- Caravan of East and West
The Caravan of East and West is a tax-exempt, educational foundation for brotherhood, established in 1929 by
Mirza Ahmad Sohrab, Lewis Stuyvesant Chanlerand his wife Julie and located at 132 East 65th Street in New York City, at " Caravan House", the former Chanler town residence.
The Caravan was a foundation that grew out of the "New History Society". The foundation had a quarterly magazine called The Caravan in 1929, it is not clear how long this magazine lasted. They also had a quarterly magazine called The Children's Caravan in 1935, which 'helps to keep children in touch with each other'. (Educational Digest). They also apparently published some other works.
Originally a part of the
Bahá'í Faith, that relationship ended shortly after the New York administration was denied oversight by its founders. Sohrab refused and was ex-communicated in 1939, which then led Julie to also refuse to appear to answer questions. The foundation severed ties, but continued to do work for the Bahá'í cause, without official sanction.
"At its height, just after
World War II, the Caravan had grown to a membership of almost 250,000.... and its business soon overshadowed the New History Society." [http://www.h-net.msu.edu/~bahai/notes/vol2/newhist1.html Chapter 15] An article in the " New York Times", states that in 1949 the German contingent alone had 100,000 members. ["New York Times", Mar 6, 1949, pg 28]
Two of the members of the Board of Directors were
Syud Hossein, ambassador from India to Egypt and Minister to Trans-Jordan; and Basant Koomera lecturer and educator.
A Foundation Fund directed by a Board of Directors with attorney
Jacob Greenwaldas Chairman was set-up to continue the work of both the New Historical Society and the Caravan, planning for the day when Sohrab and Julie were no longer around.
In 1953, the Bahá'í materials the group had collected had grown so immense that Julie hired architect,
John J. McNamarato design a library within the garden space of the Caravan House. Within this abstract it is stated that: "As part of the construction [of the library] was a block of white marble that `Abdu'l-Baháhad sent to become the corner-stone of the Bahá'í Temple in Wilmettewhich Sohrab had come to possess." [ [http://www.h-net.org/~bahai/diglib/books/A-E/C/Chanler/FGTD.htm "From Gaslight to Dawn", an autobiography by Julie Chanler. New York: New History Foundation, 1956. Chapter 17] ] . This stone was not forwarded to the temple site. The actual corner stone used in the Temple was procured and donated by a Chicago-area Bahá’í, Ester "Nettie" Tobin. [*cite book |author=Whitmore |year=1984 |title=The Dawning Place |publisher=Bahá'í Publishing Trust |location=Wilmette, Illinois, USA |pages= pp.45-48 |id= ISBN 0-87743-192-2 ]
The group's librarian was
An ad for a special meeting of the corporation was placed in "The New York Times"
Nov 21, 1958naming Ronald K. Bayfordas Executive Secretary. On Oct 29, 1961, an announcement of "Two horicultural lectures presented by the Caravan of East and West, an educational, nonprofit organization" appears in the New York Times. The Caravan of East and West still existed as late as 1967 when Peter Blochwas director. (Peter Bloch was later president of the Association For Puerto Rican-Hispanic Culture, Inc. "New York Times", Jun 26, 1972.)
Sohrab died in 1958 and Chanler a few years later. The New History Society is now defunct, apparently not outliving Sohrab. Caravan House still exists at the same address as when founded, "Caravan Institute, Inc. is a non-profit organization founded in 1929 to further education and the arts." They have about a million a year in income. [http://www.taxexemptworld.com/organizations/new_york_ny_10021.asp] and are currently actively operating an adult-education Italian language school with no connection to the Bahá'í Faith. [http://www.parliamo.com/rates.htm]
*Sohrab, Mirza Ahmad. "A Persian Rosary of Nineteen Pearls". 2nd. ed. New York, Caravan of East & West, n.d. [194-?] 3rd. ed. New York, Caravan of East & West, n.d. [195-?] ed.,  . New York: New History Society, n.d.  .
*"Bahai Cause, Founded by Baha-o-llah, Is a Call to Spiritually Mature Men and Women, The". 4. New York: Caravan of the East and West, n.d. [194-?] .
*"One Hundred Years, 1844-1944". 24 leaves. New York: Caravan of East and West, 1944. Collins 12.13 (Also a version with 46 pages).
*"The Plan of the Caravan for the Republic of Mankind".  . New York: Caravan of East and West, n.d. [195-?] .
*"Opening of Bahai Library".  leaves. New York: Caravan of East & West, 1953.
*"A Code of Civilization. Resolutions presented by Mirza Ahmad Sohrab and passed unanimously by the members of the Caravan on Saturday afternoon", April 10th, 1954. New York: Caravan of East and West, 1954.
*Ioas, Leroy, Mrs Lewis Stuyvesant [Julie Chanler] Chanler, and Ahmad Sohrab. "Three Letters".  leaves. New York: Caravan of East and West, 1954.
*"Call to a World Conference in Jerusalem, 1957". 4. New York: The Caravan of East and West, n.d. [1955?] .
cite journal | author= Chanler, Julie | title= From Gaslight to Dawn. New York: New History Foundation, 1956. | url=http://www.h-net.org/~bahai/diglib/books/A-E/C/Chanler/FGTD.htm
[http://books.google.com/books?ie=UTF-8&vid=0BdjrlafJHPPAcvNpA2jTc6&id=DDjfHRCdbd4C&q=%22caravan+house%22&dq=%22caravan+house%22&pgis=1 "Bilingual Education"] , United States Congress, Senate, Labor and Public Welfare. On S.428. 1967
[http://books.google.com/books?ie=UTF-8&vid=0fxk7LtG3pCzS9ajrn&id=IQhfYojVIAsC&q=%22Ahmad+sohrab%22+caravan&dq=%22Ahmad+sohrab%22+caravan&pgis=1 "The Educational Digest"] , ed. Lawrence W Prakken, 1935.
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