Black grouper


Black grouper
Black grouper
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Serranidae
Genus: Mycteroperca
Species: M. bonaci
Binomial name
Mycteroperca bonaci
Poey, 1860

The black grouper (Mycteroperca bonaci) is one of the best known of the large group of Perciform fish called groupers.

Contents

Description

The black grouper is a large marine fish, growing up to 150 centimetres in length and 100 kilograms in weight. It has an olive or gray body, with black blotches and brassy spots. The preopercle is gently rounded.

The black grouper is a solitary fish. The fish spawns between May and August. It is a protogynous hermaphrodite, i.e. the young are predominantly female but transform into males as they grow larger.

Adults feed mainly on other fish and squid, though the younger fish feed on crustaceans especially shrimp.

Distribution

It is associated with rocky or coral reefs but is not dependent on them; it is found in the Western Atlantic Ocean, from Massachusetts, USA, in the north to southern Brazil, but is particularly associated with the southern Gulf of Mexico, the Florida Keys, the Bahamas and the Caribbean. Adults are not found at the northern extremes of its range. It lives mostly near the surface, at depths ranging from 6 to 33 meters.

Uses

The black grouper is quite tasty and an important food fish, is fished for sale but also for sea-angling.

Conservation

The black grouper is an IUCN Red List Near threatened species, vulnerable to increases in exploitation because it is a relatively slow breeder.

There are other fish that are sometimes called "black groupers." These include the similar gag grouper, Mycteroperca microlepis, the misty grouper Epinephelus mystacinus, and the critically endangered Warsaw grouper Epinephelus nigritus.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • black grouper — juodasis gruperis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Epinephelus nigritus angl. black grouper; black jewfish; Warsaw grouper rus. варшавский каменный окунь; чёрный групер ryšiai: platesnis terminas –… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • black grouper — Bonaci Bo na*ci , n. [Amer. Sp. bonas[ i], prob. from native name.] (Zo[ o]l.) (a) A large grouper ({Mycteroperca bonaci}) of Florida and the West Indies, valuable as a food fish; called also {aguaji} and, in Florida, {black grouper}. (b) Also,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • black grouper — noun 1. : black jewfish 2. : a large dark grouper (Mycteroperca bonaci) having a protruding jaw and widely distributed in the warmer waters of the Atlantic 3. : spotted jewfish …   Useful english dictionary

  • Grouper — Group er, n. [Corrupted fr. Pg. garupa crupper. Cf. {Garbupa}.] (Zo[ o]l.) (a) One of several species of valuable food fishes of the genus {Epinephelus}, of the family {Serranid[ae]}, as the red grouper, or brown snapper ({Epinephelus morio}),… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Grouper — For other meanings, see Grouper (disambiguation). Taxobox name = Groupers image width = 250px image caption = Malabar grouper, Epinephelus malabaricus regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Actinopterygii ordo = Perciformes familia =… …   Wikipedia

  • black jewfish — juodasis gruperis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Epinephelus nigritus angl. black grouper; black jewfish; Warsaw grouper rus. варшавский каменный окунь; чёрный групер ryšiai: platesnis terminas –… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • black rockfish — noun 1. : either of two common rockfishes: a. : priestfish b. : a common dark colored scorpaenid food fish (Sebastodes melanops) of the Pacific coast of No. America 2. : black grouper 2 …   Useful english dictionary

  • black-tipped grouper — raudondryžis gruperis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Epinephelus fasciatus angl. banded reef cod; black tipped grouper; black tipped rock cod; red banded grouper; striped grouper rus. краснополосый… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • black-tipped rock cod — raudondryžis gruperis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Epinephelus fasciatus angl. banded reef cod; black tipped grouper; black tipped rock cod; red banded grouper; striped grouper rus. краснополосый… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • grouper — grouper1 /grooh peuhr/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) grouper, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species), groupers. any of various sea basses of the family Serranidae, esp. of the genera Epinephelus and Mycteroperca, of tropical and… …   Universalium