- Social Democrats (Denmark)
Leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt Founded 1871 Headquarters Danasvej 7
1910 Frederiksberg C
Student wing Frit Forum - Social Democratic Students of Denmark Youth wing Social Democratic Youth of Denmark Ideology Social democracy,
Political position Centre-left International affiliation Socialist International European affiliation Party of European Socialists European Parliament Group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats Nordic affiliation SAMAK Official colours Red Parliament: European Parliament: Regions: Municipalities: Election symbol Website www.socialdemokraterne.dk Politics of Denmark
The Social Democrats (Danish: Socialdemokraterne/Socialdemokratiet), is a Danish political party committed to the political ideology of social democracy. It is the major coalition partner in Denmark's government since the 2011 parliamentary election, and party leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt is the current Prime Minister of Denmark. It is the second largest party with 44 of 175 seats in the Danish parliament, the Folketing
It is a member of the Party of European Socialists and the Socialist International. It had four MEPs in the European Parliament, an increase of three after the 2004 election. The increase was mainly supported by the large number of voters who voted for former party leader and Prime Minister Poul Nyrup Rasmussen. He received 400,000 personal votes.
In government 1993–2001
The Social Democrats' social policy through the 1990s and continuing in the 21st century involved a significant redistribution of income and the maintenance of a large state apparatus with collectively financed core public services such as public healthcare, education and infrastructure.
Social Democrat-led coalition governments (the Cabinets of Poul Nyrup Rasmussen I, II, III, IV) implemented the system known as flexicurity (flexibility and social security), mixing strong Scandinavian unemployment benefits with deregulated employment laws, making it easier for employers to fire and rehire people in order to encourage economic growth and reduce unemployment. It is required for people to continually try to remain an active part of the job force in order to receive benefits if they lose their job. This plan has proven to be successful at reducing unemployment, and it has been proposed as a plausible model for other European countries such as France.
Towards the end of the 1990s, a trade surplus of 30 billion kroner (USD 4.9 billion) turned into a deficit. To combat this, the government increased taxes, limiting private consumption. The 1998 initiative, which was dubbed the Whitsun Packet (Danish: Pinsepakken) from the season it was issued, was not universally popular with the electorate, which may have been a factor in the Social Democrats' defeat in the 2001 parliamentary election.
In opposition 2001–2011
After being defeated by the Liberal Party in the 2001 election, the party chairmanship went to former finance and foreign minister Mogens Lykketoft. Following another defeat in the January 2005 election, Lykketoft announced his resignation as party leader, and at an extraordinary congress on 12 March, it was decided that all members of the party would cast votes in an election of a new party leader. The two contenders for the leadership represented the two wings in the party, with Helle Thorning-Schmidt being viewed as centrist and Frank Jensen being viewed as slightly more left-wing. On 12 April 2005 Helle Thorning-Schmidt was elected as the new leader.
In government 2011–present
The incumbent centre-right coalition led by the Liberal Party lost power to a centre-left coalition led by the Social Democrats making Helle Thorning-Schmidt the country's first female Prime Minister. The Social Liberal Party and the Socialist People's Party became part of the three-party government. The new parliament convened on 4 October.
Leaders of the Social Democrats
- 1871 – 1872: Louis Pio
- 1872 – 1873: Carl Würtz
- 1874 – 1875: Ernst Wilhelm Klein
- 1875 – February 1877: Louis Pio
- 1877 February – July 1878: Chresten Hørdum
- 1878 February – July: A.C. Meyer
- 1878 – 1879: Saxo W. Wiegell
- 1880 – 1882: Chresten Hørdum
- 1882 – 1910: Peter Christian Knudsen
- 1910 – 1939: Thorvald Stauning
- 1939 – 1955: Hans Hedtoft (Alsing Andersen as de-facto leader in 1941-1945)
- 1955 – 1960: H. C. Hansen
- 1960 – 1962: Viggo Kampmann
- 1962 – 1972: Jens Otto Krag (Erling Dinesen as de-facto leader from October 1972 to September 1973)
- 1973 – 1987: Anker Jørgensen
- 1987 – 1992: Svend Auken
- 1992 – 2002: Poul Nyrup Rasmussen
- 2002 – 2005: Mogens Lykketoft
- 2005 – : Helle Thorning-Schmidt
The party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International between 1923 and 1940.
- ^ "AKVA3: Valg til regions råd efter område, parti og stemmer/kandidater/køn". Statistics Denmark. http://www.statistikbanken.dk/akva3. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- ^ "VALGK3: Valg til kommunale råd efter område, parti og stemmer/kandidater/køn". Statistics Denmark. http://www.statistikbanken.dk/valgk3. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- ^ Parties and Elections in europe: Denmark
- ^ Merkel, Wolfgang; Alexander Petring, Christian Henkes, Christoph Egle (2008). Social Democracy in Power: the capacity to reform. London: Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0415438209.
- ^ Kowalski, Werner. Geschichte der sozialistischen arbeiter-internationale: 1923 - 19. Berlin: Dt. Verl. d. Wissenschaften, 1985. p. 290
- The Danish Social Democrats — official English website
Political parties in Denmark Bracketed numbers indicate numbers of seats in the respective parliaments. The FolketingVenstre (47) · Social Democrats (44) · Danish People's Party (22) · Danish Social Liberal Party (17) · Socialist People's Party (16) · Red-Green Alliance (12) · Liberal Alliance (9) · Conservative People's Party (8) · Siumut (Greenland) (1) · Inuit Ataqatigiit (Greenland) (1) · Social Democratic Party (Faroe Islands) (1) · Union Party (Faroe Islands) (1) · European
Politics of Denmark · Portal:Politics · List of political parties by country PartiesMember parties (EU)Member parties (non-EU)Associated parties (EU)Associated parties (non-EU)Observer parties Party Presidents European Parliament
European CommissionnersCatherine Ashton (Foreign Affairs and Security Policy) · Joaquín Almunia (Competition) · Maroš Šefčovič (Inter-Institutional Relations and Administration) · Maria Damanaki (Maritime Affairs and Fisheries) · Štefan Füle (Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy) · László Andor (Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion) · see Barroso II Commission Heads of government
at the European Council
Eurofoundation: Foundation for European Progressive Studies Danish parliamentary election, 2007 Parties running in Denmark proper Parties running in the Faroe Islands Parties running in Greenland Candidates for Prime Minister Other notable candidates Ministry of Welfare: Parties eligible to run in Danish parliamentary elections
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