Naturalistic decision making


Naturalistic decision making

The naturalistic decision making (NDM) framework emerged as a means of studying how people actually make decisions and perform cognitively complex functions in demanding situations. These include situations marked by time pressure, uncertainty, vague goals, high stakes, team and organizational constraints, changing conditions, and varying amounts of experience.

Origins of the movement

The NDM movement originated at a conference in Dayton, Ohio in 1989, which resulted in a book by Gary Klein, Judith Orasanu, Roberta Calderwood, and Caroline Zsambok. Since then, NDM conferences have been held every 2-3 years, alternating between U.S. and European venues. A series of NDM books have been published, and in 1995 the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society established a new technical group, Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, that has built on the NDM tradition.

The framework

The NDM framework focuses on cognitive functions such as decision making, sensemaking, situational awareness, planning – which emerge in natural settings and take forms that are not easily replicated in the laboratory. For example, it is difficult to replicate high stakes, or provide for problem detection, or to achieve extremely high levels of expertise, or to realistically incorporate team and organizational constraints. Therefore, NDM researchers rely on cognitive field research methods such as cognitive task analysis to observe and study skilled performers. From the perspective of scientific methodology, NDM studies usually address the initial stages of observing phenomena and developing descriptive accounts. In contrast, controlled laboratory studies emphasize the testing of hypotheses. NDM and controlled experimentation are thus complementary approaches. NDM provides the observations and models, and controlled experimentation provides the testing and formalization.

References

*Klein, G., Orasanu, J., Calderwood, R., and Zsambok, C.E. (1993) "Decision Making in Action: Models and Methods". Ablex Publishing Co., Norwood, NJ.
*Todd, P. and Gigerenzer, G, Putting Naturalistic Decision Making into the Adaptive Toolbox, "Journal of Behavioral Decision Making", Vol. 14, 353-384, 2001.
*Zsambok, C.E. and Klein, G (1997) "Naturalistic Decision Making". Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ.
*Johnson, J.G. and Raab, M "Take the First: Option Generation and Resulting Choices". Elsevier Science, San Diego, CA.

External links

* [http://www.hfes.org Human Factors and Ergonomics Society]
* [http://www.hfes-europe.org HFES Europe Chapter]

ee also

* Intuition
* Intuition (knowledge)
* Recognition primed decision
* SEPS Self Defense


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Naturalistic decision-making — The naturalistic decision making (NDM) framework emerged as a means of studying how people actually make decisions and perform cognitively complex functions in demanding situations. These include situations marked by time pressure, uncertainty,… …   Wikipedia

  • Decision making — For Decision making in groups, see Group decision making. Sample flowchart representing the decision process to add a new article to Wikipedia. Decision making can be regarded as the mental processes (cognitive process) resulting in the selection …   Wikipedia

  • Dynamic decision-making — (DDM) is interdependent decision making that takes place in an environment that changes over time either due to the previous actions of the decision maker or due to events that are outside of the control of the decision maker.[1][2] In this sense …   Wikipedia

  • Decision — Décision La décision est le fait d effectuer un choix lors de la confrontation à un problème afin de le résoudre. Il existe au moins trois grandes approches du concept de décision : La première estime que la décision est un choix de type… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Décision — « Décidé » redirige ici. Pour le navire corsaire, voir Le Décidé. La décision est le fait d un acteur (ou d un ensemble plus ou moins cohérent d acteurs) qui effectue un choix entre plusieurs solutions susceptibles de résoudre le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Processus de décision — Décision La décision est le fait d effectuer un choix lors de la confrontation à un problème afin de le résoudre. Il existe au moins trois grandes approches du concept de décision : La première estime que la décision est un choix de type… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Recognition primed decision — (RPD) is a model of how people make quick, effective decisions when faced with complex situations. In this model, the decision maker is assumed to generate a possible course of action, compare it to the constraints imposed by the situation, and… …   Wikipedia

  • NDM — naturalistic decision making …   Medical dictionary

  • NDM — • naturalistic decision making …   Dictionary of medical acronyms & abbreviations

  • Décide — Décision La décision est le fait d effectuer un choix lors de la confrontation à un problème afin de le résoudre. Il existe au moins trois grandes approches du concept de décision : La première estime que la décision est un choix de type… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.