- Treaty of Akhal
The Treaty of Akhal was a treaty signed by Persia and Imperial Russia on
September 21, 1881. The treaty marked Persia's official recognition of Khwarazm's annexation by the Russian Empire. After Persia had been considerably weakened by its defeat in 1860, and with the increasing occupation of Great Britainin Egypt, during the years of 1873 to 1881, Imperial Russia stepped up its campaign to wrest full control over the Central Asianregion from Persian dominanceFact|date=January 2008. Hence forces led by Generals Mikhail Skobelev, Ivan Lazarev, and Konstantin Kaufmanspearheaded the campaign, with Persia unable to react. The immobilized Nasereddin Shahsent foreign secretary "Mirza Sa'eed Khan Mo'tamen ol-Mulk" to meet Ivan Zinovievand sign a treaty in Tehran. By virtue of this treaty, Persia would henceforth cease any claim to all parts of Turkestanand Transoxiania, setting the Atrek Riveras the new boundary. Hence Merv, Sarakhs, Eshgh Abad, and the surrounding areas were transferred to Russian control under the command of General Alexander Komarov in 1884.
*Mahdavi, H. A. "Tarikh-i Ravābit-i Khareji -e Iran". 1985. p. 286-287.
Nasser Takmil Homayoun. "Kharazm: What do I know about Iran?". 2004. ISBN 964-379-023-1, p. 85-87.
List of treaties
Treaty of Turkmenchay
Treaty of Gulistan
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