- Brazilian Democratic Movement Party
Infobox Brazilian Political Party
party_articletitle = Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement
party_name = Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro
December 4, 1965(MDB) June 30, 1981(registered as PMDB)
headquarters = Câmara dos Deputados - Presidência do PMDB, Ed. Principal sala T4 - Esplanada dos Ministérios
international = none
tse_number = 15
website = [http://www.pmdb.org.br www.pmdb.org.br] The Brazilian Democratic Movement Party ("Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro", PMDB) is the successor of the
Brazilian Democratic Movement. It is largely a centrist party with no fixed ideology, including a range of liberals as well as the former guerillamovement MR-8.
Under military rule from 1965 to 1979, Brazil had a legally enforced two party system, with supporters of the regime gathered under the
National Renewal Alliance Party(ARENA) umbrella, and the official opposition making up the MDB. From 1979 onwards, a restricted number of parties were allowed, and the PMDB emerged. In 1985, party leader Tancredo Neveswon the presidential election. He died at the beginning of his term, but his running mate Jose Sarney, also a member of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party, became president, serving until 1990. He was the only president of Brazil to come from the party, and in recent presidential elections the party has not run presidential candidates, preferring to focus on congressional and gubernatorial elections.
legislativeelections, 6 October 2002, the party won 74 out of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 19 out of 81 seats in the Senate, making it one of the biggest parties in Brazil.
The party decided not to launch a candidate for the 2006
presidential electionin order to be free to make any coalition in the states. Under Brazilian electoral law, parties launching presidential candidates cannot make any alliance at state level unless such state coalition comprises parties allied at country level. At the congressional elections which occurred at the same time as the presidential elections in October 2006, the PMDB won 89 of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, becoming the biggest party in the Chamber of Deputies, and following elections to 1/3 of the Senate, it will have 15 of the 81 seats, becoming the third largest party in the Senate. The PMDB also won 7 state gubernatorial elections in October 2006.
Famous PMDB members include:
Tancredo Neves, Ulysses Guimarães, Itamar Franco, Orestes Quércia, Michel Temer, Anthony Garotinho, José Sarney, Renan Calheiros, Pedro Simon, Roberto Requião, Germano Rigotto, Joaquim Roriz, Ramez Tebet, Marcelo Fortuna
Brazilian Democratic Movement(MDB)
* [http://www.pmdb.org.br/ Brazilian Democratic Movement Party] official site
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