- Hungarian Socialist Party
Hungarian Socialist Party
Magyar Szocialista Párt
Leader Attila Mesterházy Founded 9 October 1989 (descendant of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party) Headquarters 1066 Budapest, VI. Jókai utca 6. Youth wing Societas – Új Mozgalom
(Societas – New Movement)
Ideology Social democracy,
Political position Centre-left International affiliation Socialist International European affiliation Party of European Socialists European Parliament Group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats Official colours Red National Assembly: European Parliament: Website http://mszp.hu/ Politics of Hungary
This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
- Prime Minister (List)
- National Assembly
- László Kövér
- Political parties
- Constitutional Court
- Cities, towns, and villages
- Politics of the European Union
- Foreign relations
The Hungarian Socialist Party (Hungarian: Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP) describes itself as a social democratic party in Hungary. It is the partial successor of the communist Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (or MSZMP), which ruled Hungary between 1956 and 1989. The decision to declare the party a successor of the MSZMP was controversial, and still carries repercussions for both the MSZP and Hungary. Another source of controversy is that some members of the former communist elite maintained political influence in the MSZP, a factor which is still true today. Indeed, many key MSZP politicians were active members or held leadership positions within the MSZMP. The party is not to be confused with the Workers' Party, a marginal party of hardline communists and another successor to the MSZMP.
On economic issues, the Socialists have often been greater advocates of liberal, free market policies than the conservative opposition, which has tended to favor more state interventionism in the economy through economic and price regulations, as well as through state ownership of key economic enterprises. The MSZP, in contrast, implemented a strong package of market reforms, austerity and privatization in 1995-96, when Hungary faced an economic and financial crisis. Besides a more liberal approach to the economy overall, the MSZP also differentiates itself from the conservative opposition through its more recent focus on transforming state social policy from a collection of measures that benefit the entire population, such as subsidies available to all citizens, to one based on financial and social need.
In political terms, the MSZP differentiates itself from its conservative opponents mainly in its rejection of nationalism. The party, along with its minority liberal partner in the governing coalition, campaigned against extending Hungarian citizenship to ethnic Hungarians living in neighboring countries in a December 5, 2004 referendum. The referendum failed due to insufficient voter turnout, but tensions remain over the fate of Hungarian minorities abroad, which in some countries have faced hostility or even a degree of persecution at the hands of majority cultures, particularly when nationalist or populist governments have been in power in those countries.
The party is a member of the Socialist International and the Party of European Socialists, and it holds a chairmanship and several vice-chairmanships in committees at the European Parliament). Internally, party members hold a variety of opinions, containing rival groups, e.g. factions both for and against the prime minister, Ferenc Gyurcsány.
At the 2006 elections, MSZP won with 43.2% of party list votes, which gave it 190 representatives out of 386 in the Parliament. The MSZP was therefore able to retain its coalition government from the previous term. In earlier elections, the MSZP polled 10.89% (1990), 32.98% (1994), 32.92% (1998) and 42.05% (2002). The current surveys show, that the MSZP has 20%.
MSZP formed the first minority government of Hungary, following the SZDSZ's backing out of the coalition with a deadline of May 1, 2008.
MSZP lost the 2010 elections (won by Fidesz with a 2/3 majority), gaining only 19,3% of the votes, and 58 seats in the parliament. Currently, they are the biggest opposition party in Hungary.
Katalin Szili, a former Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary formed the Movement of Alliance for the Future in 2010 and had own candidates in some areas in the 2010 Hungarian parliamentary election. Szili was elected to the Parliament of Hungary via the Baranya County Party list where she was chairperson of the local MSZP chapter. After the 2010 local elections, held on the 3rd of October, she founded the Social Union and became its first chairperson. As a result, she quit the Hungarian Socialist Party and their parliamentarian group. Continuing the parliamentarian work as formally independent MP.
On 22 October 2011 Ferenc Gyurcsány has announced he is leaving the Socialist Party and will set up a new parliamentary group after succeeding in persuading the necessary number of lawmakers to join him. The new Democratic Coalition party is to be a “Western, civic centre-left” formation with ten lawmakers, Gyurcsány announced on the first anniversary that its forerunner, the Democratic Coalition Platform, was set up.
