaya — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ciudad histórica de Ayutthaya1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ayutthaya — [prä΄nä kôn′sēä yo͞o′tä yä] city in central Thailand, on the Chao Phraya River: capital (1350 1767) of a former Thai kingdom: pop. 61,000: in full Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya [prä΄nä kôn′sē] * * * A·yut·thay·a (ä yo͞oʹtə yä ) A city of south central …   Universalium

  • Ayutthaya — kann mehrere Bedeutungen haben: das Königreich Ayutthaya − existierte von 1351 bis 1767, die „Ayutthaya Periode“ − Zeitperiode entsprechend dem Königreich Ayutthaya, der Geschichtspark Ayutthaya, Weltkulturerbe der UNESCO, Stadt in Thailand,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ayutthaya — (nombre completo: Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, tailandés: พระนครศรีอยุธยา; también Ayudhya) es la ciudad capital de la provincia de Ayutthaya en Tailandia. La ciudad fue fundada en 1350 por el rey U Thong y la hizo capital de su reino, a menudo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ayutthaya — Ayutthaya,   Thai auch Krung Kao, Provinzhauptstadt am Menam, nördlich von Bangkok, Thailand, 57 300 Einwohner;   Wirtschaft:   Herstellung von Textilien; Reismühlen.   Stadtbild:   Aus der Zeit zwischen d …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ayutthaya — [prä΄nä kôn′sēä yo͞o′tä yä] city in central Thailand, on the Chao Phraya River: capital (1350 1767) of a former Thai kingdom: pop. 61,000: in full Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya [prä΄nä kôn′sē] …   English World dictionary

  • Ayutthaya — Ville historique d’Ayutthaya * Patrimoine mondi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ayutthaya — or in full Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya geographical name city S Thailand N of Bangkok population 60,561 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ayutthaya — A•yut•tha•ya [[t]ɑˈyu tɑ yɑ[/t]] n. geg a city in central Thailand, on the Chao Phraya: former national capital. 47,189 …   From formal English to slang

  • Ayutthaya (Provinz) — Ayutthaya พระนครศรีอยุธยา Statistik Hauptstadt: Ayutthaya Tel.vo …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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