Iris


Iris

Iris typically refers to:

* Iris (mythology), in Greek mythology, a messenger god and the personification of rainbows
* Iris (color), an ambiguous color ranging from blue-violet to violet, from the flower of the same name

Iris may also refer to:

In science and technology

In biology

* Iris (anatomy), the sphincter around the pupil of the eye, named for the colors in human and animal eyes
* "Iris" (plant), a genus of flowering plants, named for the Greek mythological figure
* "Iris" (mantis), a genus of insects of the praying mantis family, in the subfamily Mantinae

In other sciences

* 7 Iris, an asteroid named after the mythological figure
* Iris nebula, a reflection nebula, NGC 7023
* Iridescence, an optical phenomenon in which hue changes with the angle at which a surface is viewed

Technologies

* Diaphragm (optics), a mechanical device found in cameras, which mimics the function of the biological iris
* Iris (diaphragm), any such mechanical device, as used in doors, pipes, or electrical engineering
* Iris printer, a true color inkjet printer used for industrial prepress proofs and fine art printing
* Iris (web browser), a web browser for mobile phones and embedded devices

In arts and entertainment

In music

* "Iris" (opera), an opera by Pietro Mascagni
* Iris (song), a song by The Goo Goo Dolls from the film "City of Angels"
** Covers of the Goo Goo Dolls song, recorded by New Found Glory and Ronan Keating
* Iris (British/French band), an instrumental rock band
* Iris (EP), an EP by the band Miranda Sex Garden
* IRIS (Romanian band), a hard-rock band
* Iris (Split Enz song), a song by Split Enz
* Iris (Texas band), a synthpop band

Fictional characters

* Iris, a fictional queen in Piers Anthony's Xanth novels
* Iris (Mega Man), a fictional character in the video game "Mega Man X4"
* Iris, a pre-teen prostitute played by Jodie Foster in the 1976 film "Taxi Driver"

In other arts and entertainment

* "Irises" (painting), a painting of iris flowers by Vincent Van Gogh
* "Iris" (film), a film about Irish novelist Iris Murdoch
* Iris (game), a game created to promote the video game Halo 3
* Iris (TV channel), an Italian movie TV channel
* Iris (Stargate), a mechanical iris seen on the television show "Stargate SG-1"
* Iris-In and Iris-Out, visual effects in cinematography

In transportation

* HMS "Iris", Six historical warships of the British Royal Navy
* USS "Iris", any of several ships in the US Navy that have been named after the mythological figure
* The "Abraham Iris", a touring plane built in France before World War II
* The "Blackburn Iris", a British military flying boat first flown in 1926
* The MV "Royal Iris of the Mersey", the name of two Mersey Ferries operating on the River Mersey, England

Other uses

* Hurricane Iris and Typhoon Iris, tropical cyclones in the Atlantic and the Western Pacific
* Yeşil River, called Iris (Ίρις) by the Greeks
* Iris, Cluj-Napoca, a district in Romania
* Iris Associates, the company which developed Lotus Notes
* Iris Falcón (born 1973), Peruvian volleyball player
* Iris Fund for Prevention of Blindness
* Iris (Corporation Berhad), a company in Malaysia

ee also

* IRIS (disambiguation)


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  • iris — iris …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • iris — [ iris ] n. m. • XIIIe; lat. iris, iridis, gr. iris, iridos I ♦ Plante (iridacées), à rhizome ou à bulbe et à haute tige portant de grandes fleurs ornementales. Iris des marais, de Florence, d Espagne. Iris violet, jaune. L irone, principe… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • iris — 1. (i ris ) s. f. 1°   Nom d une divinité de la mythologie grecque, qui était la messagère des dieux, et qui, déployant son écharpe, produisait l arc en ciel.    Fig. •   Je tiens à bon augure, de ce que MLLE***, qui m avait abandonné ces jours… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • IRIS-T — Allgemeine Angaben Typ: Luft Luft Rakete …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • IRIS-T — Maquette à ’échelle 1 de l’IRIS T (2005) Présentation Fonction Missile air air Constructeur Diehl BGT Defence Coût à l unité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • IRIS-T — Infra Red Imaging System Tail/Thrust Vector Controlled …   Википедия

  • iris — ÍRIS, (I) irisuri, s.n., (II) irişi, s.m. I. s.n. 1. Membrană circulară, colorată a ochiului, situată înaintea cristalinului, în mijlocul căreia se găseşte pupila. 2. Diafragmă cu diametru variabil, folosită la instrumentele optice pentru a regla …   Dicționar Român

  • iris — m. anat. Órgano muscular, contráctil y pigmentado que se halla situado por delante del cristalino y detrás de la córnea. Actúa como un diafragma regulando la cantidad de luz que incide sobre la retina mediante un orificio central (pupila) de… …   Diccionario médico

  • IRIS — can refer to: In technology * IRIS T, a German air to air missile * International Reactor Innovative and Secure, an advanced light water nuclear reactor design * Internal Rotary Inspection System, an ultrasonic method for the nondestructive… …   Wikipedia

  • iris — IRIS. s. f. Meteore qu on appelle vulgairement l Arc en ciel. Les couleurs de l iris. l iris se forme dans la nuë par l opposition du Soleil. Il sign. aussi, Une fleur qu on appelle autrement Flambe. L Iris se plaist dans les lieux marescageux.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française