Bavarian cream


Bavarian cream

Bavarian cream or Crème bavaroise or simply Bavarois ["Bavarois" is masculine because it stands for "fromage Bavarois": compare the "coeur à la crème" made with Mascarpone.] is a classic dessert, a Swiss invention according to the French, [ [http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bavarois_%28p%C3%A2tisserie%29 French Wikipedia: "Bavarois (pâtisserie)"] ] but one that was included in the repertory of Marie-Antoine Carême, who is sometimes credited with it. [ [http://www.foodtimeline.org/foodpuddings.html The Food Timeline: French cremes] ] It was named in the early nineteenth century for Bavaria or, perhaps more likely in the history of haute cuisine, for a particularly distinguished visiting Bavarian, such as a Wittelsbach. Escoffier declared that "Bavarois" would be more properly "Moscovite", owing to its preparation, in the days before mechanical refrigeration, by being made in a "hermetically-sealed" mould that was plunged into salted crushed ice to set— hence "Muscovite". At the twenty-first century dinner table, one can scarcely imagine the impression made in the mid-nineteenth century by an unmoulded Bavarian cream presented at a summertime dinner party.

Bavarian cream is similar to flour- or cornstarch-thickened crème pâtissière [Not to be confused with Crème anglaise, which is a custard sauce.] but thickened with gelatin [It is thickened with isinglass in the recipe in Louis Eustache Ude's "The French Cook", translated into English and published in London, 1828. Reprint (Arco Publishing:New York) 1978 p. 360f.] instead and flavoured with liqueur. It is lightened with whipped cream when on the edge of setting up, before being moulded, for a true Bavarian cream is usually filled into a fluted mould, [The mould should be coated first on the inside with almond oil, according to Escoffier, "Le Guide Culinaire".] chilled until firm, then turned out onto a serving plate. By coating a chilled mould first with a fruit gelatin, a glazed effect can be produced. Imperfections in the unmoulding are disguised with strategically-placed fluted piping of "crème Chantilly". In America, it is not uncommon to serve Bavarian cream directly from the bowl it has been chilled in, similar to a French mousse. In this informal presentation, Escoffier recommended the Bavarian cream be made in a "deep silver dish which is then surrounded with crushed ice". [Escoffier, "The Complete Guide to the Art of Modern Cookery", 1903, tr. by H.L. Cracknell and R.J. Kaufmann. Reprinted (New York:John Wiley) 1999, p. 544)]

It may be served with a fruit sauce or a raspberry or apricot purée or used to fill elaborate charlottes.

Though it does not pipe smoothly because of its gelatin, it could substitute at a pinch for crème pâtissière as a filling for doughnuts. The American "Bavarian Cream doughnuts" are actually filled with a version of a crème pâtissière, causing local linguistic confusion. True Bavarian creams in fact did first appear in the US in Boston Cooking School cookbooks, by Mrs D.A. Lincoln, 1884, and by Fannie Merritt Farmer, 1896: Fannie Farmer already offers a "Quick Bavarian Cream", the path of the future.

Notes

External links

* [http://www.foodtimeline.org/foodpuddings.html The Food Timeline: French cremes]


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  • Bavarian cream — Cream Cream (kr[=e]m), n. [F. cr[^e]me, perh. fr. LL. crema cream of milk; cf. L. cremor thick juice or broth, perh. akin to cremare to burn.] 1. The rich, oily, and yellowish part of milk, which, when the milk stands unagitated, rises, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bavarian cream — Bavarian Ba*va ri*an, a. Of or pertaining to Bavaria. n. A native or an inhabitant of Bavaria. [1913 Webster] {Bavarian cream}. See under {Cream}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bavarian cream — n. a dessert made with gelatin, whipped cream, eggs, and fruit flavoring …   English World dictionary

  • Bavarian cream — noun a rich custard set with gelatin • Hypernyms: ↑custard * * * noun also bavarian ( s) Usage: usually capitalized B : a dessert of a flavored whipped gelatine mixture into which whipped cream is folded * * * a dessert made with custard, gela …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bavarian cream — a dessert made with custard, gelatin, and whipped cream. [1875 80] * * * ▪ food       custard enriched with whipped cream and solidified with gelatin. Bavarian creams can be flavoured with chocolate, coffee, fruits, and the like and are usually… …   Universalium

  • Bavarian cream — Bavar′ian cream′ n. coo a custard of gelatin and whipped cream …   From formal English to slang

  • Bavarian cream — noun Date: 1847 flavored custard or pureed fruit combined with gelatin and whipped cream …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Bavarian cream — pudding like dessert …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Bavarian cream — /bəˌvɛəriən ˈkrim/ (say buh.vairreeuhn kreem) noun a cold dessert consisting of a rich custard set with gelatine and flavoured in various ways. Also, bavarois …   Australian English dictionary

  • Cream — (kr[=e]m), n. [F. cr[^e]me, perh. fr. LL. crema cream of milk; cf. L. cremor thick juice or broth, perh. akin to cremare to burn.] 1. The rich, oily, and yellowish part of milk, which, when the milk stands unagitated, rises, and collects on the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English