Ellwangen Abbey

Ellwangen Abbey

Infobox Former Country
native_name = "Reichskloster Ellwangen"
conventional_long_name = Imperial Abbey of Ellwangen
common_name = Ellwangen Abbey
continent = Europe
region = Rhine basin
country = Germany
era = Middle Ages
status = Abbey
empire = Holy Roman Empire
government_type = Theocracy
year_start = 1011
year_end = 1802
event_pre = Founded
date_pre = "ca" 764
event_start = Gained "Reichsfreiheit"
date_start = probably 1011
event1 = "Reichsfreiheit" confirmed
date_event1 = 1347
event2 = Converted to provostry
date_event2 = 1460
event_end = Mediatised to the
spaces|4Duchy of Württemberg
date_end =
p1 = Duchy of Swabia
image_p1 =
s1 = Duchy of Württemberg
flag_s1 = Flagge Königreich Württemberg.svg

image_map_caption =
capital = Ellwangen Abbey
footnotes =

Ellwangen Abbey (Kloster Ellwangen) was the earliest Benedictine monastery established in what is now Baden-Württemberg, in Ellwangen about 60 miles / 100 km north-east of Stuttgart.

It was founded by Hariolfus, Bishop of Langres, in about 764, although there is some evidence that it may have been as early as 732. It later became a "Reichsabtei" (imperial abbey), a privilege probably granted in 1011 by the Emperor Henry II and afterwards confirmed by the Emperor Charles IV in 1347.

Ellwangen in its early days produced many distinguished men. Abbots Lindolf and Erfinan were famous authors of their time, according to Mabillon. Abbot Gebhard wrote part of the Life of Saint Ulrich but died before completing it. Abbot Ermenrich (c. 845) was the author of the life of Saint Solus ref|Solus. The monk Adalbero was made Bishop of Augsburg in 894. Abbot Lindebert became Archbishop of Mainz, as also did Abbot Hatto (891). Saint Gebhard, Abbot of Ellwangen, became Bishop of Augsburg in 995. Abbot Milo about the middle of the tenth century was one of the visitors appointed for the visitation of the Abbey of St. Gall.

The Benedictine occupation of the abbey came to an end in the first half of the fifteenth century. In 1460 it was changed into a college of secular canons under the rule of a provost.

Nothing is known of Ellwangen's property during the period of its Benedictine history, but in the 18th century, after it had passed into the hands of the secular canons, its possessions included the court manor of Ellwangen, the manors of Jagstzell, Neuler, Rötlen, Tannenburg, Wasseralfingen, Abtsgmünd, Kochenburg near the town of Aalen, Heuchlingen on the River Lein, and Lautern.

Most of the ecclesiastical buildings still exist, though they are no longer used for religious purposes. In the secularisation of 1802 the abbey was dissolved and its assets taken over by the Duchy of Württemberg.


* Mabillon (ed.), "Acta Sanctorum", vol. 4

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ellwangen Abbey — • The earliest Benedictine monastery established in the Duchy of Wurtemberg, situated in the Diocese of Augsburg about thirty miles north east of the town of Stuttgart Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ellwangen Abbey     E …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ellwangen — Infobox German Location Art = Stadt Wappen = Wappen Ellwangen Jagst.png lat deg = 48 |lat min = 57 |lat sec = 40 lon deg = 10 |lon min = 7 |lon sec = 50 Lageplan = Bundesland = Baden Württemberg Regierungsbezirk = Stuttgart Landkreis =… …   Wikipedia

  • Rot an der Rot Abbey — Imperial Abbey of Rot an der Rot Reichsabtei Rot an der Rot Imperial Abbey of the Holy Roman Empire 149 …   Wikipedia

  • Marchtal Abbey — Imperial Abbey of Marchtal Reichsstift Marchtal Imperial Abbey of the Holy Roman Empire ← …   Wikipedia

  • Neresheim Abbey — Imperial Abbey of Neresheim Reichsabtei Neresheim Imperial Abbey of the Holy Roman Empire ← …   Wikipedia

  • Weissenau Abbey — Imperial Abbey of Weissenau Reichsstift Weißenau Imperial Abbey of the Holy Roman Empire 13th century – …   Wikipedia

  • Prince Clemens Wenceslaus of Saxony — Clemens Wenceslaus Archbishop Elector of Trier Reign 1768 1803 Full name German: Clemens Wenceslaus August Hubertus Franz Xavier …   Wikipedia

  • Ostalbkreis —   District   Country …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Diocese of Langres — The Roman Catholic Diocese of Langres (Lat:Diocesis Lingonensis) is a Roman Catholic Latin Rite diocese in France. The diocese comprises the département of Haute Marne. The diocese is now a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Reims having been a… …   Wikipedia

  • Dellmensingen Castle — (back) …   Wikipedia

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.