- Treloar Copyright Bill
The Treloar Copyright Bill was a revision of the
United States copyrightlaws introduced February 13, 1896, in the first sessionof the 54th United States Congressas House of Representatives (H.R.) Bill No. 5976 by Missouri9th District Representative William M. Treloar. The bill was then extensively revised, and was later reintroduced as H.R. 8211.
The bill incorporated two other pending bills (which were ultimately passed on their own) to create a
register of copyrights(called a "commissioner" in the Treloar Bill), and to expand protections for public performance of copyrightedworks, including music, for the first time. The bill would have also extended the term of copyright by 12 years, from 24 years and a 14 year extension (48 years) to 40 years and a 20 year extension (60 years). The law would have extended the manufacturing clauseof the 1891 International Copyright Actto extend to most items excluded in 1891, including music, maps, etc.
The bill was extensively criticized in the press, especially for extending the manufacturing clause, and was strongly opposed by copyright leagues formed by authors and publishers. It never made it out of the House of Representatives' Committee on
*Rosen, Zvi S., "The Twilight of the Opera Pirates: A Prehistory of the Right of Public Performance for Musical Compositions". "Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal", Vol. 24, 2007. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=963540. (The third section deals with the entire history of the bill).
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