Richard Bright (physician)


Richard Bright (physician)

Infobox Person
name=Richard Bright


caption=Richard Bright
quotation=
birth_date=September 281789
birth_place= Bristol
dead=
death_date=December 161858
death_place=London

Richard Bright (September 281789 – December 161858) was an English physician and early pioneer in the research of kidney disease.

He was born in Bristol, Gloucestershire, the third son of Sarah and Richard Bright Sr., a wealthy merchant and banker. Bright Sr. shared his interest in science with his son, encouraging him to consider it as a career. In 1808, Bright Jr. joined the University of Edinburgh to study philosophy, economics and mathematics, but switched to medicine the following year. In 1810, he accompanied Sir George Mackenzie on a summer expedition to Iceland where he conducted naturalist studies. Bright then continued his medical studies at Guy's Hospital in London and in September 1813 returned to Edinburgh to be granted his medical doctorate. His thesis was "De erysipelate contagioso" ("On contagious erysipelas").

During the 1820s and 1830s Bright again worked at Guy's Hospital, teaching, practising and researching medicine. There he worked alongside two other celebrated medical pioneers, Thomas Addison and Thomas Hodgkin. His research into the causes and symptoms of kidney disease led to his identifying what became known as Bright's disease. For this, he is considered the "father of nephrology".

Bright had a special affection for Hungary and in 1815 he lived in Festetics Castle in Keszthely, where there is a large plaque: “To the memory of the English physician scientist and traveller who was one of the pioneers in the accurate description of Lake Balaton.”

On December 111858, Bright became severely ill due to complications of heart disease and was unable to recover. He died in London aged 69.

Bright had two sons. The youngest also became a physician; the other, James Franck Bright, a historian.

References

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=van Gijn
first=J
authorlink=
coauthors=Hart W
year=1999
month=Dec
title= [From the library of the Dutch Journal of Medicine: Richard Bright (1789-1858) and his 'Reports of Medical cases']
journal=Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
volume=143
issue=51
pages=2570–5
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 10633798
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Berry
first=D
authorlink=
year=1994
month=Jul
title=Richard Bright (1789-1858): student days in Edinburgh
journal=Proceedings of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
volume=24
issue=3
pages=383–96
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 11639543
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=MacKenzie
first=J C
authorlink=
year=1989
month=Aug
title=Dr Richard Bright--a man of many parts. His bicentenary year--1789-1858
journal=Bristol medico-chirurgical journal (1963)
volume=104
issue=3
pages=63–7
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 2692780
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Marz
first=I
authorlink=
year=1989
month=
title= [Richard Bright--28 September 1789 to 16 December 1858]
journal=Zeitschrift für ärztliche Fortbildung
volume=83
issue=23
pages=1207–9
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 2697997
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Kark
first=R M
authorlink=
coauthors=Moore D T
year=1981
month=Apr
title=The life, work, and geological collections of Richard Bright, M.D. (1789-1858); with a note on the collections of other members of the family
journal=Archives of natural history
volume=10
issue=1
pages=119–51
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 11615995
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Brian
first=V A
authorlink=
year=1976
month=Dec
title=The man behind the name: Richard Bright: 1789-1858
journal=Nursing times
volume=72
issue=49
pages=1937
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 794840
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Lyons
first=J R
authorlink=
year=1976
month=Apr
title=Pioneers in medicine: Richard Bright (1789-1858)
journal=Nursing mirror and midwives journal
volume=142
issue=18
pages=54
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 775451
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Bruetsch
first=W L
authorlink=
year=1971
month=
title=Richard Bright (1789-1858) and apoplexy
journal=Transactions of the American Neurological Association
volume=96
issue=
pages=213–5
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 4945917
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Kinder
first=C H
authorlink=
year=1966
month=Nov
title=Richard Bright (1789-1858)
journal=Investigative urology
volume=4
issue=3
pages=288–90
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 5333197
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=STRIKER
first=C
authorlink=
year=1963
month=Oct
title=Richard Bright 1789-1858 (Garrison): Select Reports Of Medical Cases: Cases Illustrative Of Some Of The Appearances Observable On The Examination Of Diseases Terminating In Dropsical Effusion
journal=Cincinnati journal of medicine
volume=44
issue=
pages=426–8
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 14054272
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
year=1955
month=Jul
title=Richard Bright (1789-1858)
journal=The Merck report
volume=64
issue=3
pages=19
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 13244362
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

External links

* [http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/1984.html WhoNamedIt biography]
* [http://cdm.lib.uiowa.edu/cdm4/index_jmrbr.php?CISOROOT=/jmrbr Images from the John Martin Rare Book Room, University of Iowa]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Richard Bright — may refer to:*Richard Bright (physician) (1789 ndash;1858), English physician and early pioneer in the research of kidney disease *Richard Bright (politician) (1822 ndash;1878), English Member of Parliament 1868 ndash;1878 *Richard Bright (actor) …   Wikipedia

  • Bright — may refer to:*Brightness, the perception of how dark or light a source of luminance is *Being bright , describing colloquially, something with intelligence (trait) *The Brights movement, a social movement promoting the naturalistic… …   Wikipedia

  • Bright's disease — is a historical classification of kidney diseases that would be described in modern medicine as acute or chronic nephritis. The term is no longer used, as diseases are now classified according to their more fully understood etiologies.It is… …   Wikipedia

  • Bright'sdisease — Bright s disease (brīts) n. Any of several diseases of the kidney marked by the presence of albumin in the urine.   [After Richard Bright (1789 1858), British physician.] * * * …   Universalium

  • Bright's disease — chronic nephritis, 1831, so called for English physician Richard Bright (1789 1858), who in 1827 first described it …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bright — This is a Medieval English nickname or given name meaning bright , fair or beautiful . The name derives from the Olde English pre 7th century beorht meaning bright or shining . It may also be a short form of the Olde English personal name… …   Surnames reference

  • Bright's disease — noun Etymology: Richard Bright died 1858 English physician Date: 1831 any of several kidney diseases marked especially by albumin in the urine …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Bright disease — (brīt) [Richard Bright, English physician, 1789–1858] see under disease …   Medical dictionary

  • Bright's disease — noun a disease involving chronic inflammation of the kidneys. Origin C19: named after the English physician Richard Bright …   English new terms dictionary

  • Bright's disease — /ˈbraɪts dəziz/ (say bruyts duhzeez) noun a disease of the kidneys characterised by albuminuria and heightened blood pressure. {named after Richard Bright, 1789–1858, English physician, who described it} …   Australian English dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.