Year Seat percentage Seats Popular votes Status 1990 8.55% 33 419,152 opposition 1994 54.1% 209 2,921,039 government 1998 34.7% 134 1,497,231 opposition 2002 46.11% 178 2,361,997 government 2006 49.22% 190 2,336,705 government 2010 19.3% 58 990,428 opposition
- Attila Mesterházy
- András Balogh
- László Kovács
- Tamás Szabadkai
Single Member Constituencies Voting Consistently for MSZP
The image shows Single Member Constituencies (or SMCs) voting for MSZP in 1998, 2002, 2006 in dark red, while showing SMCs voting for MSZP in 2002 and 2006 in red. The dark red districts are considered the strongest positions of the party.
Most if not all districts shown in dark red and red also voted for MSZP in 1994, a landslide victory for the party. So actually, dark red districts have an even longer uninterrupted voting history of supporting MSZP.
Ferenc Gyurcsány delivering a speech to his party
Political parties in Hungary Represented in the
National Assembly (386)
Not represented in the Parliament* Represented in the
European Parliament (22)
PartiesMember parties (EU)Member parties (non-EU)Associated parties (EU)Associated parties (non-EU)Observer parties Party Presidents European Parliament
European CommissionnersCatherine Ashton (Foreign Affairs and Security Policy) · Joaquín Almunia (Competition) · Maroš Šefčovič (Inter-Institutional Relations and Administration) · Maria Damanaki (Maritime Affairs and Fisheries) · Štefan Füle (Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy) · László Andor (Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion) · see Barroso II Commission Heads of government
at the European CouncilEurofoundation: Foundation for European Progressive Studies
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Hungarian Socialist Party — ▪ political party, Hungary Hungarian Magyar Szocialista Párt left wing Hungarian political party. Although the Hungarian Socialist Party (MSzP) was founded in 1989, its origins date to 1948, when the Hungarian Social Democratic Party… … Universalium
Hungarian Workers Party — Created by Josef Stalin to rule over the People’s Republic of Hungary, the Hungarian Workers Party (Magyar Mankáspórt) sought to transform the country according to the Marxism–Leninism disseminated from the Soviet Union. Following the events… … Historical dictionary of Marxism
Hungarian Communist Party — MKP symbol The Communist Party of Hungary (Hungarian: Kommunisták Magyarországi Pártja), renamed Hungarian Communist Party (Magyar Kommunista Párt) in 1945, was founded on November 24, 1918, and was in power in Hungary briefly from March to… … Wikipedia
Hungarian Workers' Party — The Hungarian Workers Party (Hungarian: Magyar Dolgozók Pártja MDP) was the ruling communist party of Hungary from 1948 to 1956. It was formed by a merger of the Communist Party of Hungary and the Social Democratic Party. Its leader was Mátyás… … Wikipedia
Socialist party (disambiguation) — Socialist Party may refer to: Action * Arab Socialist Action Party * Arab Socialist Action Party – Arabian Peninsula * Liberal Socialist Action Party * National Socialist Action Party * Sardinian Socialist Action Party * Senegalese Party of… … Wikipedia
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party — Magyar Szocialista Munkáspárt First leader János Kádár Last leader … Wikipedia
Hungarian National Party (Czechoslovakia) — Hungarian National Party (in Hungarian Magyar Nemzeti Párt , MNP, in Slovak Maďarská národná strana ) was one of political parties of ethnic Hungarians in the First Republic of Czechoslovakia.The party was founded in February 1920 as party of… … Wikipedia
Hungarian National Socialist Party — Part of a series on Nazism … Wikipedia
Socialist Party of Great Britain — Infobox British Political Party party name = Socialist Party of Great Britain party articletitle = Socialist Party of Great Britain party logo = leader = none foundation = 1904 ideology = Impossibilism position = Left communism international =… … Wikipedia
Socialist Party of Great Britain breakaway groups — The Socialist Party of Great Britain has weathered a number of internal disputes in its over 100 years of history, some of which have led to organisational breakaways.BackgroundSince its foundation in 1904, membership of the Socialist Party of… … Wikipedia