- Workers' control
Workers' control is participation in the management of factories and other enterprises by the people who work there.
The idea of workers' control is an old one. The
Guildsystem could be seen as a form of workers' control. It has been variously advocated by anarchists, socialists, Communistsand Christian Democrats. It has been combined with various socialist and mixed economysystems. Workers' councils are a form of workers' control. Council communismadvocates workers' control through workers councils. Syndicalismadvocates workers' control through trade unions. Guild socialismadvocates workers' control through a revival of the Guild system. Participatory economicsrepresents a recent variation on the idea of workers' control. Workers' control can be contrasted to indirect forms of social control of the economy via the state, such as nationalisationand central planning(see state socialism) and private control of the means of production as found in capitalism.
In the early
Soviet Union, worker's control was accomplished via factory committees.
A form of workers' participation was applied in
West Germanyafter World War II.Fact|date=August 2007
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia practiced direct social ownership of businesses and the economy as a whole during the 1960's. The country's economy prospered formidably during that time period. Unemployment was low and the education level of the work force steadily increased.
Britain in the 1970s considered a version of it: the Bullock Report of 1977 had a definite schema, but there was considerable opposition, much of it from the
Hard Left. The Institute for Workers' Controlwas part of the left-wing opposition. Arthur Scargillwas strongly opposed to the idea of giving coal workers control of the coal industry.Fact|date=August 2007
* Paris Commune of 1871
* [http://www.marxists.org/archive/trotsky/works/1930-ger/310820.htm Trotsky on workers control]
* [http://www.sp-usa.org Socialist Party USA - an example of a socialist party that advocates Workers' control and social ownership of the economy over both state-controlled socialism and capitalism.]
* [http://www.iww.org IWW - proponents of workers control]
Maurice Brinton, "The Bolsheviks and Workers' Control". Montreal: Black Rose Books, 1978
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