YUSCII


YUSCII

YUSCII was an informal name for JUS I.B1.002, national variant of ISO 646, 7-bit Latinic character encoding standard, and used in Yugoslavia before widespread use of later ISO-8859-2, Microsoft and Unicode standards. It was named after ASCII, having the first word "American" replaced with "Yugoslav": "Yugoslav Standard Code for Information Interchange". It maintained the same codes for all essential characters and replaced a number of symbols with letters specific to languages spoken in Yugoslavia.

YUSCII was originally developed for teletype telegraphs but it also spread for computer use. This was widely considered a bad idea among software developers who needed the original ASCII such as {, [, }, ] , ^, ~, |, in their source code. Numerous attempts to replace it with something better kept failing due to limited support. Eventually, Microsoft's introduction of code pages, appearance of Unicode and availability of fonts finally spelled sure (but nevertheless still slow) end of YUSCII.

Codepage layout

Code points remained largely the same as in ASCII to maintain maximum compatibility. Following table shows allocation of character codes in YUSCII. Red entries are (somewhat) different from ASCII. Both Latin and Cyrillic glyphs are shown:

|

Control characters

Control characters are the same as in ASCII:

# Printable Representation, the Unicode glyphs reserved for representing control characters when it is necessary to print or display them rather than have them perform their intended function.
# Control key Sequence, the traditional key sequences for inputting control characters. The caret (^) represents the "Control" or "Ctrl" key that must be held down while pressing the second key in the sequence. The caret-key representation is also used by some software to represent control characters.
# The Backspace character can also be entered by pressing the "Backspace", "Bksp", or ← key on some systems.
# The Delete character can also be entered by pressing the "Delete" or "Del" key. It can also be entered by pressing the "Backspace", "Bksp", or ← key on some systems.
# The Escape character can also be entered by pressing the "Escape" or "Esc" key on some systems.
# The Carriage Return character can also be entered by pressing the "Return", "Ret", "Enter", or ↵ key on most systems.
# The ambiguity surrounding the Backspace key comes from systems that translated the DEL control character into a BS (backspace) before transmitting it. Some software was unable to process the character and would display "^H" instead.

ee also

* Languages: Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovenian, Macedonian
* Cyrillic alphabet
* Scientific transliteration
* Iskra Delta Partner, a computer with built-in YUSCII


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • YUSCII — неофициальное название для 7 битной кодировки JUS I.B1.002, использовавшейся в Югославии. Она представляет собой национальный вариант стандарта ISO 646. Вариант с латиницей .0 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 …   Википедия

  • ISO/IEC 646 — This article is about a character encoding standard. For the ISO C header file, see iso646.h. ISO/IEC 646:1991, Information technology ISO 7 bit coded character set for information interchange, is an ISO standard that since its first edition in… …   Wikipedia

  • ASCII — American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII), pronEng|ˈæski [ [http://www.m w.com/cgi bin/audio.pl?ascii001.wav=ASCII Audio pronunciation for ASCII] . Merriam Webster . Accessed 2008 04 14.] is a character encoding based on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Baudot code — The Baudot code, invented by Émile Baudot,[1] is a character set predating EBCDIC and ASCII. It was the predecessor to the International Telegraph Alphabet No 2 (ITA2), the teleprinter code in use until the advent of ASCII. Each character in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Character encoding — Special characters redirects here. For the Wikipedia editor s handbook page, see Help:Special characters. A character encoding system consists of a code that pairs each character from a given repertoire with something else, such as a sequence of… …   Wikipedia

  • Control character — In computing and telecommunication, a control character or non printing character is a code point (a number) in a character set, that does not in itself represent a written symbol. It is in band signaling in the context of character encoding. All …   Wikipedia

  • Morse code — Chart of the Morse code letters and numerals Morse code is a method of transmitting textual information as a series of on off tones, lights, or clicks that can …   Wikipedia

  • Unicode — For the 1889 Universal Telegraphic Phrase book, see Commercial code (communications). The Unicode official logo since October 2009 …   Wikipedia

  • ANSI escape code — ANSI code redirects here. For other uses, see ANSI (disambiguation). ANSI escape sequences are characters embedded in the text used to control formatting, color, and other output options on video text terminals. Almost all terminal emulators… …   Wikipedia

  • Mojibake — The UTF 8 encoded Japanese Wikipedia article for mojibake, as displayed in the Windows 1252 encoding. Mojibake (文字化け …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.