- Executive Council (Commonwealth countries)
An Executive Council in Commonwealth constitutional practice based on the
Westminster systemis a constitutional organ which exercises executive power and (notionally) advises the governor or governor-general. Executive Councils often make decisions via Orders-in-Council.
Executive Councillors are informally called "ministers". Some Executive Councils, especially in Canada and Australia, are chaired by a President or a Vice-President. In other Commonwealth countries there is no formal president of the Executive Council, although meetings are held in the presence of the Governor-general or Governor (except in rare cases) and decisions require the Governor-general's assent.
These Councils have almost the same functions as the
Privy Councilin the United Kingdom, and accordingly, decisions of the Cabinetgain legal effect by being formally adopted by the Executive Council.
Individual Executive Councils
Federal Executive Councilof Australia
Executive Council of the Irish Free State
Executive Council of Hong Kong
Executive Council of New Zealand
Executive Council of Ceylon
Executive Council of the Isle of Man, the fore-runner to the Council of Ministers of the Isle of Man
*Executive Council of Fiji
At the federal level, Canada does not have an Executive Council but the
Queen's Privy Council for Canada, modelled on the Privy Council of the United Kingdomwith the Canadian Cabinettechnically being a committee of the Privy Council.
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