List of political parties in Brazil


List of political parties in Brazil

This article lists political parties in Brazil.

Brazil has a multi-party system with numerous political parties sharing the vote, in which no single party has a chance of gaining power alone, so that they must work with each other to form coalition governments. The ideologies of the different parties should be taken with a grain of salt, as many of them are in fact loose coalitions of local and individual leaderships.

Above the broad range of political parties in Brazilian Parliament since there is no election threshold, the Workers' Party, the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party, the Brazilian Social Democracy Party and the Democrats together control the absolute majority of seats in the Senate and Chamber of Deputies [ [http://www.freedomhouse.org//modules/mod_call_dsp_country-fiw.cfm?country=7142&year=2007&page=0&view=mof Freedom House report on Brazil, 2007] ] , and effectively have dominated Brazilian political landscape since the returning of democracy in 1985. Smaller parties often make alliances with at least one of these four major parties.

ummary of parliamentary parties

*Brazilian Communist Party ("Partido Comunista Brasileiro", PCB)
*Brazilian Democratic Movement Party ("Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro", PMDB)
*Brazilian Labour Party ("Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro", PTB)
*Brazilian Labour Renewal Party ("Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro", PRTB)
*Brazilian Republican Party ("Partido Republicano Brasileiro", PRB)
*Brazilian Social Democracy Party ("Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira", PSDB)
*Brazilian Socialist Party ("Partido Socialista Brasileiro", PSB)
*Christian Labour Party ("Partido Trabalhista Cristão", PTC)
*Communist Party of Brazil ("Partido Comunista do Brasil", PCdoB)
*Democratic Labour Party ("Partido Democrático Trabalhista", PDT)
*Democrats ("Democratas", DEM)
*Green Party ("Partido Verde", PV)
*Humanist Party of Solidarity ("Partido Humanista da Solidariedade", PHS)
*Labour Party of Brazil ("Partido Trabalhista do Brasil", PTB)
*Party of National Mobilization ("Partido da Mobilização Nacional", PMN)
*Progressive Party ("Partido Progressista", PP)
*Republic Party ("Partido da República", PR)
*Social Christian Party ("Partido Social Cristão", PSC)
*Socialism and Freedom Party ("Partido Socialismo e Liberdade", PSoL)
*Socialist Popular Party ("Partido Popular Socialista", PPS)
*Workers' Party ("Partido dos Trabalhadores", PT)

Since 1982 Brazilian political parties are given a number to make easier for illiterate people to vote. Initially, it was a one-digit number: 1 for PDS, 2 for PDT, 3 for PT, 4 for PTB, and 5 for PMDB. When it became clear that there was going to be more than nine parties, a two-digit number was assigned, with the first five parties having a "1" added to their former one-digit number (PDS becoming number 11, PDT 12, PT 13, PTB 14, and PMDB 15). Often political parties change their names but retain their number.

Major parties

Non-registered parties

Waiting for registration in the Electoral Court ("Tribunal Superior Eleitoral")

Recently absorbed or merged parties

{| class="wikitable" style="border:1px; background-color:#f7f8ff; align:left" !width="35"|Siglum!width="260"|Name (Portuguese)!width="220"|Name (English)!width="190"|Ideology!width="60"|Merged in!width="40"|Year
-
PSD
Partido Social Democrático
Social Democratic Party
Centrism, Social democracy
PTB
2002
-
PGT
Partido Geral dos Trabalhadores
General Party of the Workers
Centrism, Social democracy
PL
2002
-
PST
Partido Social Trabalhista
Social Labour Party
Centrism
PL
2002
-
PAN
Partido dos Aposentados da Nação
Party of the Nation's Retirees
Centrism
PTB
2006
-
PL
Partido Liberal
Liberal Party
Centrism, Populism
PR
2006
-
PRONA
Partido da Reedificação da Ordem Nacional
Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order
Nationalism, Populism
PR
2006

###@@@KEYEND@@@###

Historical parties

{| {| class="wikitable" style="border:1px; background-color:#f7f8ff; align:left" !width="40"|Siglum!width="263"|Name (Portuguese)!width="221"|Name (English)!width="218"|Ideology!width="80" |Lifetime
-
PCB
Partido Comunista Brasileiro
Brazilian Communist Party
Communism
1922-1992
-
AIB
Ação Integralista Brasileira
Brazilian Integralist Action
Integralism, Fascism
1933-1938
-
PRP
Partido de Representação Popular
Popular Representation Party
Integralism, National conservatism
1938-1966
-
PTB
Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro
Brazilian Labour Party
Nationalism, Populism
1945-1966;
-
PSD
Partido Social Democrático
Social Democratic Party
Conservatism, Populism
1945-1966
-
UDN
União Democrática Nacional
National Democratic Union
Conservatism
1945-1966
-
PSP
Partido Social Progresista
Progressive Social Party
Conservatism, Populism
1947-1966
-
ARENA
Aliança Renovadora Nacional
National Renewal Alliance Party
Conservatism, Nationalism
1966-1979
-
MDB
Movimento Democrático Brasileiro
Brazilian Democratic Movement
Centrism
1966-1979
-
PDS
Partido Democrático Social
Democratic Social Party
Conservatism
1979-1993
-
PDC
Partido Democrata Cristão
Christian Democratic Party
Christian democracy, Conservatism
1945-66; 1985-1993
-
PPR
Partido Progressista Reformador
Reform Progressive Party
Conservatism, Christian democracy
1993-1995
-
PRN
Partido da Reconstrução Nacional
National Reconstruction Party
Centrism, Populism
1989-2000
###@@@KEYEND@@@###

References

ee also

* Brazilian general election, 2006
* List of political parties by country
* List of political parties by ideology
* Liberalism in Brazil


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