Bread


Bread
Various leavened breads
Naan, a leavened flatbread from Central and South Asia.
Bread, white (typical)
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 1,113 kJ (266 kcal)
Carbohydrates 51 g
- Dietary fiber 2.4 g
Fat 3 g
Protein 8 g
Thiamine (vit. B1) 0.5 mg (43%)
Riboflavin (vit. B2) 0.3 mg (25%)
Niacin (vit. B3) 4 mg (27%)
Folate (vit. B9) 111 μg (28%)
Choline 14.6 mg (3%)
Vitamin K 3.1 μg (3%)
Calcium 151 mg (15%)
Iron 3.74 mg (29%)
Magnesium 23 mg (6%)
Potassium 100 mg (2%)
Sodium 681 mg (45%)
Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.
Bread, whole-wheat (typical)
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 1,034 kJ (247 kcal)
Carbohydrates 41 g
- Dietary fiber 7 g
Fat 3 g
Protein 13 g
Thiamine (vit. B1) 0.4 mg (35%)
Riboflavin (vit. B2) 0.2 mg (17%)
Niacin (vit. B3) 4.7 mg (31%)
Folate (vit. B9) 50 μg (13%)
Choline 26.5 mg (5%)
Vitamin K 7.8 μg (7%)
Calcium 107 mg (11%)
Iron 2.43 mg (19%)
Magnesium 82 mg (23%)
Potassium 248 mg (5%)
Sodium 472 mg (31%)
Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.

Bread is a staple food prepared by cooking a dough of flour and water and often additional ingredients. Doughs are usually baked, but in some cuisines breads are steamed (e.g., mantou), fried (e.g., puri), or baked on an unoiled frying pan (e.g., tortillas). It may be leavened or unleavened. Salt, fat and leavening agents such as yeast and baking soda are common ingredients, though bread may contain other ingredients, such as milk, egg, sugar, spice, fruit (such as raisins), vegetables (such as onion), nuts (such as walnuts) or seeds (such as poppy). Referred to colloquially as the "staff of life", bread has been prepared for at least 30,000 years. The development of leavened bread can probably also be traced to prehistoric times. Sometimes, the word bread refers to a sweetened loaf cake, often containing appealing ingredients like dried fruit, chocolate chips, nuts or spices, such as pumpkin bread, banana bread or gingerbread. :)

Fresh bread is prized for its taste, aroma, quality, appearance and texture. Retaining its freshness is important to keep it appetizing. Bread that has stiffened or dried past its prime is said to be stale. Modern bread is sometimes wrapped in paper or plastic film or stored in a container such as a breadbox to reduce drying. Bread that is kept in warm, moist environments is prone to the growth of mold. Bread kept at low temperatures, in a refrigerator for example, will develop mold growth more slowly than bread kept at room temperature, but will turn stale quickly due to retrogradation.

The soft, inner part of bread is known to bakers and other culinary professionals as the crumb, which is not to be confused with small bits of bread that often fall off, called crumbs. The outer hard portion of bread is called the crust.

Contents

Etymology

The word itself, Old English bread, is common in various forms to many Germanic languages, such as Frisian brea, Dutch brood, German Brot, Swedish bröd, and Norwegian and Danish brød; it has been claimed to be derived from the root of brew. It may be connected with the root of break, for its early uses are confined to broken pieces or bits of bread, the Latin crustum, and it was not until the 12th century that it took the place—as the generic name for bread—of hlaf (


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  • BREAD — (Heb. לֶחֶם, leḥem), a baked commodity from a cereal flour. The primary sense of leḥem is food in general (Gen. 37:25; Num. 28:2; I Kings 5:2; etc.). The Ugaritic lḥm has the same general sense and the same particular sense, while the Arabic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bread — (br[e^]d), n. [AS. bre[ a]d; akin to OFries. br[=a]d, OS. br[=o]d, D. brood, G. brod, brot, Icel. brau[eth], Sw. & Dan. br[ o]d. The root is probably that of E. brew. [root]93. See {Brew}.] 1. An article of food made from flour or meal by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bread — рок группа из США, образована в 1969 году в Лос Анджелесе по инициативе студийного музыканта, композитора, аранжировщика и продюсера Дэвида Гейтса (David Gates), 11.12.1940, Талса, Оклахома, США вокал, гитара, бас , клавишные (как сессионный… …   Википедия

  • Bread — Pays d’origine Los Angeles, Californie, États Unis Genre musical Folk rock, Soft rock Années d activité 1968 1977 Labels Elektra Anciens membres David Gates Jimm …   Wikipédia en Français

  • bread — W3S2 [bred] n [U] [: Old English;] 1.) a type of food made from flour and water that is mixed together and then baked ▪ Would you like some bread with your soup? ▪ the smell of fresh bread ▪ a loaf of bread ▪ Could you cut me a slice of bread… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • bread — ► NOUN 1) food made of flour, water, and yeast mixed together and baked. 2) informal money. ● bread and butter Cf. ↑bread and butter ● bread and circuses Cf. ↑bread and circuses …   English terms dictionary

  • bread — [ bred ] noun uncount *** 1. ) a common food made from flour, water, and usually YEAST (=a substance that makes the bread grow larger). Bread is usually sold in a large piece called a loaf or made into smaller pieces called rolls. You usually cut …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • bread — [bred] n. [ME bred < OE bread, crumb, morsel < IE * bhreu , var. of * bhereu , to ferment < base * bher , well up, seethe > BREW, BURN1, L fervere, to boil] 1. a) a food baked from a leavened, kneaded dough made with flour or meal,… …   English World dictionary

  • bread — bread; bread·en; bread·less; clap·bread; way·bread; crisp·bread; gin·ger·bread; …   English syllables

  • Bread — Bread, v. t. (Cookery) To cover with bread crumbs, preparatory to cooking; as, breaded cutlets. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bread — (br[e^]d), v. t. [AS. br[ae]dan to make broad, to spread. See {Broad}, a.] To spread. [Obs.] Ray. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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